The study, done with researchers at Boston Children's Hospital, found a correlation between poor pre-reading skills in kindergartners and the size of a brain structure that connects two language-processing areas. Previous studies have shown that in adults with poor reading skills, this structure, known as the arcuate fasciculus, is smaller and less organized than in adults who read normally. When comparing the brain scans and the results of several different types of pre-reading tests, the researchers found a correlation between the size and organization of the arcuate fasciculus and performance on tests of phonological awareness -- the ability to identify and manipulate the sounds of language. The researchers plan to follow three waves of children as they progress to second grade and evaluate whether the brain measures they have identified predict poor reading skills.
A 2014 Gallup Poll puts a positive spin on the rise of Americans' satisfaction with our education system stating that 48% of Americans are satisfied. This is not something to be celebrated. Our education system needs an extensive overhaul. The standards put on all students do not measure a student's true knowledge. The type of testing mandated does not test to students' abilities but rather how well they know how to take a test. Teachers are leaving the profession in droves due to the immense work load, low pay, lack of support and insurmountable requirements to advance student performance. It is nearly impossible to meet all students' needs in a classroom with 22 plus students who have specific individual requirements. In any given classroom a teacher will encounter students with dyslexia, autism, ADHD, dyspraxia, auditory learners, visual learners, English as a Second Language learners, and the list goes on. This does not take into account the required professional development classes, countless ARD (Admission, Review, & Dismissal committee) and IEP (Individualized Education Plan) meetings to accommodate for each child. Not to mention the many hours of Parent/Teacher conferences to discuss student progress and behavior issues.