Collaborating Authors

Research Report

The animals that boost your chances of love on dating apps - and those that will have people swiping left (and it's bad news for dog lovers!)

Daily Mail - Science & tech

When it comes to curating a dating profile, singletons may spend countless hours deciding which photographs show their best angles. But experts now suggest that attraction really is just about the animals you're shot with, as 76 per cent of daters would be tempted to swipe right if a feline featured. Dating app, FindingTheOne, polled 2,000 of its users on their preferences and pet peeves when it comes to furry friends online. While dogs are usually deemed a man's best friend, results show they're certainly not the best wingmen, as just 41 per cent of users were tempted to date a pup's parent. Meanwhile, a startling 62 per cent wouldn't mind falling for a snake or lizard owner - and 23 per cent even find them'sexy'.

Dinosaurs may NOT have been wiped out by world-ending meteor: New model says mega volcano eruption may have caused their extinction

Daily Mail - Science & tech

A new model has revealed that a mega volcano eruption drove the dinosaurs to extinction -- not the infamous Chicxulub meteor that smashed into the Yucatán Peninsula over 66 million years ago. Scientists from Dartmouth University designed a simulation that used real-world geological data to crunch more than 300,000 possible scenarios. The system was prompted to explain the fossil records across the one million years before and after dinosaurs became extinct. The model revealed that climate change and toxic gases from the Deccan Traps' hundreds of thousands of years of emissions were the nail in the coffin for the extinct creatures. India's'Deccan Traps' mega-volcano, estimated to have pumped as much as 10.4 trillion tons of carbon dioxide and 9.3 trillion tons of sulfur dioxide into Earth's atmosphere during their nearly million years of eruptions.

OpenAI introduces voice and image prompts to ChatGPT

Al Jazeera

OpenAI is bringing audio and image capabilities to ChatGPT. The platform, which has long been limited to written prompts, will be adding the new features over the next two weeks to paid versions of the app, OpenAI announced in a blog post on Monday. Everyone else will be receiving the features "soon after". Users can have voice conversations with the chatbot, bringing it closer to popular AI assistants such as Apple's Siri and Amazon's Alexa. ChatGPT's new voice feature can also narrate bedtime stories, settle debates at the dinner table and speak out loud text input from users.

Is this the key to finding life beyond Earth? Scientists develop an AI system that can detect aliens with 90% accuracy

Daily Mail - Science & tech

For centuries, humankind has been captivated by the thought of life on other planets. But how will we recognise it when we see it? Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence system that can detect signs of life with 90 per cent accuracy. And they say it signifies a'significant advance' in our abilities to discover life across the solar system and beyond. Many of the components necessary for life, such as amino acids and nucleotides needed to make DNA, have been detected in space.

Jellyfish are not the 'simple creatures' once thought: New study may change an understanding of our own brains

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on Jellyfish could be much smarter than scientists previously thought, asserts a new study published in the journal Current Biology. Poisonous Caribbean box jellyfish can learn at a far more complex level than ever imagined, despite only having 1,000 nerve cells and no centralized brain, according to new research from the University of Copenhagen. Scientists say their findings change the fundamental understanding of the brain -- and could reveal more about human cognitive functions and the process of dementia.

Locating Everyday Objects Using NFC Textiles

Communications of the ACM

This paper builds a Near-Field Communication (NFC) based localization system that allows ordinary surfaces to locate surrounding objects with high accuracy in the near-field. While there is rich prior work on device-free localization using far-field wireless technologies, the near-field is less explored. Prior work in this space operates at extremely small ranges (a few centimeters), leading to designs that sense close proximity rather than location. We propose TextileSense, a near-field beamforming system that can track everyday objects made of conductive materials (for example, a human hand) even if they are a few tens of centimeters away. We use multiple flexible NFC coil antennas embedded in ordinary and irregularly shaped surfaces we interact with in smart environments--furniture, carpets, and so forth. We design and fabricate specialized textile coils woven into the fabric of the furniture and easily hidden by acrylic paint. We then develop a near-field blind beam-forming algorithm to efficiently detect surrounding objects, and use a data-driven approach to further infer their location. A detailed experimental evaluation of TextileSense shows an average accuracy of 3.5 cm in tracking the location of objects of interest within a few tens of centimeters from the furniture. This paper seeks to build a Near-Field Communication (NFC) MIMO beamforming system that can accurately localize objects, with or without NFC capability in the near-field. While there has been rich prior work on the device and device-free localization in the far-field, for instance, using technologies such as Bluetooth,1 mm-wave,5 ultrasound,3 RFID,15 and visible light,16 much less exploration exists in the near-field. However, near-field technologies have significant advantages that are worth exploring: (1) their shorter range raises less privacy implications compared to the far-field counterparts; and (2) technologies such as NFC are ubiquitous in our smartphones as well as battery-free everyday objects (for example, credit cards, ID cards, and so on).

3 things to understand how AI might help develop new, cost-effective drug treatments

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on The life sciences industry is right to be optimistic about the potential of generative AI. Biotech startups are already testing AI-generated drugs in clinical trials with human patients. Researchers have estimated that AI-powered drug discovery could drive as much as $50 billion in economic value over the next decade.

Google's AI system won't answer negative questions about Vladimir Putin asked in Russian - but gladly makes argument about Trump being racist

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Google's mission statement is to make the'world's information universally accessible' - but that hasn't stopped it from self-censoring to avoid offending Russia. A new study has shown the search giant's artificial intelligence chatbot, Bard, mostly refuses to answer critical questions about Russian President Vladimir Putin. In fact, it won't answer 90 percent of queries regardless of how offensive or inoffensive they are. One of the two researchers in Switzerland who did the test believe Google is being'pushed' by the Kremlin to censor anything critical about the Russian regime. Google's artificial intelligence chatbot, Bard, mostly refuses to answer critical questions about Russian President Vladimir Putin Mykola Makhortykh, a post-doctoral lecturer at the University of Bern and one of the researchers, told 'My personal opinion is that Google might have been pushed by the Russian government to censor some of the results which were critical to the Kremlin similar to how it was done by Yandex.'

U.K. Competition Watchdog Signals Cautious Approach to AI Regulation

TIME - Tech

A report published this week by the U.K.'s Competition & Markets Authority (CMA) has raised concerns about the potential ways the artificial intelligence industry could become monopolized or harm consumers in future, but stressed that it is too soon to tell whether these scenarios would materialize. The issues raised by the report highlight the difficulties policymakers face in governing AI, a source of both huge potential commercial value and many risks. Rishi Sunak, the British Prime Minister, is pushing for the U.K. to occupy a central role in international AI policy discussions, with a particular focus on risks from advanced AI systems. If the U.K. competition watchdog decides to start taking action against AI developers, tech companies around the world could be affected. The report, published on Monday, focuses on foundation models, which the CMA defines as "a type of AI technology that are trained on vast amounts of data that can be adapted to a wide range of tasks and operations." Examples include text-generating AI models, such as GPT-3.5, the model that powers OpenAI's ChatGPT, as well as image-generating AI models, such as Stable Diffusion.