To represent a 3D scene from a 2D image, a light field network encodes the 360-degree light field of the 3D scene into a neural network that directly maps each camera ray to the color observed by that ray. The new machine-learning system can generate a 3D scene from an image about 15,000 times faster than other methods. Humans are pretty good at looking at a single two-dimensional image and understanding the full three-dimensional scene that it captures. Artificial intelligence agents are not. Yet a machine that needs to interact with objects in the world -- like a robot designed to harvest crops or assist with surgery -- must be able to infer properties about a 3D scene from observations of the 2D images it's trained on.
Many Americans might not realize that driverless tractor-trailers are currently navigating the nation's highways, hitting the open road with absolutely nobody behind the wheel. Many of us have ridden in a smaller car -- like a Tesla -- that has a driverless feature, but to be in a large freight truck that is maneuvering through cities and highways is a completely different ballgame. It's the future of the industry, but the future is already here. Autonomous driving technology company TuSimple was founded in San Diego in 2015 with a mission to improve the safety and efficiency of the trucking industry. TuSimple is a developer of heavy-duty, self-driving trucks and the autonomous startup has already created a freight network along the Sun Belt from Phoenix to Houston.
Google's natural language AI is smart enough to define jokes. The ability to understand the nuances of human language will lead to better and more natural interactions with machines. Google wants to educate people about the benefits of these kinds of AI smarts through upcoming devices like its Pixel 7. Amid a flurry of new hardware including the Pixel 7, the Pixel Buds Pro and a new Pixel Tablet, Google dropped one development at its I/O developer conference that went largely unnoticed: Its AI can now understand jokes. Jokes, sarcasm and humor require understanding the subtleties of language and human behavior. When a comedian says something sarcastic or controversial, usually the audience can discern the tone and know it's more of an exaggeration, something that's learned from years of human interaction.
Almost exactly a year ago, Google launched its Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) v4 chips at Google I/O 2021, promising twice the performance compared to the TPU v3. At the time, Google CEO Sundar Pichai said that Google's datacenters would "soon have dozens of TPU v4 Pods, many of which will be operating at or near 90 percent carbon-free energy." Now, at Google I/O 2022, Pichai revealed the blue-ribbon fruit of those labors: a TPU v4-powered datacenter in Mayes County, Oklahoma, that Google says is the world's largest publicly available machine learning hub. "This machine learning hub has eight Cloud TPU v4 Pods, custom-built on the same networking infrastructure that powers Google's largest neural models," Pichai said. Google's TPU v4 Pods consist of 4,096 TPU v4 chips, each of which delivers 275 teraflops of ML-targeted bfloat16 ("brain floating point") performance.
Google I/O 2022, Google's largest developer conference, kicked off with a keynote speech from Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai. The keynote speech had major announcements including the launch of Pixel watch, updates on PaLM and LaMDA, advancements in AR and immersive technology etc. Let us look at the key highlights. "Recently we announced plans to invest USD 9.5 billion in data centers and offices across the US. One of our state-of-the-art data centers is in Mayes County, Oklahoma. I'm excited to announce that, there, we are launching the world's largest, publicly-available machine learning hub for our Google Cloud customers," Sundar Pichai said.
In photography, depth of field refers to how much of a three-dimensional space the camera can focus on at once. A shallow depth of field, for example, would keep the subject sharp but blur out much of the foreground and background. Now, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have taken inspiration from ancient trilobytes to demonstrate a new light field camera with the deepest depth of field ever recorded. Their visual systems were quite complex, including compound eyes, featuring anywhere between tens and thousands of tiny independent units, each with its own cornea, lens and photoreceptor cells. One trilobyte in particular, Dalmanitina socialis, captured the attention of NIST researchers due to its unique compound eye structure.
A marketing degree trains students to effectively and efficiently use advertisements, promotions, and media platforms to reach the public. With more platforms than ever on which to market and advertise products, marketing pros are in demand. Marketing involves appealing to people to sell products, services, and ideas. As a marketer, you'll use research and data methods and strategies to communicate and engage with target audiences. Here are our top picks for online marketing degrees in 2022.
Communication is a natural part of our everyday lives. People interact using voice and text, forming sentences to express what they desire. And yet, most of the search and discovery patterns out there rely on menu items and filter facets. Building on our mission at Booking.com: "Making it easier for everyone to experience the world", the ML & AI Product teams based in Tel Aviv decided to challenge the conventional search patterns by allowing the most natural way for everyone to communicate: using their voice. This is the story of how we built a native in-app voice assistant at Booking.com, and as far as I know, the first voice search available today by a global online travel company.
FedEx plans to test a different method of moving goods between depots starting next year, which could speed up the delivery process. The company has teamed up with Elroy Air, which is developing a vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) cargo drone, to transport packages between sorting centers via autonomous flights. Elroy Air unveiled the Chaparral C1 drone in January. The company claims the hybrid-electric system has a range of up to 300 miles and can carry a load of up to 500 pounds in its cargo pod (so FedEx would need a lot of them if it wants to eventually replace planes). The drone has 12 electric motors and 12 propellers.
Did you miss a session at the Data Summit? This article was contributed by Andrey Bolshakov, founder and CEO of Evocargo. Autonomous vehicles are subject to far more stringent requirements than long-haul truck drivers and their vehicles. After all, there is no margin of error for robots. That is why self-driving cars are tested more thoroughly, even on public roads, and why the media and the public react so strongly when they fail.