Surgery


Automate This! Could autonomous robots put surgeons and pharmacists out of a job?

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The treatment plan that helped Krista Jones beat a rare form of cancer was developed using machine learning algorithms and big data. Today's most commonly-used surgical robot, the da Vinci system, is operated by a human surgeon through a console. By eliminating the risk of human error, Kim argues that autonomous surgical robots could dramatically decrease the risk of medical complications. But not everyone is convinced that existing surgical robots, including the popular da Vinci system, have proven their worth -- including Marty Makary, a surgical oncologist at Johns Hopkins.


UK scientists create world's smallest surgical robot to start a hospital revolution

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From a converted pig shed in the Cambridgeshire countryside, a team of 100 scientists and engineers have used low-cost technology originally developed for mobile phones and space industries to create the first robotic arm specifically designed to carry out keyhole surgery. "Our robot does all of this and is the first robotic arm to be designed specifically for laparoscopic surgery," Frost said. "Whereas traditional industrial robotic arms are large and the wrists have three joints, our robot is the same size as a human arm and has four wrist joints, giving the surgeon an unprecedented level of freedom to operate on the patient from whatever angle they want, versatility and reach," Hares said. To create this sophisticated and state-of-the-art device Versius's creators used electronics from mobile phones to help the robot "think" and process information, and gear box technology originally designed for the space industry to help it move.


AI Is Disrupting Everything And These 3 Industries Are Next - Dataconomy

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Using typically available data from operating rooms, Sentient partnered with MIT to predict the onset of sepsis–the leading killer in the ICU–with a success rate above 90%, giving ICU doctors and nurses the ability to act quickly to prevent this killer. Finance has used AI algorithms for a long time to compute credit scores and identify fraud, and now we are again seeing chatbot-esque approaches, this time to help banks answer customer questions more quickly. Everything from AI acting as your personal stockbroker to artificial intelligence finding stock predictors to AI running entire hedge funds: it's all here, right now. But within that data, there is space for real decision-making that can improve processes, make for happier customers, and positively affect the bottom line for companies smart enough to jump on sooner rather than later.


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Engadget

They designed a tiny robotic arm that lays flat while the endoscope is moving through narrow passages and pops up to reveal tools surgeons can use for the procedure. Unlike the typical surgical tools doctors use today, which are completely rigid, the team's creation has a hybrid design featuring a rigid skeleton surrounded by soft materials. By using a combination of the soft and rigid components -- connected to each other by chemical bond instead of adhesive -- the device is more flexible than completely rigid tools. The team already performed an ex-vivo (outside the body) test on a pig's stomach, but that's just the beginning.


THE ROBOT WILL SEE YOU NOW

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The man who is snapping on the surgical gloves while beaming live operations across the globe, in crystal clear 40K VR, is Professor Shafi Ahmed, surgeon, cancer specialist and co-founder of virtual and augmented reality firm Medical Realities When saving lives is second nature, it must feel good to diversify a little, so Professor Ahmed's Wikipedia page also lists him as a'teacher, futurist, innovator, entrepreneur and evangelist' in immersive tech. Working closely with clinicians and experts in film production, animation, CGI, coding and graphics, Medical Realities experiments with virtual reality and wearable tech to stream operations live. Through the company's broadcasts, Medical Realities also aims to make healthcare and surgical access more equitable by training people in parts of the world where they don't have the resources for conventional training. Through the pioneering work of Professor Shafi Ahmed and Medical Realities, this cutting-edge technology looks set to play a much greater role in medical training, treatment and saving lives on the operating tables of the future and Professor Ahmed's relatively simple VR broadcasts could be the start of something truly miraculous.


shrinking-data-for-surgical-training

Robohub

For this research, MGH surgeons identified seven distinct stages in a procedure for removing part of the stomach, and the researchers tagged the beginnings of each stage in eight laparoscopic videos. "We wanted to see how this system works for relatively small training sets," Rosman explains. "If you're in a specific hospital, and you're interested in a specific surgery type, or even more important, a specific variant of a surgery -- all the surgeries where this or that happened -- you may not have a lot of examples." In this case, the system had to learn to identify similarities between frames of video in separate laparoscopic feeds that denoted the same phases of a surgical procedure.


Where Artificial Intelligence Will Pay Off Most in Health Care

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A new report from Accenture Consulting, entitled Artificial Intelligence: Healthcare's New Nervous System, projects the market for health-related AI to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 40% through 2021--to $6.6 billion, from around $600 million in 2014. In that regard, the Accenture report, authored by senior managing director Matthew Collier and colleagues, echoes earlier assessments of the market. They estimate such smart robotic surgery will return $40 billion in "value," or "potential annual benefits…by 2026." "As these, and other AI applications gain more experience in the field, their ability to learn and act will continually lead to improvements in precision, efficiency and outcomes," say the authors.


Trusting robots with our lives

Robohub

Understanding how Intuitive's Da Vinci robot built trust within the medical community could offer parallels to other areas of the automation industry. A decade later, Intuitive received FDA approval for its Da Vinci robot for general surgery, which has since been expanded for prostate, neurological, and thoracic procedures. Last month, the FDA approved the Da Vinci Xi Systems, enabling Intuitive Surgical to market less expensive systems and gain marketshare with smaller medical institutions globally. Similar to robotic medicine, trust-based systems for the military are built by teleporting human expertise into dangerous situations.


Shrinking data for surgical training

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For this research, MGH surgeons identified seven distinct stages in a procedure for removing part of the stomach, and the researchers tagged the beginnings of each stage in eight laparoscopic videos. "We wanted to see how this system works for relatively small training sets," Rosman explains. "If you're in a specific hospital, and you're interested in a specific surgery type, or even more important, a specific variant of a surgery -- all the surgeries where this or that happened -- you may not have a lot of examples." In this case, the system had to learn to identify similarities between frames of video in separate laparoscopic feeds that denoted the same phases of a surgical procedure.


Artificial Intelligence Transforming the Healthcare Industry

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Be it virtual assistants, intelligent automation, or cognitive computing, AI is definitely set to make a big impact on various aspects of healthcare, some of them being operations, patient-centric care, and precision medicine. Currently, AI is already under use in areas like mining medical data, diagnosing medical images, studying genomics-based data for personalized medicine, and improving the lives of the disabled. We, at Grow Fit, are powered by Artificial Intelligence to help our 300,000 users make their health a daily habit. The fact that such innovations can and are helping in better diagnosis, surgical procedures, and improved patient care cannot be ignored.