If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Industrial managers, engineers, and technologists have many expectations from artificial intelligence and its application to knowledge-based systems. Although the past decade has witnessed a number of innovative applications of AI in manufacturing, the field is still in its infancy and holds even greater promise for the future. The AAAI Press book Artificial Intelligence Applications in Manufacturing, (from which the following article was selected) presents a number of articles that relate to the enhancement of planning and decision making capabilities in today's automated production environments.
The following excerpts are from an interview with Marvin Minsky which took place at his home in Brookline, Massachusetts, on January 23rd, 1991. The interview, which is included in its entirety as a Foreword in the book Understanding Music with AI: Perspectives on Music Cognition (edited by Mira Balaban, Kemal Ebcioglu, and Otto Laske), is a conversation about music, its peculiar features as a human activity, the special problems it poses for the scientist, and the suitability of AI methods for clarifying and/or solving some of these problems. The conversation is open-ended, and should be read accordingly, as a discourse to be continued at another time.
There is substantial evidence that AI technology can meet the requirements of the large potential market that will exist for knowledge-based software engineering at the turn of the century. In this article, which forms the conclusion to the AAAI Press book Automating Software Design, edited by Michael Lowry and Robert McCartney, Michael Lowry discusses the future of software engineering, and how knowledge-based software engineering (KBSE) progress will lead to system development environments. Specifically, Lowry examines how KBSE techniques promote additive programming methods and how they can be developed and introduced in an evolutionary way.
The Second International Workshop on Human and Machine Cognition was held on 9-11 May 1991. Participation was limited to 40 researchers who are principally involved in computer science, philosophy, and psychology. The workshop focused on the foundational and methodological concerns of those who want to forge a robust and scientifically respectable AI and cognitive science. With the theme of "What do androids know, and when do they know it?" the positions covered a wide range and presented a lot of room for disagreement. The debate between the traditional AI and the situated cognition types and the connnectionists was a focal point for discussion during the workshop.