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Learning to lie: AI tools adept at creating disinformation

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence is writing fiction, making images inspired by Van Gogh and fighting wildfires. Now it's competing in another endeavor once limited to humans -- creating propaganda and disinformation. When researchers asked the online AI chatbot ChatGPT to compose a blog post, news story or essay making the case for a widely debunked claim -- that COVID-19 vaccines are unsafe, for example -- the site often complied, with results that were regularly indistinguishable from similar claims that have bedeviled online content moderators for years. "Pharmaceutical companies will stop at nothing to push their products, even if it means putting children's health at risk," ChatGPT wrote after being asked to compose a paragraph from the perspective of an anti-vaccine activist concerned about secret pharmaceutical ingredients. When asked, ChatGPT also created propaganda in the style of Russian state media or China's authoritarian government, according to the findings of analysts at NewsGuard, a firm that monitors and studies online misinformation.


A Link to News Site Meduza Can (Technically) Land You in Russian Prison

WIRED

When you run a major app, all it takes is one mistake to put countless people at risk. Such is the case with Diksha, a public education app run by India's Ministry of Education that exposed the personal information of around 1 million teachers and millions of students across the country. The data, which included things like full names, email addresses, and phone numbers, was publicly accessible for at least a year and likely longer, potentially exposing those impacted to phishing attacks and other scams. Speaking of cybercrime, the LockBit ransomware gang has long operated under the radar, thanks to its professional operation and choice of targets. But over the past year, a series of missteps and drama have thrust it into the spotlight, potentially threatening its ability to continue operating with impunity.


Russian shelling leaves 10 Ukrainian civilians dead, 20 injured, Zelenskyy says

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com. A new barrage of Russian shelling killed at least 10 Ukrainian civilians and wounded 20 others in a day, the office of Ukraine's president said Friday as the country worked to recover from an earlier wave of Russian missile strikes and drone attacks. Regional officials said towns and villages in the east and in the south that are within reach of the Russian artillery suffered most. Six people died in the Donetsk region, two in Kherson, and two in the Kharkiv region.


The Morning After: Will AI be your next lawyer?

Engadget

In a new study, University of Minnesota law professors used ChatGPT AI chatbot to answer graduate exams at four courses in their school. The AI passed all four, but with an average grade of C . The University of Minnesota group noted ChatGPT was good at addressing "basic legal rules" and summaries, but it floundered when trying to pinpoint issues relevant in a case. When faced with business management questions in a different study, the generator was "amazing" with simple operations management and process analysis questions, but it couldn't handle advanced process questions. It even made mistakes with sixth-grade-level math – something other AI authors have struggled with.


Japan tightens Russia sanctions, expands export ban list

Al Jazeera

Japan has tightened its sanctions against Russia following its latest wave of missile attacks in Ukraine, adding goods to an export ban list and freezing the assets of Russian officials and entities. The decision on Friday comes after Russia launched missile attacks across Ukraine on Thursday, killing at least 11 people, following a pledge by Germany and the United States to supply tanks that could help Kyiv counter a new Russian offensive. "In light of the situation surrounding Ukraine and to contribute to international efforts to secure peace, Japan will implement export bans in line with other major nations," Japan's Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry said in a press release. Among the new sanctions, Japan will prohibit shipments of items to 49 organisations in Russia from February 3 that could be used to enhance Moscow's military capability. Those will include products ranging from water cannons, gas exploration equipment and semiconductor equipment to vaccines, X-ray inspection equipment, explosives and robots, the ministry said.


U.S. wobbles under burden of keeping too many classified secrets

The Japan Times

The discovery of classified documents at the homes of Donald Trump, Joe Biden and Mike Pence has rekindled a debate about an old habit of the U.S. government -- slapping millions of documents every year with labels of "secret," "top secret" and other confidential designations. Nuclear secrets, names of spies, diplomatic cables: governments everywhere carefully protect information that could compromise security, names of agents or relations with other nations. But in the United States, the machinery of secrecy works overtime. Every year, some 50 million decisions are made on whether to mark government documents as "confidential," "secret" or "top secret," according to several experts. However, "an awful lot of classified documents are not that sensitive," said Bruce Riedel, a former CIA officer currently at the Brookings Institution think tank.


