Higher Education


WayUp Is a Booming Job-Hunting Site for Millennials

TIME

"I thought it was crazy that Anheuser-Busch needed a sophomore to help them with hiring mechanical engineering students for their full time jobs," she says. Wessel is the CEO and cofounder of WayUp, an online platform connecting college students and recent graduates with potential employers. To join, a student or recent graduate starts by filling out a profile with personal information, work experience, hobbies, and fun facts about themselves. "Students are starting to define their own career identities thematically rather than along the more rigid lines that previous generations might have," says Pulin Sanghvi, executive director of Princeton University's Office of Career Services.


Potential and Peril

Communications of the ACM

More recently, lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS) powered by artificial intelligence (AI) have begun to surface, raising ethical issues about the use of AI and causing disagreement on whether such weapons should be banned in line with international humanitarian laws under the Geneva Convention. The campaign defines three types of robotic weapons: human-in-the-loop weapons, robots that can select targets and deliver force only with a human command; human-on-the-loop weapons, robots that can select targets and deliver force under the oversight of a human operator who can override the robots' actions; and human-out-of-the-loop weapons, robots that are capable of selecting targets and delivering force without any human input or interaction. Reporting on a February 2016 round-table discussion on autonomous weapons, civilian safety, and regulation versus prohibition among AI and robotics developers, Heather Roff, a research scientist in the Global Security Initiative at Arizona State University with research interests in the ethics of emerging military technologies, international humanitarian law, humanitarian intervention, and the responsibility to protect, distinguishes automatic weapons from autonomous weapons. Roff describes initial autonomous weapons as limited learning weapons that are capable both of learning and of changing their sub-goals while deployed, saying, "Where sophisticated automatic weapons are concerned, governments must think carefully about whether these weapons should be deployed in complex environments.


UC Berkeley researchers teach computers to be curious

Engadget

This obviously works well for dogs (all of whom are good) but it does present a significant shortcoming when training neural networks: the AI will only pursue high reward actions no matter what, even to the detriment of its overall efficiency. The UC Berkeley team's AI, however, has been imbued with the ability to make decisions and take action even when there isn't an immediate payoff. To train the AI, the researchers taught it to play Super Mario Bros. and VizDoom. We've already got Google training neural networks to design and generate baby neural nets, researchers at Brigham Young University teaching them to cooperate, and now this advancement enabling AI to teach itself.


The Future of Jobs and Jobs Training

#artificialintelligence

Automation, robotics, algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) in recent times have shown they can do equal or sometimes even better work than humans who are dermatologists, insurance claims adjusters, lawyers, seismic testers in oil fields, sports journalists and financial reporters, crew members on guided-missile destroyers, hiring managers, psychological testers, retail salespeople, and border patrol agents. A recent study by labor economists found that "one more robot per thousand workers reduces the employment to population ratio by about 0.18-0.34 When Pew Research Center and Elon University's Imagining the Internet Center asked experts in 2014 whether AI and robotics would create more jobs than they would destroy, the verdict was evenly split: 48% of the respondents envisioned a future where more jobs are lost than created, while 52% said more jobs would be created than lost. This survey noted that employment is much higher among jobs that require an average or above-average level of preparation (including education, experience and job training); average or above-average interpersonal, management and communication skills; and higher levels of analytical skills, such as critical thinking and computer skills. A focus on nurturing unique human skills that artificial intelligence (AI) and machines seem unable to replicate: Many of these experts discussed in their responses the human talents they believe machines and automation may not be able to duplicate, noting that these should be the skills developed and nurtured by education and training programs to prepare people to work successfully alongside AI.


5 EBooks to Read Before Getting into A Machine Learning Career

@machinelearnbot

Note that, while there are numerous machine learning ebooks available for free online, including many which are very well-known, I have opted to move past these "regulars" and seek out lesser-known and more niche options for readers. The book has wide coverage of probabilistic machine learning, including discrete graphical models, Markov decision processes, latent variable models, Gaussian process, stochastic and deterministic inference, among others. The material is excellent for advanced undergraduate or introductory graduate course in graphical models, or probabilistic machine learning. One of these target audiences is university students(undergraduate or graduate) learning about machine learning, including those who are beginning a career in deep learning and artificial intelligence research.


Daryl Bem Proved ESP Is Real

Slate

If one had to choose a single moment that set off the "replication crisis" in psychology--an event that nudged the discipline into its present and anarchic state, where even textbook findings have been cast in doubt--this might be it: the publication, in early 2011, of Daryl Bem's experiments on second sight. McConnell, the founding president of the Parapsychological Association, told Bem the evidence for ESP was in fact quite strong. Randi subsequently took aim at researchers who studied ESP in the lab, sending a pair of stage performers into a well-funded parapsychology lab at Washington University in 1979. What could be done to make ESP research more reliable, researchers asked, and more resilient to fraud?


New Deep Learning Book Finished, Finalized Online Version Available

@machinelearnbot

In a recent Facebook post, book co-author Ian Goodfellow has announced that, after 2.5 years of work, the MIT Press book Deep Learning has been completed. In fact, the entire first part of the book is dedicated to building the technical foundation required to study deep learning. The book covers a technical topic, and covers it accordingly. So, whether you have had a look at the book in the past and wondered when it would be finished, or you are just being introduced to the book for the first time via this post, go have a look at MIT Press' Deep Learning, read the finalized online version, and anticipate the printed copy coming in the (hopefully) near future.


Deep Learning Reinvents the Hearing Aid

#artificialintelligence

To produce a better experience for hearing aid wearers, my lab at Ohio State University, in Columbus, recently applied machine learning based on deep neural networks to the task of segregating sounds. We began with a theory from Albert Bregman, a psychologist at McGill University in Montreal, Canada, who proposed in 1990 that the human auditory system organizes sounds into distinct streams. This principle, among others, is exploited in MP3 files to shrink the files to one-tenth of their original size by removing masked sounds (such as the ticking clock, in this case) without users noticing the omission. Nevertheless, the fact that the ideal binary mask dramatically improved speech comprehension for both hearing-impaired listeners and those with normal hearing had a profound implication.


California State University's grad stole features a pretty brutal spelling error

Mashable

Graduation is full of questions: What am I doing with my life? New slogan-- "California State University: We're Doing Our Best." Nothing instills comfort in the heads and hearts of parents (and students) who spent tens of thousands of dollars on an education like showing up to the grad ceremony and finding out their money went to Califorina State University. That being said: of all the states out there, California is definitely a tricky one to spell.


Classroom Earth: Drones over Death Valley

MIT News

Using innovative iPad-enabled drone technology, MIT Professor Kristin Bergmann conducted the fieldwork component of her 12.110B (Sedimentary Environments) course as a week-long spring break trip to explore the Carrara Formation in California's Death Valley. I decided to take the class and drones back to the Carrara Formation to test how drones can help with mapping lateral changes in ancient environments. Bergmann was accompanied by senior Geographic Information Systems (GIS) specialist Daniel Sheehan from the GIS Lab, which is part of the MIT Libraries. The trip, which ran from March 25 through April 1, brought students to three locations -- the Last Chance Range outside of Pahrump, Nevada, and two California sites: Eagle Mountain near Death Valley Junction and Emigrant Pass near Tecopa.