Research Report


Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language

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Negotiating in a new language As Fast Co. Design reports, Facebook's researchers recently noticed its new AI had given up on English. "Agents will drift off from understandable language and invent code-words for themselves," Fast Co. Design reports Facebook AI researcher Dhruv Batra said. AI language translates human ones In a separate case, Google recently improved its Translate service by adding a neural network. While they appear nonsensical, the results observed by teams such as Google Translate indicate they actually represent the most efficient solution to major problems.


Do You Have AI Trust Issues?

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The truth is that increasing numbers of consumers each year are putting their trust into machines that gather data about them and then use it to understand their behavior and preferences in far quicker, easier and often more accurate ways than human beings ever could. Indeed, a recent study conducted by my employer among 6,000 global consumers, found that 88 percent of respondents wanted to be told whether they were interacting with a real person or a machine when they received customer service help. Instead, the process will involve humans working alongside AI to generate insights, predict behavior and make recommendations that will have a significant impact on the way that we as consumers interact with organizations. Only when that question has been answered and that obstacle overcome will organizations be able to harness the power of humans and machines working together to provide truly seamless customer experiences.


Being smarter means you are more likely to use stereotypes

Daily Mail

The participants were shown male faces with varying facial features, such as wide and narrow noses, along with descriptions of their past behaviour, such as'sent flowers to someone who was sick,' or'laughed and jeered at a homeless person.' Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk tool, the researchers conducted six online experiments, including a total of 1,257 participants. Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk tool, the researchers conducted six online experiments, including a total of 1,257 participants. 'Finding that higher pattern detection ability puts people at greater risk to detect and apply stereotypes, but also to reverse them, implicates this ability as a cognitive mechanism underlying stereotyping,' Freeman says.


Autism Test: Eye Movement May Help Diagnose Developmental Disorder

International Business Times

The University of Rochester Medical Center explained that the researchers designed their experiment so that a person's eyes would naturally overshoot the target as they tried to track the visual. As the experiment went on, a healthy person's eyes would adjust to overcome that design and make more precise movements, while people with autism did not -- their eyes kept missing the target. "The inability of the brain to adjust the size of eye movement may not only be a marker for cerebellum dysfunction, but it may also help explain the communication and social interaction deficits that many individuals with [autism spectrum disorder] experience." Doctors might be able to track eye movements to detect the developmental disorder autism, which would help them diagnose the condition earlier.


Utilizing A.I., Machine Learning to Better Understand Schizophrenia

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The algorithms sifted through de-identified brain functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) data from an initiative called the Function Biomedical Informatics Research Network. The neuroimaging information used in this study was of 95 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders as well as individuals that served as a healthy control group. Essentially, the machine learning algorithms were able to explore these scans to create a model of schizophrenia that pinpoints brain connections most associated with the illness. The data also indicated that the diagnostic could distinguish between patients with schizophrenia and the control group with 74 percent accuracy, even as these images were collected from multiple sites through different means.


Global consumers reaching a better understanding of artificial intelligence and its impact on daily life

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There is a general consensus that artificial intelligence's impact on the daily lives of consumers today represents a tip of the iceberg of what is to come in five years or more. "The bottom line is no matter where you look in the world, people understand and appreciate the value that AI technology is delivering and what it might deliver in the future. For example, one quarter of Siri users did not know that Siri is an AI powered personal assistant and those surveyed lacked awareness of AI-style tech driving channels like Facebook and Netflix. The impact that AI will have on jobs is difficult to predict, according to the report, but consumers questioned believe that manufacturing and banking jobs are most under threat, while jobs in science and healthcare are the safest.


Robust Algorithms for Machine Learning - DZone AI

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One approach is to design more robust algorithms where the testing error is consistent with the training error, or the performance is stable after adding noise to the dataset. For example, using "r" as a measure of similarity in the registration of low-contrast images can produce cases where "close to unity" means 0.998 and "far from unity" means 0.98, and there's no way to compute a p-value due to the extremely non-Gaussian distributions of pixel values involved. Robust statistics are also called nonparametric precisely because the underlying data can have almost any distribution and they will still produce a number that can be associated with a p-value. So while losing signal information can reduce the statistical power of a method, degrading gracefully in the presence of noise is an extremely nice feature to have, particularly when it comes time to deploy a method into production.


Alcohol may improve memory in social drinkers

Daily Mail

While the reason for this remains unclear, researchers suggest that alcohol may block the learning of new information, giving the brain more resources to lay down recently learned information into long-term memory. Participants watched a video of a staged theft, where a man and a woman entered a house and stole some jewellery, money and a laptop. In March, researchers from Glasgow Caledonian University and London South Bank University found that if alcohol is consumed after witnessing a crime it can protect memory from misleading information. In the study, participants watched a video of a staged theft, where a man and a woman entered a house and stole some jewellery, money and a laptop.


Dogs go through a 'stroppy teenage phase'

Daily Mail

It follows a previous study that identified a genetic marker in dogs that sets them apart from wolves when it comes to human interaction, suggesting dogs developed a genetic condition through domestication that causes them to be so sociable. The findings challenge previous research that suggests dogs were domesticated twice by separate groups living in east and western Eurasia, instead revealing all modern dogs descended from animals that were domesticated by people living in Eurasia 20,000-40,000 years ago. In the study led by Princeton University biologist Bridgett von Holdt and researchers at Oregon State University, the team put 18 domesticated dogs and 10 captive human-socialized wolves to the test using problem-solving tasks. 'The genetic basis for the behavioural divergence between dogs and wolves has been poorly understood, especially with regard to dogs' success in human environments,' said Monique Udell, an animal scientist at Oregon State University.


Grant Gochnauer: Awesome Humans -- Issue #100 – Awesome Humans – Medium

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Dementia: Mediterranean Diet Could Help Stop Alzheimer's -- fortune.com New research suggests a Mediterranean diet could cut the risk for dementia and Alzheimer's. Despite executing the best growth practices, picking the low hanging fruit, and having a great team, they struggle to grow. AI investment has turned into a race for patents and intellectual property (IP) among the world's leading tech companies. "If you wanted to power the entire United States with solar panels, it would take a fairly small corner of Nevada or Texas or Utah; you only need about 100 miles by 100 miles of solar panels to power the entire United States," Musk said during his keynote conversation on Saturday at the event in Rhode Island.