Moves have been made to restrict the use of facial recognition across the globe. In part one of this series on Face ID, Jennifer Strong and the team at MIT Technology Review explore the unexpected ways the technology is being used, including how technology is being turned on police. This episode was reported and produced by Jennifer Strong, Tate Ryan-Mosley and Emma Cillekens, and Karen Hao. Strong: A few things have happened since we last spoke about facial recognition. We've seen more places move to restrict its use while at the same time, schools and other public buildings have started using face I-D as part of their covid-prevention plans. We're even using it on animals and not just on faces with similarities to our own, like chimps and gorillas, Chinese tech firms use it on pigs, and Canadian scientists are working to identify whales, even grizzly bears.
Russia's biggest technology company enjoys a level of dominance that is unparalleled by any one of its Western counterparts. Think Google mixed with equal parts Amazon, Spotify and Uber and you're getting close to the sprawling empire that is Yandex--a single, mega-corporation with its hands in everything from search to ecommerce to driverless cars. But being the crown jewel of Russia's silicon valley has its drawbacks. The country's government sees the internet as contested territory amid ever-present tensions with US and other Western interests. As such, it wants influence over how Yandex uses its massive trove of data on Russian citizens. Foreign investors, meanwhile, are more interested in how that data can be turned into growth and profit. For the September/October issue of MIT Technology Review, Moscow-based journalist Evan Gershkovich explains how Yandex's ability to walk a highwire between the Kremlin and Wall Street could potentially serve as a kind of template for Big Tech.
The battle for international hegemony didn't stop with the fall of the Reichstag in 1945, or of the Soviet Union in 1991 -- it has simply moved online. Today, states and their actors are waging a digital cold war with artificial intelligence systems at the heart of the fight. As Russian President Vladimir Putin said in 2017, "Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world." In T-Minus AI, the US Air Force's first Chairperson for Artificial Intelligence, Michael Kanaan examines the emergence of AI as a tool for maintaining and expanding State power. Russia, for example, is pushing for AI in every aspect of its military complex, while China, as you can see in the excerpt below, has taken a more holistic approach, with the technology infiltrating virtually all strata of Chinese society.
Artificial intelligence today (properly known as'narrow' or'weak' AI) is progressing at an ever-accelerating pace. AI can encompass anything from Google's search algorithms to IBM's Watson. However, AI is also being exploited by governments eager to enhance their power over an ever-more digitally-dependent world. Simon McCarthy-Jones, Associate Professor in Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology at Trinity College Dublin, reveals why the'technological elite' require'checks and balances' in the use and development of artificial intelligence. AI is the ultimate source of knowledge, making it the ultimate source of powerProfessor Simon McCarthy-JonesHe told Express.co.uk: "AI is the ultimate source of knowledge, making it the ultimate source of power."The Russian President, Vladimir Putin, says that whoever leads the world in AI will rule it.
With Covid-19 incapacitating startling numbers of U.S. service members and modern weapons proving increasingly lethal, the American military is relying ever more frequently on intelligent robots to conduct hazardous combat operations. Such devices, known in the military as "autonomous weapons systems," include robotic sentries, battlefield-surveillance drones, and autonomous submarines. So far, in other words, robotic devices are merely replacing standard weaponry on conventional battlefields. Now, however, in a giant leap of faith, the Pentagon is seeking to take this process to an entirely new level -- by replacing not just ordinary soldiers and their weapons, but potentially admirals and generals with robotic systems. Admittedly, those systems are still in the development stage, but the Pentagon is now rushing their future deployment as a matter of national urgency.
A budget proposal from the White House would boost funding for AI by around 30 percent as the US aims to retain its technological supremacy. Countries around the world are vastly increasing their budgets for AI, and with good reason. Just look at Gartner's Hype Cycle released yesterday to see how important the technology is expected to be over the next decade. Russian president Vladimir Putin famously said back in 2017 that the nation which leads in AI "will become the ruler of the world". Putin said that AI offers unprecedented power, including military power, to any government that leads in the field.
China has a national plan for it. Russia says it will determine the "ruler of the world." The United States is investing heavily to develop it. The race is on to create, control and weaponize artificial intelligence. In Michael Kanaan's book "T-Minus AI: Humanity's Countdown to Artificial Intelligence and the New Pursuit of Global Power," set for release Aug. 25, the realities of AI from a human-oriented perspective are laid out for the reader. Such technology, often shrouded in mystery and misunderstood, is made easy to comprehend through a discussion on the global implications of developing AI.
This week, Yandex posted a video pertaining to their self driving cars being tested in the USA. Yandex, as mostly all Russian corporations are, is controlled by Russian President Putin and his team. In Russia, you can't be successful, unless you are either supporting the Kremlin financially. According to the video, the Russian company Yandex has expanded the territory of testing self-driving cars of its own design. In addition to Russia and Israel, where cars with autopilot are already being tested, similar equipment has appeared on US roads.
Russia's leaders have been paying close attention to artificial intelligence (AI) technologies for several years now. President Vladimir Putin has said on numerous occasions that the leader in the field of AI would become "the master of the world." Until recently, however, Russia remained virtually the only large country without its own AI development strategy. That changed in October 2019, when the country adopted a long-discussed National Strategy for the Development of Artificial Intelligence Through 2030. One of the driving forces behind the strategy was Sberbank president German Gref. The state-owned bank has also developed a road map for developing AI in Russia and coordinated the creation of Russia's AI development strategy, which is largely corporate, involving the internet giants Yandex and Mail.ru
Last week the daughter of the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, Katerina Tikhonova, was appointed to head the Artificial Intelligence (AI) Institute located at Moscow State University. The university has produced 13 Nobel prizes, six Fields Medals and one Turing award, so in matters of science, putting the AI institute there is a big deal. In Russian, if a husband's last name is, for instance, Komlev, the wife's surname becomes Komleva. Thinking algorithmically, you add an "a" at the end of the husband's or the father's last name to get the wife's or the daughter's last name. So Katerina's surname is Tikhonova, which means that her husband's or one of her paternal ancestor's last name was Tikhonov.