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Aerospace & Defense


'Largest drone war in the world': How airpower saved Tripoli

Al Jazeera

Air power has played an increasingly important role in the Libyan conflict. The relatively flat featureless desert terrain of the north and coast means that ground units are easily spotted, with few places to hide. The air forces of both the United Nations-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) and eastern-based commander Khalifa Haftar and his self-styled Libyan National Army (LNA) use French and Soviet-era fighter jets, antiquated and poorly maintained. While manned fighter aircraft have been used, for the most part the air war has been fought by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones. With nearly 1,000 air strikes conducted by UAVs, UN Special Representative to Libya Ghassan Salame called the conflict "the largest drone war in the world".


Embracing AI in your quality journey

#artificialintelligence

We all know Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are transforming business. It's clear that many companies are rewiring their organisations and creating dedicated teams to capitalise on AI. Although this shift has been happening, up until this point it has been doing so on the fringes, or inconsistently. The development platforms, vast processing power and data storage that enable AI are becoming increasingly affordable and more "off the shelf." Companies are beginning to grasp how to cope with the inherit risks of AI, yet have only just begun to think about how AI can improve every aspect of their value chain.


DarwinAI Announces Strategic Collaboration with Lockheed Martin

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DarwinAI, the explainable AI company located in Waterloo, Canada, announced a strategic collaboration with global aerospace leader Lockheed Martin that seeks to improve Lockheed Martin's customers' understanding of AI solutions. Explainable AI (XAI) or "explainability" attempts to illuminate how neural networks – complex constructions that mimic the human brain – reach their decisions. The lack of understanding around AI's decision-making process has hampered the widespread adoption of AI. In response to this industry-wide impasse, DarwinAI created an explainability platform for deep learning development powered by its proprietary technology, GenSynth Explain. In addition to improving neural network efficiencies, the platform can dramatically reduce the time it takes to produce robust and accurate models through the insights it generates.


Space exploration's next frontier: Remote-controlled robonauts

The Japan Times

As Japan's second female astronaut to fly up in the Space Shuttle Discovery, Naoko Yamazaki didn't expect to spend a quarter of her time dusting, feeding mice and doing other menial jobs.


boeing unveils first loyal wingman combat drone prototype with artificial intelligence

#artificialintelligence

'this project is an excellent example of innovation through collaboration and what can be achieved working together with defence industry,' said air marshal hupfeld. 'this demonstrates the importance of the relationship air force has with boeing australia and defence industry more broadly. I look forward to exploring the capabilities this aircraft may bring to our existing fleet in the future.'


Inspired by cheetahs, researchers build fastest soft robots yet

#artificialintelligence

Inspired by the biomechanics of cheetahs, researchers have developed a new type of soft robot that is capable of moving more quickly on solid surfaces or in the water than previous generations of soft robots. The new soft robotics are also capable of grabbing objects delicately--or with sufficient strength to lift heavy objects. "Cheetahs are the fastest creatures on land, and they derive their speed and power from the flexing of their spines," says Jie Yin, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at North Carolina State University and corresponding author of a paper on the new soft robots. "We were inspired by the cheetah to create a type of soft robot that has a spring-powered, 'bistable' spine, meaning that the robot has two stable states," Yin says. "We can switch between these stable states rapidly by pumping air into channels that line the soft, silicone robot. Switching between the two states releases a significant amount of energy, allowing the robot to quickly exert force against the ground. This enables the robot to gallop across the surface, meaning that its feet leave the ground. "Previous soft robots were crawlers, remaining in contact with the ground at all times.


AI takes flight: Artificial Intelligence and Aviation -- AI Daily - Artificial Intelligence News

#artificialintelligence

Generative design – The aircraft designs of the future will be very different to those of today thanks to generative design. Generative design is an AI-based software that mimics nature's evolutionary approach to design. It involves the designer inputting a'problem' into design software like Autodesk Fusion (inputting limiting parameters like dimensions and weight). The program then uses AI to conjure the best solutions (designs) to the'problem'. Generative design produces'impossible concepts' – with complex shapes and lattices that produce a structure lighter, stronger and more aerodynamic than any design produced by a human – not least very different looking.


Researchers build the world's fastest 'soft' robot, THREE TIMES faster than the last record holder

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Engineers at North Carolina State University have achieved a new record for the fastest moving soft robot. A team from the university's Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering department created a robot capable of moving 2.7 times its own body length each second, more than three times faster than the previous record of 0.8 times body length per second. The tiny robot--it weighs just 1.5 ounces and measures 2.7 inches long--was designed to run like a cheetah, with four bent legs and a long flexible torso made from silicone. A team of engineers at North Carolina State University developed a small'soft' robot modeled after a cheetah, which uses silicone bands to expand and contract in a galloping motion that mimics a cheetah's movement'We were inspired by the cheetah to create a type of soft robot that has a spring-powered, "bistable" spine, meaning that the robot has two stable states,' North Carolina State's Jie Yin told Eurekalert. 'We can switch between these stable states rapidly by pumping air into channels that line the soft, silicone robot.


'Spaceship Earth' revisits controversial Biosphere experiment

Boston Herald

Biosphere 2 was touted as a new Noah's Ark, a new Garden of Eden, a way to test how humans might colonize other worlds and study the effects of greenhouse gasses on Biosphere 1 -- aka the Earth. Eight carefully vetted and uniquely skilled "Biospherians" would enter the gleaming glass and steel vivarium in the desert in Oracle, Ariz., (that's right) in 1991 and spend two years inside the sealed environment with plants and animals, even a coral reef, collected from all over the world and try to sustain themselves with what they could harvest inside. It was a real-life version of the prophetic 1972 science-fiction film "Silent Running" from director Douglas Trumbull ("2001: A Space Odyssey") and co-writers Michael Cimino ("Heaven's Gate") and Steve Bochco (TV's "Hill Street Blues"). But were the "Biospherians" really scientists? Or were they the offshoot of a cult-like group that had started life as a pseudo-theater collective in hippie-era San Francisco led by a "genius" named John Allen, who is described by one enthusiastic at first follower as a "mind musician"?


Australian military gets first drone that can fly with artificial intelligence

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Hong Kong (CNN)Australia has its first "loyal wingman." Boeing Australia presented the country's Air Force on Tuesday with a prototype of a jet-powered drone that they hope will one day fly alongside manned warplanes while bringing artificial intelligence to the battlefield. The Loyal Wingman, at 38-foot-long (11.5 meters) and with a range of 2,000 miles (3,218.6 kilometers), will "use artificial intelligence to fly independently, or in support of manned aircraft, while maintaining safe distance between other aircraft," according to Boeing's website on the project. The drones will be able to engage in electronic warfare as well as intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance missions and swap quickly between those roles, according to Boeing. The aircraft delivered in Sydney on Tuesday is the first of three prototypes Boeing is producing.