Could an Emerging Deep Learning Modality Enhance CCTA Assessment of Coronary Artery Disease?

#artificialintelligence

Keya Medical has launched the DeepVessel FFR, a software device that utilizes deep learning to facilitate fractional flow reserve (FFR) assessment based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Cleared by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the DeepVessel FFR provides a three-dimensional coronary artery tree model and estimates of FFR CT value after semi-automated review of CCTA images, according to Keya Medical. The company said the DeepVessel FFR has demonstrated higher accuracy than other non-invasive tests and suggested the software could help reduce invasive procedures for coronary angiography and stent implantation in the diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment of coronary artery disease. Joseph Schoepf, M.D., FACR, FAHA, FNASCI, the principal investigator of a recent multicenter trial to evaluate DeepVessel FFR, says the introduction of the modality in the United States dovetails nicely with recent guidelines for the diagnosis of chest pain. "I am excited to see the implementation of DeepVessel FFR. It comes together with the 2021 ACC/AHA Chest Pain Guidelines' recognition of the elevated diagnostic role of CCTA and FFR CT for the non-invasive evaluation of patients with stable or acute chest pain," noted Dr. Schoepf, a professor of Radiology, Medicine, and Pediatrics at the Medical University South Carolina.


Louisiana Jeffrey Dahmer copycat sentenced for Grindr dating app scheme to kidnap, murder men

FOX News

On a recent episode of Dr. Phil, the host spoke with some of Jeffrey Dahmer's victims and showed them an interview he filmed with the father of one of America's most infamous serial killers. A 21-year-old Louisiana man has been sentenced to 45 years in prison after plotting a Jeffrey Dahmer-like scheme to meet men on the gay dating app Grindr and kill them, according to federal officials. Chance Seneca of Lafayette Parish targeted one particular victim, as well as other gay men, through the app in 2020 because of their sexual orientation and gender, the Justice Department said. "The facts of this case are truly shocking, and the defendant's decision to specifically target gay men is a disturbing reminder of the unique prejudices and dangers facing the LGBTQ community today," Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke of the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division said in a Wednesday statement. Clarke continued: "The internet should be accessible and safe for all Americans, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation. We will continue to identify and intercept the predators who weaponize online platforms to target LGBTQ victims and carry out acts of violence and hate."


Quantum Computers Could Solve Countless Problems--And Create a Lot of New Ones

TIME - Tech

One of the secrets to building the world's most powerful computer is probably perched by your bathroom sink. At IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center in New York State's Westchester County, scientists always keep a box of dental floss--Reach is the preferred brand--close by in case they need to tinker with their oil-drum-size quantum computers, the latest of which can complete certain tasks millions of times as fast as your laptop. Inside the shimmering aluminum canister of IBM's System One, which sits shielded by the same kind of protective glass as the Mona Lisa, are three cylinders of diminishing circumference, rather like a set of Russian dolls. To work properly, this chip requires super-cooling to 0.015 kelvins--a smidgen above absolute zero and colder than outer space. Most materials contract or grow brittle and snap under such intense chill.


Ukraine sounds country-wide alarms amid Russian drone strikes; Western tank training to begin

FOX News

'Special Report' panelists discuss the impact of the Abrams tanks for Ukrainian forces amid the Russian onslaught. Ukraine sounded alarms across the country on Thursday after Russia launched a wave of missile and drone strikes, officials said. Air sirens were also heard in the country's capital city of Kyiv, where missile defense systems successfully struck down 15 targets. There were no immediate reports of injuries. Ukrainian military general Serhii Popko said missiles were fired "in the direction of Kyiv," but did not disclose if Russia was intending to target government buildings or something else.