New Finding


Popular robots 'dangerously easy' to hack, experts warn

Daily Mail

The machines studied include robots from Softbank Robotics, UBTECH Robotics, Universal Robotics, Asratec Corp, ROBOTIS, and Rethink Robotics. UBTECH Robotic's Alpha 1 (pictured) was among the affected robots The Alpha 1S and Alpha 2 robots from UBTECH Robotics - which makes machines for the home and office - did as well. It was found that most of the robots tested were using insecure communication, meaning it's possible hackers could easily intercept communications and steal confidential information, compromise key components of the robot ecosystem, hack the robot and more. Some robots' mobile applications were even found to be sending exposed private information - including mobile network information, device information and current GPS location - remote servers without user consent.


DC research finds 'I spy' game can do wonders for babies

Daily Mail

The researchers in Washington, D.C., said parents should forget garbling at their newborns in baby speak. The researchers in Washington, D.C., said parents should forget garbling at their newborns in baby speak. In experimental models, enriched environments supported brain health by increasing the volume and length of myelinated fibers, the volume of myelin sheaths and by boosting total brain volume. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) reveals that professional pianists who began playing as children have improved white matter integrity and plasticity, Gallo and Forbes said.


OpenAI Baselines: ACKTR & A2C

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The authors use ACKTR to learn control policies for simulated robots (with pixels as input, and continuous action spaces) and Atari agents (with pixels as input and discrete action spaces). This release includes an OpenAI baseline release of ACKTR, as well as a release of A2C. This feature is particularly favorable for large scale distributed training, in which large batch sizes are used. The Asynchronous Advantage Actor Critic method (A3C) has been very influential since the paper was published.


Artificial intelligence predicts dementia before onset of symptoms

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Scientists from the Douglas Mental Health University Institute's Translational Neuroimaging Laboratory at McGill used artificial intelligence techniques and big data to develop an algorithm capable of recognizing the signatures of dementia two years before its onset, using a single amyloid PET scan of the brain of patients at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. Dr. Pedro Rosa-Neto, co-lead author of the study and Associate Professor in McGill's departments of Neurology & Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, expects that this technology will change the way physicians manage patients and greatly accelerate treatment research into Alzheimer's disease. This will greatly reduce the cost and the time necessary to conduct these studies," adds Dr. Serge Gauthier, co-lead author and Professor of Neurology & Neurosurgery and Psychiatry at McGill. To conduct their study, the McGill researchers drew on data available through the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), a global research effort in which participating patients agree to complete a variety of imaging and clinical assessments.


Watch Hackers Hijack Three Robots for Spying and Sabotage

WIRED

At the Hack in the Box security conference later this week in Singapore, Argentinian security researchers Lucas Apa and Cesar Cerrudo plan to demonstrate hacker attacks they developed against three popular robots: the humanoid domestic robots known as the Alpha2 and NAO, as well as a larger, industrial-focused robotic arm sold by Universal Robots. In terms of actual, physical danger, the most serious of the three attacks Cerrudo and Apa developed affects Universal Robots' "collaborative" robots. That earlier study found more than 50 hackable security vulnerabilities in robots and robotics software sold by companies that also included Rethink Robots, Robotis, and Arsatec. Earlier this year, another team of researchers from Italy's Politecnico Milano showed that they could take over an even larger, potentially more dangerous industrial robot arm, the 220-pound ABB IRB140.


Next-Gen Technology Separates Digital Leaders From The Rest

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According to the SAP Center for Business Insight report "SAP Digital Transformation Executive Study: 4 Ways Leaders Set Themselves Apart," in collaboration with Oxford Economics, 97% of the 3,100 surveyed executives are not successful in realizing that digital vision. Big Data and analytics, the Internet of Things, and machine learning: a higher percentage of digital leaders are integrating these innovations into their core infrastructure. "For example, the SAP Digital Transformation Executive Study found that nearly 50% of top executives in the manufacturing industry see investment in digital skills and technology as the most important revenue growth driver in the next two years. For more insight on digital leaders, check out the SAP Center for Business Insight report, conducted in collaboration with Oxford Economics, "SAP Digital Transformation Executive Study: 4 Ways Leaders Set Themselves Apart."


AIs that learn from photos become sexist

Daily Mail

In the fourth example, the person pictured is labeled'woman' even though it is clearly a man because of sexist biases in the set that associate kitchens with women Researchers tested two of the largest collections of photos used to train image recognition AIs and discovered that sexism was rampant. However, they AIs associated men with stereotypically masculine activities like sports, hunting, and coaching, as well as objects sch as sporting equipment. 'For example, the activity cooking is over 33 percent more likely to involve females than males in a training set, and a trained model further amplifies the disparity to 68 percent at test time,' reads the paper, titled'Men Also Like Shopping,' which published as part of the 2017 Conference on Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing. A user shared a photo depicting another scenario in which technology failed to detect darker skin, writing'reminds me of this failed beta test Princeton University conducted a word associate task with the algorithm GloVe, an unsupervised AI that uses online text to understand human language.


Humanoid Robot Sweats to Keep Cool

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The University of Tokyo robot, called Kengoro, can send small amounts of water through porous metal bones to prevent its numerous motors from overheating. Developed by mechano-informatics professor Masayuki Inaba and his team at the University of Tokyo's Jouhou System Kougaku Laboratory, the humanoid robot contains 108 motors and a bunch of other necessary gear. The channels work something like "sweat glands" that send water through its uniquely porous frame. "Our concept was adding more functions to the frame, using it to transfer water, release heat and at the same time support forces."


Machine-learning algorithms can dramatically improve ability to predict suicide attempts

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After a meta-analysis, or a synthesis of the results in these published studies, they found that no single risk factor had clinical significance in predicting suicidal ideation, attempts or completion. The authors also found that the ability of researchers to find factors that predict suicidal thoughts and behaviors did not improve over the 50 years they surveyed, and that some of the most popular factors to study--including mood disorders, substance abuse and demographics--are some of the weakest predictors. "Few would expect hopelessness measured as an isolated trait-like factor to accurately predict suicide death over the course of a decade," the researchers write. Colin Walsh, an internist and data scientist at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, along with FSU's Franklin and Ribeiro, looked at millions of anonymized health records and compared 3,250 clear cases of nonfatal suicide attempts with a random group of patients.


Fintech Use Reaching 'Mass Adoption' Among Digital Consumers

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Leveraging digital technology, combined with personalized solutions, fintech firms are differentiating the customer banking experience. The ability to combine multiple financial services within singular platforms provides China a significant platform for fintech growth, which was apparent in the research. The EY study found that there is significant positive sentiment among consumers around fintech solutions, with estimated adoption expected to exceed 50% globally. In addition to potential joint ventures, acquisitions and investments into fintech firms, incumbent financial services firms can learn from or acquire the services of fintech firms to enhance existing offerings," The Digital Banking Report, The Challenger Bank Battlefield, provides insight into more than 30 fintech challenger banking organization globally.