UK authorities want to expand the use of AI, to introduce robots into health care and allow self-driving cars, among other things. The draft plan includes educating workers to operate AI and promoting the use of AI to businesses and supporting research in this sphere. "It is important to involve people in this process by increasing the education of postgraduate students thus preparing the younger generation to handle these techniques," Angelo Cangelosi said. "The UK is at the forefront of AI and robotics research. We have a large network of artificial intelligence robotics and an autonomous systems network.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is no longer a nebulous concept that lies over the horizon. The fourth industrial revolution, powered by AI, is already here and these advanced systems are helping us scale human knowledge and expertise. AI represents a significant economic opportunity for the United Kingdom. In fact, recent research from IBM and the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) found that around 20% of British firms have already deployed practical applications of AI. To gain a greater understanding of the potential impact of AI and what the future could hold, the UK House of Lords recently issued a call for views from interested parties.
Britain's biggest employers are calling for a commission to examine the impact of artificial intelligence on jobs. Amid predictions of a workplace revolution threatening one in five jobs across the UK, the CBI is urging Theresa May to launch the commission from early 2018. It said companies and trade unions should be involved and the commission should help to set out ways to increase productivity and economic growth as well looking into the impact of AI. The business lobby group said almost half of firms were planning to devote resources to AI, while one in five had already invested in the technology in the past year. Companies are increasingly using computers to scour vast datasets in order to spot inefficiencies, while they are also employing machines to control the flow of activity in warehouses and factories and to take meter readings.
The UK's network of motorway services and petrol stations will be required to install chargers for electric cars, under plans announced by Transport Minister John Hayes. The Automated and Electric Vehicles Bill, which was first announced during the Queen's Speech in June but yesterday had its first reading in Parliament, outlines new powers that will help boost the uptake of electric vehicles across the UK. According to the government, the new network of charging stations will need to be "smart," which means they can interact with the grid in order to manage demand across the UK. Operators will also be required to provide clear information on the location and operating hours of their points, as well as the available charging options, how much they cost and whether they are working order or already in use. Ministers are clear that "all UK motorway services and large petrol retailers" will need to be on board and that the government will be given powers to "make it compulsory for chargepoints to be installed across the country."
The right to due process was inscribed into the US constitution with a pen. A new report from leading researchers in artificial intelligence cautions it is now being undermined by computer code. Public agencies responsible for areas such as criminal justice, health, and welfare increasingly use scoring systems and software to steer or make decisions on life-changing events like granting bail, sentencing, enforcement, and prioritizing services. The report from AI Now, a research institute at NYU that studies the social implications of artificial intelligence, says too many of those systems are opaque to the citizens they hold power over. The AI Now report calls for agencies to refrain from what it calls "black box" systems opaque to outside scrutiny.
Though it probably doesn't feel this way to those who spend their lives running between meetings, dealing with customers, or negotiating with suppliers, the UK isn't working hard enough. Or at least it isn't working smart enough. UK productivity--how much all of us produce over a year divided by how many hours we spend doing it--lags France, Germany, and the U.S. by up to 30%, according to the Office of National Statistics. And it's not just the G7's most productive three countries that outperform the UK. Irish, Spanish, Belgian, and Dutch workers all significantly outperform their UK counterparts.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) will more than likely bring about the next technological renaissance. Although it's capable of some extraordinary things already, it's not quite at the revolutionary stage yet – but that doesn't stop people in the know making some intriguing predictions. Enter John McNamara, a senior inventor and the Innovation Centre Technologist Lead at IBM. He was recently giving evidence to the UK Parliament's House of Lords AI Committee, and he said that by around 2040, AI nanomachines being injected into our blood streams – effectively creating machine-augmented humans – will be a reality. "These will provide huge medical benefits, such as being able to repair damage to cells, muscles, and bones," he told those in session, adding that they could actually end up improving the original biological frameworks.
The UK government has said that artificial intelligence should not be regulated, but overseen. According to a report, which was commissioned in February, an AI council should "operate as a strategic oversight group", and guide discussions around diversity, transparency, accountability and diversity in the sector. Additionally, the report made 18 key recommendations, which included proposals to improve access to data in a bid to spur the development of AI systems in the UK. The report also touched on ways in which government, industry and academia could group together to improve the supply of skills, with proposals including the creation of 200 AI-dedicated PhD places at leading universities. Maximising AI research in the UK was also on the agenda, with the report highlighting the need for universities to use "clear, accessible and where possible common policies and practices for licensing IP and forming spin-out companies".
My son has just been given a new toy car. It's small, blue and remarkably cute-looking for something that threatens one day to cost a lot of people their jobs. For what's unusual about this car is that it wasn't made in a distant Chinese factory before being shipped back to a warehouse here, then trucked to a shop, or dumped on a doorstep by an overworked Amazon driver with no time to ring the doorbell. This one came straight off a 3D printer, one of those faintly space age-sounding gizmos that works a bit like a normal printer except that you load it with plastic fibres instead of paper, and then programme it to "print" a solid object according to your preferred design. It's slow and expensive now, which is why the car my son was given isn't really a toy but a marketing gimmick.
Artificial intelligence could add 630 billion pounds ($837 billion) to the U.K. economy by 2035, a government-commissioned report said. The economic boost would come from a combination of more personalized services, improvements in health care and adopting machine learning to find ways to use resources more efficiently, according to the report. But to see that gain, the U.K. needs to do more to encourage businesses to deploy machine learning and artificial intelligence and ensure the U.K. maintains a leadership position in AI research and development. "We have a choice," the report's authors, Wendy Hall, a professor of computer science at the University of Southampton, and Jerome Pesenti, chief executive officer of health care research startup BenevolentAI, wrote. "The U.K. could stay among the world leaders in AI in the future, or allow other countries to dominate."