It also took caviar, ready for the satellite's inhabitants to celebrate the holidays X-rays stream off the sun in this image showing observations from by NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, overlaid on a picture taken by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) This near-infrared color image shows a specular reflection, or sunglint, off of a hydrocarbon lake named Kivu Lacus on Saturn's moon Titan Although Mimas and Pandora, shown here, both orbit Saturn, they are very different moons. Mimas (246 miles or 396 kilometers across), a "medium-sized" moon, formed into a sphere due to self-gravity imposed by its higher mass An X1.6 class solar flare flashes in the middle of the sun in this image taken 10 September, captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory An image from Nasa's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) shows a 200,000 mile long solar filament ripping through the Sun's corona in September 2013 An image of the Large Magellanic Cloud galaxy seen in infrared light by the Herschel Space Observatory. Nasa's Hubble Space Telescope has unveiled in stunning detail a small section of the Veil Nebula - expanding remains of a massive star that exploded about 8,000 years ago Four images from New Horizons' Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (LORRI) were combined with colour data from the Ralph instrument to create this enhanced colour global view of Pluto The HiRISE camera aboard Nasa's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter acquired this closeup image of a "fresh" (on a geological scale, though quite old on a human scale) impact crater in the Sirenum Fossae region of Mars. "And as we know from experience, NASA's scientific discoveries of today continually drive impactful research for tomorrow that goes far beyond the initial observations."
Adding artificial intelligence to the machines we send out to explore space makes a lot of sense, as it means they can make decisions without waiting for instructions from Earth, and now NASA scientists are trying to figure out how it could be done. The next generation of AI robots will have to be able to detect "features of interest", detect unforeseen features, process and analyse data, and adapt their original plans where necessary, say the researchers. The Mars Curiosity rover has software on board that helps it to pick promising targets for its ChemCam – a device that studies rocks and other geological features on the Red Planet. In time, AI is going to become more and more important to space travel, the researchers say, and as artificial intelligence makes big strides forward here on Earth it's also set to have a big role in how we explore the rest of the Universe.
Future space missions are going to reach the deepest part of the final frontier. Researchers currently conduct their work through the remotely controlled robotic spacecraft. But Chien and Wagstaff said autonomous craft are going to be key for future missions. Such autonomous systems are in the works for NASA's Mars rover scheduled for a 2020 launch.
Scientists say humans in orbit could operate robotic systems down at the surface by relying on telepresence, enabling virtual exploration – and, some even say artificially intelligent probes could learn to carry out missions almost entirely on their own. By deploying astronauts to a planet's orbit, such as Mars, humans could control the instruments down below in real-time. And, this would allow them to essentially use a'robotic surrogate' – meaning the researchers could experience the surface environment virtually Curiosity is normally piloted remotely by humans, but signals can take up to 24 minutes to get from Earth to Mars. And, this would allow them to essentially use a'robotic surrogate' – meaning the researchers could experience the surface environment virtually, through the eyes of the robot, and carry out investigations through this vessel.
That's why engineers are increasingly giving spacecraft the ability to make their own decisions. Space robots have long been able to control certain onboard systems--to regulate power usage, for example--but artificial intelligence is now giving rovers and orbiters the ability to collect and analyze science data, then decide what info to send back to Earth, without any human input. Since May 2016, NASA has been testing out an autonomous system on the Curiosity rover. A new report shows that the new system, named AEGIS (Autonomous Exploration for Gathering Increased Science), is working well, and has the potential to accelerate scientific discoveries.
Today, three different aeronautics teams received the go ahead to explore projects related to unmanned autonomous aircraft. The first study explores "safe inclusion and certification of autonomous systems in aviation" -- or, to the rest of us, self-flying aircraft. This project will focus on the algorithms necessary for machines to make safe decisions on their own, without human input. NASA also green-lit a project that will autonomously verify that a drone is fit to fly before it takes off.