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AI could provide the 'ultimate second opinion' as scientists say it is just as good as doctors at analysing X-rays

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Artificial intelligence could provide the'ultimate second opinion' as it is just as good as doctors at analysing X-rays, scientists have claimed. Tests using AI software on millions of old scans diagnosed conditions at least as accurately as radiologists 94 per cent of the time. The joint study by Warwick University and King's College London suggested it could prove vital in avoiding human error when checking patients' results. The AI software, which can scan X-rays as soon as they are taken, is able to understand the seriousness of each condition and flag the more urgent ones immediately. The study's authors suggested it could be used to screen X-rays, freeing up time for busy doctors to focus on more critical patients and helping deal with chronic NHS staffing shortages.


Fasting could reduce signs of Alzheimer's disease, studies suggest: 'Profound effects'

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com. It's been proven that what people eat can help prevent or slow Alzheimer's disease -- but what about when they eat? Participating in intermittent (time-restricted) fasting could lead to a reduced risk of cognitive deterioration, a recent study published in the journal Cell Metabolism suggests. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine adjusted the feeding schedule of certain groups of mice so that they only ate within six-hour windows each day.


Robot chemist could create oxygen needed for colonizing Mars: study

FOX News

The Mars rover Perseverance captured a dust devil moving across the rim of a crater. A robot chemist powered by artificial intelligence could solve the puzzle of providing oxygen to humans on Mars, according to the results of a new study. The study, published in Nature Synthesis, found that an AI robot could quickly figure out how to cook up vital oxygen for survival compared to humans, who would take a lifetime to complete such a task. The reason, according to the paper, is there are more than a million potential oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts on Mars, which would give humans too many possibilities to work with when trying to create oxygen. Adding to the problem would be communication with Earth to solve the problems, with transmissions taking as long as 20 minutes to travel between the home planet and Mars.


Generative AI can save marketing professionals 5 hours per week, research says

ZDNet

Marketing professionals are bullish on the impact of generative AI but still investigating and learning about the effective use of the technology and safety, according to the latest research from Salesforce. Salesforce surveyed over 1,000 marketers representing companies of a variety of sizes and sectors in the U.S., U.K., and Australia, as part of its Generative AI Snapshot Series and found that 51% are currently using generative AI. Also: The impact of generative AI on software team productivity is... complicated Generative AI-related skills and trusted first-party data are important requirements for successful generative AI adoption and usage within marketing. The importance of human oversight in the execution of generative AI in its respective roles is also a requirement given the current state of output can be inaccurate and potentially biased. Generating new content using AI large language models is easy work.


Scientists unveiled breakthrough tiny robots made from HUMAN CELLS that could repair tissue damage to treat Alzheimer's

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Scientists have developed tiny robots using human cells that could one day patrol our bodies, searching for and healing diseased cells and tissue. So-called'anthrobots,' assembled from human cells can repair damage to brain cells in a dish, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Advanced Science. Scientists at Tufts University in Massachusetts developed the SIZE robots to heal diseases, but foresee the technology repairing cell and tissue damage from conditions such as Alzheimer's. These bots - whose name means'human robots' - were made from human airway cells. To build the anthrobots, scientists started with samples of the cells that line human lungs.


Revealed: The jobs most likely to be taken by ROBOTS - so, is your profession at risk?

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The idea of a robot taking your job might sound like science fiction. But a new study suggests it could soon become a reality for many Britons. The study, by the Department for Education, has revealed the jobs most likely to be taken by robots. However, there's sports players, roofers, and steel erectors can all rest easy, with the study suggesting these professions are the safest from the advance of AI technology. The idea of a robot taking your job might sound like science fiction.


How Google and OpenAI prompted GPT-4 to deliver more timely answers

ZDNet

A hallmark of popular generative artificial intelligence programs such as ChatGPT is that they have a time cut-off in terms of which facts they have absorbed. For example, OpenAI recently updated its GPT-4 program to have access to data about events that took place up until April 2023; prior to that update, the tool was trained only on data from as recently as 2021. AI scientists, however, are working on ways to allow generative AI programs to reliably access ever-changing data about timely and pressing questions, such as, "What is King Gizzard's most recent studio album?" (Answer: The Silver Cord.) In that spirit, Google and OpenAI this month published a joint effort called FreshLLM that induces GPT-4 to use information retrieved from Google searches. The core of FreshLLM is a new method for prompting a language model, called "FreshPrompt," which includes results from a search engine.


AI model could help predict lung cancer risks in non-smokers, study finds: 'Significant advancement'

FOX News

Doctors believe Artificial Intelligence is now saving lives, after a major advancement in breast cancer screenings. A.I. is detecting early signs of the disease, in some cases years before doctors would find the cancer on a traditional scan. Among the latest artificial intelligence innovations in health care, a routine chest X-ray could help identify non-smokers who are at a high risk for lung cancer. The study findings will be presented this week at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) in Chicago. Researchers from the Cardiovascular Imaging Research Center (CIRC) at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Harvard Medical School in Boston developed a deep learning AI model using 147,497 chest X-rays of asymptomatic smokers and never-smokers.


Hate tidying? Scientists develop a cleaning ROBOT that can pick up messy clothes strewn across the bedroom

Daily Mail - Science & tech

It's a problem that drives the parents of most teenagers mad. But clothes piled up on the bedroom floor may soon be a problem of the past as scientists have developed a cleaning robot to pick up dirty laundry. Scientists from UC Berkeley say their clothes-collecting bot solves the'Teenagers Problem; of how to most efficiently pick up mess. Using a combination of colour and depth-sensing cameras the robot collects laundry into piles before finding the best place to grab the clothes. Professor Ken Goldberg, the study's lead author, says that this technology could become commercially available in the decade, meaning we may soon all have a robotic helper around the house.


Why it pays to be a chatty mum: Babies start learning language BEFORE birth, study finds

Daily Mail - Science & tech

If you're an expectant mother, chatting as much as possible could give your baby a headstart when it comes to learning to talk. That's because new research has found your unborn son or daughter will start learning the language you speak before they're even born. In experiments, researchers discovered heightened activity in the brains of newborns when they heard the language they were exposed to most often in utero. The study didn't look at exactly when babies become receptive to spoken language while they are still in the womb, although it's well known that a foetus starts hearing sounds in the later stages of the second trimester and the start of the third. Therefore, expectant mothers – and fathers too – should not be afraid to chat away, and even talk directly to their baby bump.