North America Government


Will we be able to control the killer robots of tomorrow?

Engadget

Fully autonomous weapons capable of selecting, identifying and engaging with targets of their own choice without human input (think Terminators) have not yet been fielded by any nation, despite what Russia is claiming. As such, now is the time to devise a regulatory framework, the International Committee for Robot Arms Control (ICRAC) argued before a United Nations "Meeting of Experts" in 2014. "We've debated with the US about this and they won't say what they mean by'appropriate control'," Noel Sharkey, professor of AI and robotics at the University of Sheffield and chair of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control, told Engadget. What's more, Just Security's Paul Scharre argues that world militaries have good reason to maintain human control: the ability to re-target these multi-million-dollar munitions mid-fight should the situation on the ground change while the weapon is in transit.


President Obama: the Founder of the AI Revolution – American Institute of Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

"2 A year later the administration announced "As we enter the second year of the Big Data Initiative, the Obama Administration is encouraging multiple stakeholders, including federal agencies, private industry, academia, state and local government, non-profits, and foundations to develop and participate in Big Data initiatives across the country. On July 29th, 2015 President Obama issued an executive order to create a National Computing Strategic Initiative. "In order to maximize the benefits of HPC [high-performance computing] for economic competitiveness and scientific discovery, the United States Government must create a coordinated Federal strategy in HPC research, development, and deployment. The NSCI is a whole-of-government effort designed to create a cohesive, multi-agency strategic vision and Federal investment strategy, executed in collaboration with industry and academia, to maximize the benefits of HPC for the United States.


5-Step Solution to Trump's Greatest Dilemma: How to develop the technology agenda and still deliver on job creation promise? – American Institute of Artificial Intelligence

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It is perfectly understandable that in order to win the election Mr. Trump had to focus on the problems that many Americans can relate to: manufacturing job loss. One of the articles published on ABC News says: A study at Ball State University's Center for Business and Economic Research last year found that trade accounted for just 13 percent of America's lost factory jobs. I bet you can now appreciate the problem: if President Trump wants to add low skilled manufacturing jobs, he would have to push back on automation technologies. Frey and Osborne estimated that just about half the jobs can be impacted by the rise of artificial intelligence related automation (Frey and Osborne, 2013).


What Is The Future Of Technology In America?

International Business Times

While consumer protection laws clearly outlaw unfair pricing and require equal employment opportunities, the regulations enforcing these laws are increasingly obsolete and impotent. Politicians of all stripes support creating or increasing competition, preventing price-gouging in communities served by monopoly broadband providers and encouraging companies to provide internet service in remote areas. However, scaling up this approach, called distributed microgeneration, requires an electrical system that enables two-way metering – a smart utility system that credits customers for power generated and charges them for power consumed. The United States spends billions of dollars every year on information technology, and tens of billions more on government-funded research and other grants.


Essential California: Trump's mixed message on DACA frustrates 'Dreamers' and foes of illegal immigration

Los Angeles Times

It's Tuesday, July 25, and here's what's happening across California: Ever since Donald Trump was elected, Melody Klingenfuss has known her time in the United States could be limited. A fight for the California Democratic Party: Kimberly Ellis, who narrowly lost the race to lead California's Democratic Party, announced Monday that she planned to appeal a party committee's affirmation of the election results two days ago, a potential precursor to a lawsuit. Durst in court: Robert Durst -- the idiosyncratic real estate tycoon accused of murdering his best friend to silence her -- was in a Los Angeles court Monday to hear more witnesses, including a longtime friend, testify for the prosecution. One lovely day in 1983, after a slide had closed the road, which would take a year to open, Pierce was working his tractor moving earth when a second slide took him and his tractor into the deep blue below.


Congress is about to hand over the keys to the big self-driving car companies -- and that's a problem

#artificialintelligence

After all, it was carefully cultivated by the big automakers and tech companies that are working furiously on autonomous driving technology. The legislation would also preempt states from passing their own laws regulating driverless cars, which the industry argues is necessary to avoid a patchwork of state rules. The big companies are pushing back against efforts to make data disclosures mandatory, arguing it could stifle competition. "It isn't just lobbyists that legislators have met with, but countless other organizations, from industry representatives to safety advocates to people with disabilities to state departments of transportation," he said.


AI tool generates fake President Obama speeches

#artificialintelligence

He may no longer be president of the White House but former US president Barack Obama is still making some presidential speeches, although all is not as it appears. Despite looking and sounding exactly like the real deal the new Obama is actually a digital construction carefully crafted by researchers at the University of Washington who fed 14 hours of genuine speeches into a neural net which has binge-watched so much footage it can now generate new clips indistinguishable from reality. Asked by the BBC whether we should be perturbed by the phoney president, professor Ira Kemelmacher-Sclizerman of the University of Washington, said: "Every technology can be used in a negative way and so we all should work towards making sure that doesn't happen. Once you know how to create something you can reverse engineer it and so you could identify methods for identifying what is an edited video and what is a real video."


Neil Jacobstein on the Latest in Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

Artificial Intelligence – Neil Jacobstein recently gave an information-packed talk at the Exponential Manufacturing conference on how artificial intelligence is redefining the future of work, production, supply chain, and design. At the Summit, Neil Jacobstein chairs the Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Track at Singularity University, explored how exponential technologies including artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing, exponential energy, and bio manufacturing are continually redefining the future of work, production, supply chain, and design. Hardware is a key component of the AI revolution, and Jacobstein introduces the Tensor Processing unit, that Google only recently introduced and deployed. Neil Jacobstein recently gave an information-packed talk at the Exponential Manufacturing conference on how artificial intelligence is redefining the future of work, production, supply chain, and design.


What's the Issue With Metal Detectors in Jerusalem?

U.S. News

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is under pressure internationally to back down and remove the metal detectors, but he has resisted those calls, saying security is paramount. He is meeting senior cabinet members to examine a way forward, with signs that alternatives, such as face-recognition cameras or selective searches, might be proposed. The problem is any Israeli-led initiative is likely to be rejected by the Palestinians and possibly Jordan. So the United Nations, the United States, Europe and Russia may get involved.


Here's how to use AI to make America great again

#artificialintelligence

Labor economists have been pointing out the employment consequences of new digital technologies for several years, and the White House report dutifully lays out many of those findings. It is an attempt to elevate into Washington political circles the discussion of how automation and, increasingly, AI are affecting employment, and why it's time to finally adopt educational and labor policies to address the plight of workers either displaced by technology or ill suited for the new opportunities. Joel Mokyr, a leading economic historian at Northwestern University, has spent his career studying how people and societies have experienced the radical transitions spurred by advances in technology, such as the Industrial Revolution that began in the late 18th century. Such generous benefits are unlikely to be offered anytime soon, acknowledges Muro, who has worked with manufacturing communities in the Midwest (see "Manufacturing Jobs Aren't Coming Back").