Experimental Study



Making Artificial Intelligence A Force For Positive Change In The Workplace

#artificialintelligence

Do labor-saving and cognitive technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) make life better in workplaces, do they make things boring, or do they eliminate workplaces altogether? Some recent studies show mixed feelings about the potential impact. But if implemented with employees having to say ...


Making Artificial Intelligence A Force For Positive Change In The Workplace

#artificialintelligence

Do labor-saving and cognitive technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) make life better in workplaces, do they make things boring, or do they eliminate workplaces altogether? Some recent studies show mixed feelings about the potential impact. But if implemented with employees having say in ...


4 Ways IBM Watson's Artificial Intelligence Is Changing Healthcare

#artificialintelligence

Some say that artificial intelligence (AI) will radically change healthcare in the future. And they're right. But that prediction overlooks an important detail: AI is already significantly changing healthcare. IBM (NYSE:IBM) Watson Health general manager Deborah DiSanzo spoke at the annual J. P. Mo...


Manipulating and Measuring Model Interpretability

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Despite a growing body of research focused on creating interpretable machine learning methods, there have been few empirical studies verifying whether interpretable methods achieve their intended effects on end users. We present a framework for assessing the effects of model interpretability on users via pre-registered experiments in which participants are shown functionally identical models that vary in factors thought to influence interpretability. Using this framework, we ran a sequence of large-scale randomized experiments, varying two putative drivers of interpretability: the number of features and the model transparency (clear or black-box). We measured how these factors impact trust in model predictions, the ability to simulate a model, and the ability to detect a model's mistakes. We found that participants who were shown a clear model with a small number of features were better able to simulate the model's predictions. However, we found no difference in multiple measures of trust and found that clear models did not improve the ability to correct mistakes. These findings suggest that interpretability research could benefit from more emphasis on empirically verifying that interpretable models achieve all their intended effects.


Meet the Company Trying to Democratize Clinical Trials With AI

#artificialintelligence

A decade ago, Pablo Graiver was working as a VP at Kayak, the online airfare aggregator, when he sat down to dinner with an old friend--a heart surgeon from his home country of Argentina. The talk turned to how tech was doing more to save folks a few bucks on a flight to Rome than to save people's l...



Study finds popular face ID systems may have racial bias

Daily Mail

Tech giants have made some major strides in advancing facial recognition technology. It's now popping up in smartphones, laptops and tablets, all with the goal of making our lives easier. But a new study, called 'Gender Shades,' has found that it may not be working for all users, especially those ...


Study finds gender and skin-type bias in commercial artificial-intelligence systems

MIT News

Three commercially released facial-analysis programs from major technology companies demonstrate both skin-type and gender biases, according to a new paper researchers from MIT and Stanford University will present later this month at the Conference on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency. In ...


A fish that barely sleeps could help turn humans into all-night party animals

Popular Science

There's something about the blind Mexican cavefish that will make you quite jealous: To survive and thrive, they require just two hours of sleep each night; no more, no less. Imagine everything you could do with those extra six hours. Among all the animals in the world that need their zzz's, specie...