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New EU regulations on AI seek to ban mass and indiscriminate surveillance

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New EU regulations on AI seek to ban mass and indiscriminate surveillance. For many, that is the good news. The'not so good' news is that the proposed prohibitions are considered by some as being too vague, with serious loopholes. Most recently, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) and European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), called for a ban on the use of AI for the automated recognition of human features in "publicly accessible spaces" as well as other uses that might lead to "unfair discrimination". Broadly speaking, this reflects the response to the EU's attempt to set a standard on how tech is regulated around the world.


The EU's Artificial Intelligence Act Could Become A Brake On Innovation

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Europe is lagging behind not only the US and Japan, but also China in terms of technological innovation. The world's 15 largest digital firms are not European! It is beyond question that Europe produces bright minds with amazing ideas and an entrepreneurial mindset. The problem is very simple: European companies do not make it beyond the start-up phase and if they do, their business is believed to be better off out of Europe. Skype is one famous example that was bought up by Microsoft.


Panel Details Global Artificial Intelligence Arms Race

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Harnessing artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies has become the new arms race among the great powers, a Hudson Institute panel on handling big data in military operations said Monday. Speaking at the online forum, Richard Schultz, director of the international security program in the Fletcher School at Tufts University, said, "that's the way [Russian President Vladimir] Putin looks at it. I don't think we have a choice" but to view it the same way. He added in answer to a question that "the data in information space is enormous," so finding tools to filter out what's not necessary is critical. U.S. Special Operations Command is already using AI to do what in the old days was called political or psychological warfare, in addition to targeting, he added.


Why Trust Matters for the National Artificial Intelligence Research Resource Task Force

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It is true that artificial intelligence (AI) will come to influence almost every aspect of our lives. In the scramble to realize the potential economic and societal benefits promised by AI, the ready availability of massive, complex, and assumed-to-be generalizable datasets with which to train and test new algorithms is vital. The interaction of governments with their citizens throughout their lives generates huge volumes of diverse information, and these continuously expanding repositories of data are now seen as a public good, providing the raw material for AI industries. In passing the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 (NAIIA), the United States has adopted a path similar to that of the European Union, as defined within the European Commission's Coordinated Plan on Artificial Intelligence 2021 Review. Under the provisions of the NAIIA, the National Artificial Intelligence Research Resource Task Force (NAIRRTF) has been constituted to make recommendations to Congress on, among other things, the capabilities necessary to create shared computing infrastructure for use by AI researchers and potential solutions in respect to "barriers to the dissemination and use of high-quality government data sets."


Russia unveils new 'Checkmate' stealth fighter jet at air show

FOX News

Fox News correspondent Lucas Tomlinson has the details from the Pentagon on'Special Report' Russian President Vladimir Putin inspected the country's newly unveiled "Checkmate" warplane on Tuesday. The prototype of the Sukhoi fifth-generation stealth fighter was revealed at the MAKS-2021 International Aviation and Space Salon, Reuters reported. The show opened Tuesday in Zhukovsky, outside Moscow. Fifth-generation refers to the jet's stealth characteristics, a capability to cruise at supersonic speed as well as artificial intelligence to assist the pilots, among other advanced features. "What we saw in Zhukovsky today demonstrates that the Russian aviation has a big potential for development and our aircraft making industries continue to create new competitive aircraft designs," Putin said in a speech at the show.


AI and computer vision could transform kidney treatment and save NHS millions

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Renal transplantation is widely regarded as the best treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease. Over the past 15 years, demand in the UK for kidney transplants has been rising, resulting in more elderly deceased donors being considered. The problem with elderly donors is that kidney function deteriorates with age. Kidney transplants from elderly donors are associated with higher risks of early failure. Early failure of a kidney graft is a disastrous outcome for the recipient.


Hearing of the European Parliament on artificial intelligence in agriculture

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Monday 14 June two committees of the European Parliament organized an online hearing about the future of agriculture and food security in the digital age. The hearing was organized by the committee Artificial Intelligence in a Digital Age (AIDA) and the committee Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI). One of the experts who spoke was Sjaak Wolfert, researcher digital innovation of Wageningen University & Research (WUR). During the hearing, two panels went into discussion. In the first panel experts pitched on how artificial intelligence (AI) can promote the transition to more sustainable agriculture.


"AI: Here for Good" – Ireland releases national AI strategy

AIHub

The Government of Ireland released its national AI strategy on Thursday 8th July 2021, presenting it online, with key members of the government and the public sector in attendance. Comprising a 73-page document, the strategy considers AI from three different perspectives: building public trust in AI, leveraging AI for economic and societal benefit, and enablers for AI. These key aspects are detailed in the strategy document, with eight actionable corresponding strands ranging from how to engage and raise awareness of the public about AI, to building a strong AI innovation ecosystem, to nurturing and developing AI skills and talents. Following the European approaches of ethical, human-centred, and trustworthy AI, "The National AI Strategy will serve as a roadmap to an ethical, trustworthy and human-centric design, development, deployment and governance of AI to ensure Ireland can unleash the potential that AI can provide," writes Robert Troy, Minister of State for Trade Promotion, Digital and Company Regulation. "Underpinning our Strategy are three core principles to best embrace the opportunities of AI – adopting a human-centric approach to the application of AI; staying open and adaptable to innovations; and ensuring good governance to build trust and confidence for innovation to flourish, because ultimately if AI is to be truly inclusive and have a positive impact on all of us, we need to be clear on its role in our society and ensure that trust is the ultimate marker of success."


Artificial intelligence does not represent a threat to jobs, Taoiseach says

#artificialintelligence

The Taoiseach said he is conscious that the concept of AI "hasn't had the best reputation" in popular culture, but said it could play a crucial role in economic recovery. Enterprise Ireland's Carol Gibbons joined Taoiseach @MichealMartinTD and Minister @RobertTroyTD for the launch of Ireland's first National Artificial Intelligence (AI) Strategy. Find out more about the opportunities for Irish enterprise in AI technologies: https://t.co/YIDyuH6A2u He said AI had the capacity to double economic growth by 2035. "Inevitably, that popular culture suspicion has sometimes leaked into important discussions about the role it will actually play in our economy and in our society in the years and decades ahead," he said.


Nvidia launches $100M supercomputer for U.K. health research

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Nvidia is launching the $100 million Cambridge-1, the most powerful supercomputer in the United Kingdom, and it is making it available to external researchers in the U.K. health care industry. The machine will be used for AI research in health care, and it's one of the world's fastest supercomputers. Nvidia will make it available to accelerate research in digital biology, genomics, and quantum computing. Nvidia is collaborating with AstraZeneca, maker of one of the COVID-19 vaccines, to fuel faster drug discoveries and creating a transformer-based generative AI model for chemical structures. Transformer-based neural network architectures, which have become available only in the last several years, allow researchers to leverage massive datasets using self-supervised training methods, avoiding the need for manually labeled examples during pre-training.