Utilities


Robots to the rescue!

Robohub

Robots and drones can be deployed quickly in areas deemed too unsafe for humans and are used to guide rescuers, collect data, deliver essential supplies or provide communication services. IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices, and its SC 47F: Micro electromechanical systems, are responsible for compiling a wide range of International Standards for the semiconductor devices used in sensors and the MEMS essential to the safe operation of drone flights. IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery, prepares International Standards covering specifications for rotating electrical machines, while IEC TC 91: Electronics assembly technology, is responsible for standards on electronic assembly technologies including components. In addition to IEC TC 47: Semiconductor devices and IEC SC 47F: Microelectromechanical systems, mentioned above, other IEC TCs involved in standardization work for specific areas affecting rescue and disaster relief robots include IEC TC 44: Safety of machinery – Electrotechnical aspects; IEC TC 2: Rotating machinery; IEC TC 17: Switchgear and controlgear; and IEC TC 22: Power electronic systems and equipment.


IBM Is Clueless About AI Risks

#artificialintelligence

"The impact of AI is evident in the debate about its societal implications--with some fearful prophets envisioning massive job loss, or even an eventual AI'overlord' that controls humanity. "When you actually do the science of machine intelligence, and when you actually apply it in the real world of business and society--as we have done at IBM to create our pioneering cognitive computing system, Watson--you understand that this technology does not support the fear-mongering commonly associated with the AI debate today." But it requires hard work to solve the AI control problem to make sure increasingly autonomous AI would stop and return control to humans when those critical decisions need to be made." On the potential for poorly designed AI to create problems for humanity as it grows to eventually exceed human capabilities in virtually every area, Russell made mention of other notable "fearful prophets," including Alan Turing, the founder of computer science; Norbert Weiner, the mathematical pioneer of modern automation; Marvin Minsky, one of the "founding fathers" of AI itself; Bill Gates and Elon Musk--two of the "leading technologists of the last 50 years"--and "a great many of the current leaders of AI research."


'Petya' cyber attack: Chernobyl's radiation monitoring system hit by worldwide hack

The Independent

Though the attack began in the country – and most of the damage is still being done there – it is rapidly spreading across the world, hitting firms across Europe and America. The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar.


First counterterror drill for drone attack held at nuclear plant in Ehime

The Japan Times

Some 60 people from the police and Japan Coast Guard participated in the exercise at the Ikata nuclear power plant, which simulated a drone launched from a boat planting a makeshift explosive device on the premises of reactor 3. Officials of Shikoku Electric Power Co., which runs the plant, and members of the bomb disposal unit in the Ehime Prefectural Police also took part. "We took into account the serious situation regarding terrorism in conducting this drill, and I think it is important to prepare for the unpredictable," said Hideto Murase, the local security chief of the Ehime Prefectural Police. Shikoku Electric plans to finish building by March 2020 a facility that is capable of withstanding major terror attacks, such as those involving intentional aircraft crashes, and preventing the release of radioactive materials.


David Carpenter: Purpose driven to the core

MIT News

When he first reported to MIT's Nuclear Reactor Laboratory (NRL) as an undergraduate in 2002, David Carpenter anticipated a challenging research opportunity. After 15 years at the NRL conducting research and earning degrees in nuclear science and engineering, Carpenter's appetite for scientific discovery remains sharp, as does his commitment to improving both the performance and safety of current and next-generation nuclear reactors. "The design is intrinsically safe because the fuel doesn't melt, and the salt can withstand high temperatures without requiring thick, pressurized containment buildings," he says. The challenges to designing this new kind of reactor involve finding optimal construction materials, since super-hot radioactive salt is highly corrosive.


Dr Rustam Stolkin and robots that learn: Nuclear robotics meets machine learning

Robohub

To find out more, we talked to Dr Rustam Stolkin, Royal Society Industry Fellow for Nuclear Robotics, Professor of Robotics at the University of Birmingham, and Director at A.R.M Robotics Ltd, about his work combining machine learning and robotics to create practical solutions to nuclear problems. My work focuses on developing advanced robotics technologies for nuclear decommissioning, demolishing legacy nuclear sites, and safely packaging, storing and monitoring any radiological or contaminated materials. They have an enormous diversity of scenes, materials, and objects that nuclear decommissioning robots must interact with in complex ways, such as by grasping and cutting objects. Using robots also reduces "secondary nuclear waste"; for every one container filled with actual primary nuclear waste, more than ten containers become filled with contaminated plastic suits, respirators, rubber gloves, and other "secondary waste" from human entries.


The Risk and Reward of Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

In studying the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, Yale sociologist Charles Perrow concluded that conventional engineering approaches to ensuring safety – building-in more warnings and safeguards – will always fail in the face of increasing system complexity. He called the nuclear accident a "normal accident." Similarly, the Chernobyl accident in 1986, the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster in 2003, the 2008 financial crisis and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011 are, in fact, perfectly normal. We just don't know when or how a black swan will show up.


Marsupial Robots Ain't Cuddly, But They Are Totally Brilliant

WIRED

If you want to put an eye out, by all means, fly a quadcopter indoors. These are the so-called marsupial robots: A drone as the baby tethered safely to the mother robot, in this case the military-grade PackBot tracked vehicle. "The nice thing about the tethered UAVs is that people in the chemical and nuclear industry don't freak the minute you say you're going to fly a UAV indoors," says Murphy. After all, pretty much everything in a decommissioned plant can explode.


Renault-Nissan developing a fleet of self-driving EVs

Engadget

Luckily, the Renault-Nissan Alliance has teamed with a company called Transdev to develop a fleet of self-driving vehicles "for future public and on-demand transportation," it said in a press release. The project will kick off with autonomous field testing of Europe's most popular EV, the 250-mile-range Renault Zoe. The vehicles will be tested initially at Paris-Saclay, a public and private research campus and university south of Paris. With the open spaces and access to research facilities, university campuses have been popular spots for autonomous cars -- the University of Michigan even created a fake city to test them.


Artificial Intelligence is shaping the future of Energy - Open Energi

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In the UK, large fossil fuelled power stations are being replaced by increasing levels of widely distributed wind and solar generation. We have spent the last 6 years working with some of the UK's leading companies to manage their flexible demand in real-time and help balance electricity supply and demand UK-wide. Using artificial intelligence and machine learning means we can find creative ways to reschedule the power consumption of many assets in synchrony, helping National Grid to balance the system while minimising the cost of consuming that power for energy users. Artificial Intelligence can help us to unlock this demand-side flexibility and build an electricity system fit for the future; one which cuts consumer bills, integrates renewable energy efficiently, and secures our energy supplies for generations to come.