Nuclear


Can Artificial Intelligence Save The Nuclear Industry?

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Attitudes about nuclear energy are changing, with pundits on both sides of the aisle touting its benefits for extremely efficient and relatively clean energy. Despite an ever more positive public opinion, the nuclear industry in the United States, the largest in the world, is currently experiencing a downturn, even going so far as to need government subsidies to keep afloat. In fact, at present the fastest growing sector of the nuclear industry is profiting not off of growth, but off of the nuclear sector's slow death in the United States. According to reporting by Bloomberg, "the fastest growing part of the nuclear industry in the U.S. involves a small but expanding group of companies that specialize in tearing reactors down faster and cheaper than ever before." Tearing down old nuclear reactors is no easy feat, however.


AI improves crack detection in nuclear reactors

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As I write this, Futurama's Bender is on my TV expressing his opinions about the flaws of us humans. Although he may take it a little farther than I would, it's true that we don't have the best natural detection capabilities. And when you're talking about detecting structural flaws in something like a nuclear reactor, human error isn't something with which I'd want to take a chance. Luckily, technology is able to help us with this, and it's sure to be much more helpful than Bender the Robot. A system in development at Purdue University is poised to help operators detect cracks and their severity in nuclear reactors, according to a recent article by Chris Adam.


Cleaning up nuclear slay is an glaring job for robots – TheSportMail

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SOME PEOPLE fear about robots taking work far from human beings, however there are a pair of jobs that even these sceptics admit most folk would no longer favor. One is cleansing up radioactive slay, in particular when it's miles internal a nuclear vitality self-discipline--and in particular if the vitality self-discipline in quiz has suffered a recent accident. These that gain contend with radioactive arena topic must first don protective suits that are inherently cumbersome and are additional encumbered by the air hoses wanted to allow the wearer to breathe. Even then their working hours are strictly restricted, in relate to resolve far from prolonged exposure to radiation and because operating in the suits is intelligent. Moreover, some forms of slay are too dangerous for even the besuited to intention safely.


Cleaning up nuclear slay is an glaring job for robots – TheSportMail

#artificialintelligence

SOME PEOPLE fear about robots taking work far from human beings, however there are a pair of jobs that even these sceptics admit most folk would no longer favor. One is cleansing up radioactive slay, in particular when it's miles internal a nuclear vitality self-discipline--and in particular if the vitality self-discipline in quiz has suffered a recent accident. These that gain contend with radioactive arena topic must first don protective suits that are inherently cumbersome and are additional encumbered by the air hoses wanted to allow the wearer to breathe. Even then their working hours are strictly restricted, in relate to resolve far from prolonged exposure to radiation and because operating in the suits is intelligent. Moreover, some forms of slay are too dangerous for even the besuited to intention safely.


Opinion Artificial Intelligence needs to become less and less artificial

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AI (Artificial Intelligence) is everywhere and it's here to stay. Along with these consumer applications, companies across sectors are increasingly harnessing AI's power for productivity growth and innovation. There are many who believe that AI has the potential to become more significant than even the internet. Availability of enormous amount of data combined with huge leap in computational power and huge improvements in engineering skills should help AI, backed with deep learning, to make huge impact across various facets of human life. Amid all the hype, genuine and inflated, around the world of AI, it is pertinent to ask an important question.


Artificial Intelligence and International Security: The Long View Ethics & International Affairs Cambridge Core

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How will emerging autonomous and intelligent systems affect the international landscape of power and coercion two decades from now? Will the world see a new set of artificial intelligence (AI) hegemons just as it saw a handful of nuclear powers for most of the twentieth century? Will autonomous weapon systems make conflict more likely or will states find ways to control proliferation and build deterrence, as they have done (fitfully) with nuclear weapons? And importantly, will multilateral forums find ways to engage the technology holders, states as well as industry, in norm setting and other forms of controlling the competition? The answers to these questions lie not only in the scope and spread of military applications of AI technologies but also in how pervasive their civilian applications will be.


AI technology improves critical crack detection in nuclear reactors, bridges, buildings

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A tiny crack in a nuclear reactor, skyscraper, bridge or dam can cause catastrophic consequences. The Minneapolis bridge collapse, which killed 13 people in 2007, is just one example of what can happen when structural integrity is compromised. Unidentified or under-identified structural damage in nuclear reactors can be cataclysmic. Inspection of critical systems such as nuclear reactors is complicated and time-consuming. Videos captured by an automatic crack detection system can easily misidentify small scratches or welds as cracks, so technicians must review videos frame by frame.


Bomb-laden drones of Yemen's Houthi rebels seen threatening Arabian Peninsula

The Japan Times

DUBAI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES - A Yemen rebel drone strike this week on a critical Saudi oil pipeline shows that the otherwise-peaceful sandy reaches of the Arabian Peninsula now are at risk of similar assault, including an under-construction nuclear power plant and Dubai International Airport, among the world's busiest. U.N. investigators said the Houthis' new UAV-X drone, found in recent months during the Saudi-led coalition's war in Yemen, likely has a range of up to 1,500 km (930 miles). That puts the far reaches of both Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the two main opponents of the Iranian-allied Houthi rebels in Yemen, within reach of drones difficult to detect and track. Their relatively simple design, coupled with readily available information online, makes targeting even easier, analysts say. "These installations are easily findable, like on Google Earth," said Tim Michetti, an expert on illicit weapons technology with experience in Yemen.


Let's Push Things Forward: A Survey on Robot Pushing

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

We argue that pushing is an essential motion primitive in a robot's manipulative repertoire. Consider, for instance, a household robot reaching for a bottle of milk located in the back of the fridge. Instead of picking up every yoghurt, egg carton, or jam jar obstructing the path to create space, the robot can use gentle pushes to create a corridor to its lactic target. Moving larger obstacles out of the way is even more important to mobile robots in environments as extreme as abandoned mines (Ferguson et al., 2004), the moon (King, 2016), or for rescue missions as for the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. In order to save cost, space, or reduce payload, such robots are often not equipped with grippers, meaning that prehensile manipulation is not an option. Even in the presence of grippers, objects may be too large or too heavy to grasp. In addition to the considered scenarios, pushing has numerous beneficial applications that come to mind less easily. For instance, pushing is effective at manipulating objects under uncertainty (Brost, 1988; Dogar and Srinivasa, 2010), and for pre-grasp manipulation, allowing robots to bring objects into configurations where they can be easily grasped (King et al., 2013). Less existential, yet highly interesting and entertaining, dexterous pushing skills are also widely applied and applauded in robot soccer (Emery and Balch, 2001).


UK scientists use drones to survey forest 1,600ft from Chernobyl

Daily Mail - Science & tech

One of the most radioactive places on Earth has been mapped in unprecedented detail, thanks to a team of British scientists equipped with the latest in drone technology. Chernobyl's Red Forest remains highly irradiated 33 years on from the catastrophic accident at the number-4 nuclear reactor. Experts led by the UK's National Centre for Nuclear Robotics and the University of Bristol used drones fitted with custom-built radiation detectors to create 3D maps of the area, some of which lies just 1,600ft (500m) from the power plant. Their efforts revealed previously undetected radiation'hotspots', where radioactive material from the fallout has gathered over the years. Around 70,000 tourists visited the Chernobyl exclusion zone last year, which stretches over 1,000 square miles (2,600 sq km).