Somewhere, buried in one of tens of millions of cell samples, could lie the next great breakthrough in disease prevention or cure. But one of the great barriers to finding it could be the need for human eyes to evaluate a corresponding mountain of cell images, one by one. In an era when terabytes of data can be analyzed in just a few days, the opportunity to enhance automation of biomedical analysis could help researchers achieve breakthroughs faster in the treatment of almost every disease--from cancer, diabetes and rare disorders to the common cold. To spur this automation, Booz Allen Hamilton (NYSE: BAH) and Kaggle today launched the 2018 Data Science Bowl, a 90-day competition that calls on thousands of participants globally to train deep learning models to examine images of cells and identify nuclei, regardless of the experimental setup--and without human intervention. Creators of the top algorithms will split $170,000 in cash and prizes, including an NVIDIA DGX Station, a personal AI supercomputer that delivers the computing capacity of 400 CPUs in a desktop workstation.
AI has pervaded our homes, our cars, and now, our hospitals. They are built into our devices, and into our phones, and are the basis for 24 hour care – and increasingly used in drug discovery. Massive data sets are now used to monitor, detect, and address so many conditions, from heart disease to mental illness to the deterioration of gait in Parkinson's disease. Brain computer interfaces are allowing the disabled to walk, and the blind to navigate. Robots, and NLP tools such as Alexa, let seniors to age in place, gracefully.
The Apple Watch can help users stay active, track their health data and can boost workouts with the watchOS 4 update. Apple launched the Apple Watch Series 3 and the watchOS 4 update in September 2015. The Series 3 is priced at $329 for the standard Wi-Fi version and $399 for the LTE cellular model. The wearable device includes a dual-core processor, a faster Siri, a heart rate sensor and is about the same size as the Series 2. While Apple doesn't sell the Series 2 anymore, the company still sells the original Apple Watch for $249. The original Apple Watch also supports watchOS 4. The Workout app is also another feature that can boost users' exercise sessions.
Early recognition of cardiac arrest is vitally important as the chance of survival decreases about 10 percent with each minute. In Denmark AI assistant Corti is listening in to phone calls to emergency services to help detect signs of a heart attack. With Corti implemented, the dispatcher gets a digital assistant that listens in on the conversation and helps to look for important signals in both verbal communication, as well as tone of voice and breathing patterns, while also considering other metadata. All the data provided during the emergency call is automatically analyzed by Corti and then compared to the millions of emergency calls – which Corti has already analysed –to find important patterns. As Corti's understanding of the incident increases, the assistant will try to predict the criticality of the patient's situation based on symptom descriptions and the signals gathered from voice and audio.
An international team of scientists are using data on genetic material, cell surface texture and typical facial features derived by artificial intelligence methods to simulate disease models for deficiencies in the molecule glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor, which is known to cause various diseases. One of the diseases is Mabry syndrome, a rare disease that is triggered by a change in a single gene, causing mental retardation. "This disease belongs to a group that we describe as GPI anchor deficiencies and which includes more than 30 genes," physician and physicist Dr. Peter Krawitz from the Institute for Genome Statistics and Bioinformatics of the University Hospital Bonn, said in a statement. GPI anchors attach specific proteins to the cell membrane and if they do not properly function due to a gene mutation, signal transmission and further steps in the cell-cell communication are impaired. The researchers investigated how a diagnosis of GPI anchor deficiencies can be improved with modern and fast DNA sequencing methods, cell surface analysis and computer aided image recognition.
The development comes from John Radcliffe Hospital and it is an artificial intelligence system which has the aim of reducing operational expenditure. This is through early detection of heart disease and lung cancer. By detecting potential for diseases earlier, appropriate medication can be administered meaning a reduction in operations. Heart disease is assessed by cardiologists through the scanning and monitoring of heart attacks. An echocardiogram, or "echo", is a scan used to look at the heart and nearby blood vessels.
Artificial intelligence could help people live longer by detecting your internal age and designed a tailor-made medical regime, according to new research. Scientists developed a'simple and cheap' computer algorithm that can calculate people's biological age, and reveal whether certain lifestyle changes and medical products could increase the chance of living a long and healthy life. The formula, called Aging.AI, has provided accurate results for 130,000 individuals based on their blood samples. New research, led by the AI company Insilico Medicine, says artificial intelligence could determine a person's risk of developing age-related diseases like cancer and heart disease. Scientists created a formula that can calculate a person's risk of developing age-related diseases, and give medical advice based on those risks'The artificial intelligence is just as good at predicting your age as if you looked at a picture of the person and had to guess the person's age,' said Dr Morten Scheibye-Knudsen, a professor at University of Copenhagen's Center for Healthy Aging.
A new algorithm uses brain activity to create reconstructions (bottom two rows) of observed photos (top row). Imagine searching through your digital photos by mentally picturing the person or image you want. Or texting a loved one a sunset photo that was never captured on camera. A computer that can read your mind would find many uses in daily life, not to mention for those paralyzed and with no other way to communicate. Now, scientists have created the first algorithm of its kind to interpret--and accurately reproduce--images seen or imagined by another person.
Some say that artificial intelligence (AI) will radically change healthcare in the future. But that prediction overlooks an important detail: AI is already significantly changing healthcare. IBM (NYSE:IBM) Watson Health general manager Deborah DiSanzo spoke at the annual J. P. Morgan Healthcare Conference on Wednesday. She provided an update on the progress that IBM Watson, the AI system famous for beating Jeopardy! DiSanzo highlighted four areas where AI is making a big difference today.
"An important strength of the study is that the machine learning technology was applied to trichrome-stained histologic images of routine kidney biopsy samples without any special processing or manipulation other than digital scanning," the team noted, "which allowed us to directly compare the results of the machine learning analysis with those derived from the clinical pathological report on the same specimens."