Nuclear


Robots to the rescue!

Robohub

Robots and drones can be deployed quickly in areas deemed too unsafe for humans and are used to guide rescuers, collect data, deliver essential supplies or provide communication services. IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices, and its SC 47F: Micro electromechanical systems, are responsible for compiling a wide range of International Standards for the semiconductor devices used in sensors and the MEMS essential to the safe operation of drone flights. IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery, prepares International Standards covering specifications for rotating electrical machines, while IEC TC 91: Electronics assembly technology, is responsible for standards on electronic assembly technologies including components. In addition to IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices and IEC SC 47F: Microelectromechanical systems, mentioned above, other IEC TCs involved in standardization work for specific areas affecting rescue and disaster relief robots include IEC TC 44: Safety of machinery – Electrotechnical aspects; IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery; IEC TC 17: Switchgear and controlgear; and IEC TC 22: Power electronic systems and equipment.


IBM Is Clueless About AI Risks

#artificialintelligence

"The impact of AI is evident in the debate about its societal implications--with some fearful prophets envisioning massive job loss, or even an eventual AI'overlord' that controls humanity. "When you actually do the science of machine intelligence, and when you actually apply it in the real world of business and society--as we have done at IBM to create our pioneering cognitive computing system, Watson--you understand that this technology does not support the fear-mongering commonly associated with the AI debate today." But it requires hard work to solve the AI control problem to make sure increasingly autonomous AI would stop and return control to humans when those critical decisions need to be made." On the potential for poorly designed AI to create problems for humanity as it grows to eventually exceed human capabilities in virtually every area, Russell made mention of other notable "fearful prophets," including Alan Turing, the founder of computer science; Norbert Weiner, the mathematical pioneer of modern automation; Marvin Minsky, one of the "founding fathers" of AI itself; Bill Gates and Elon Musk--two of the "leading technologists of the last 50 years"--and "a great many of the current leaders of AI research."


'Petya' cyber attack: Chernobyl's radiation monitoring system hit by worldwide hack

The Independent

Though the attack began in the country – and most of the damage is still being done there – it is rapidly spreading across the world, hitting firms across Europe and America. The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar.


First counterterror drill for drone attack held at nuclear plant in Ehime

The Japan Times

Some 60 people from the police and Japan Coast Guard participated in the exercise at the Ikata nuclear power plant, which simulated a drone launched from a boat planting a makeshift explosive device on the premises of reactor 3. Officials of Shikoku Electric Power Co., which runs the plant, and members of the bomb disposal unit in the Ehime Prefectural Police also took part. "We took into account the serious situation regarding terrorism in conducting this drill, and I think it is important to prepare for the unpredictable," said Hideto Murase, the local security chief of the Ehime Prefectural Police. Shikoku Electric plans to finish building by March 2020 a facility that is capable of withstanding major terror attacks, such as those involving intentional aircraft crashes, and preventing the release of radioactive materials.


VIDEO: Watch Drone Footage Of Fukushima's Rebuilding Post-Nuclear Disaster

International Business Times

The government in Fukushima, Japan released drone footage Thursday showing the progression made in the area's rebuilding process six years after an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear meltdown devastated the region. The prefectural government announced recently it had made "tremendous progress" in revitalization efforts, allowing some residents to return to evacuated areas. Read: 'Unimaginable' Nuclear Radiation Inside Fukushima So Destructive, Not Even Robots Can Survive Officials began welcoming residents back to towns nearby the defunct power plant in April, six years after 160,000 residents were evacuated from a 310 square mile uninhabitable zone. A home sits inside the uninhabitable zone caused by the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, Japan, Feb. 26, 2016.


Putting Ethics into the Machine (Part 1) - Netopia

#artificialintelligence

As Professor Shanahan makes clear, perhaps the greatest potential risk is the lack of human restraint in the system and the potential for'it' – the system – to make decisions that have an impact on us without our knowing. As Professor Shanahan and Dr Cave pointed out, with more Artificial Intelligence technology embedded in the system the risk is that we lose control of technology, with the potential process of machine'evolution' increasing this risk to the possible detriment of humanity. With the potential process of machine'evolution', the risk is that we lose control of technology'We all know about computer viruses and computer viruses that can become increasingly intelligent, that can be made to be increasingly intelligent – they can also be made so that they can improve themselves so that they can "evolve" in which case they can change in unpredictable ways,' says Professor Shanahan. Gary McGraw of the computer security software company Cigital, says: 'In some cases the beta software is doing things such as controlling nuclear power stations.'


New METI chief wants Japan to take lead in self-driving tech

The Japan Times

Asked if the government can achieve its targets for nuclear power and renewable energy included in the country's best energy mix for fiscal 2030, which was adopted by METI in July 2015, Seko offered assurances that nuclear plant safety measures tightened under the new standards introduced in July 2013 are sufficient, and that the Nuclear Regulation Authority conducts rigorous safety screenings regardless of government policy. The energy mix sets Japan's reliance on nuclear power in the year to March 2031 at 20 to 22 percent and that on solar, wind and other renewable energy at 22 to 24 percent. The nuclear safety standards were drawn up based on lessons from the March 2011 crisis at the Fukushima No. To disseminate the benefits of Abenomics to the countryside, the government will help small companies improve their productivity and strengthen their management foundations through the introduction of information technology, Seko said.


No Technology -- Not Even Tesla's Autopilot -- Can Be Completely Safe

#artificialintelligence

Instead, what a car crash and a nuclear power plant have in common is an engineering conundrum shared by many other complex technological systems. The safer you make a technological system -- the more obvious, known risks you eliminate -- the more likely it is that you've accidentally inserted unlikely, unpredictable failure points that could, someday, come back to bite you in the ass. All the more so because the people operating the system don't expect the failure. Tesla's autopilot is designed to make sure that the human driver is nominally still in charge.


Kenji Kawaguchi, Yu Maruyama and Xiaoyu Zheng (2016) Global Continuous Optimization with Error Bound and Fast Convergence

#artificialintelligence

This paper considers global optimization with a black-box unknown objective function that can be non-convex and non-differentiable. This paper proposes a new global optimization algorithm, called Locally Oriented Global Optimization (LOGO), to aim for both fast convergence in practice and finite-time error bound in theory. Further, we modify the LOGO algorithm to specifically solve a planning problem via policy search with continuous state/action space and long time horizon while maintaining its finite-time error bound. We apply the proposed planning method to accident management of a nuclear power plant.


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ZDNet

Aerial drones get all the attention, but a new terrestrial drone named the Pegasus:Multiscope is an autonomous treaded vehicle that its makers call "the first unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) for off-road use." Use cases for the Pegasus:Multiscope include surveying challenging terrain for civil engineering projects or agriculture, or in hazardous areas such as near nuclear power stations or in conflict zones. The UGV's treads reduce ground pressure at any one point, allowing the vehicle, which weighs just under 2000 pounds, to traverse any type of terrain, including mud, sand or snow. Contractor Oshkosh Defense designs solutions to turn existing military vehicles into UGV.