If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Toyota has announced the T-HR3, a brand-new, third-generation humanoid robot. It's 1.5-meter tall, weighs 75 kilograms, and has 32 degrees of torque-controlled freedom plus a pair of 10 fingered hands. At first glance, it appears to be very capable, with excellent balance and coordination, and Toyota has decided to approach autonomy by keeping a human in the loop inside of a sophisticated, immersive "Master Maneuvering System." As with most flagship robotics projects from large Japanese companies, Toyota has done a very good job of not telling anyone about it until they're good and ready, meaning that all we have to go on at the moment is a press release and some basic specs and videos. We've got those to share, along with some thoughts on what this robot is all about, below.
As Google's robotics group (eventually absorbed by Alphabet's advance tech division X) continued to not produce all that much and began slowly losing talent, the rumors were that Boston Dynamics in particular was looking for a new owner, and they've found one, in SoftBank. Here's the press release, which sadly will not tell you all that much more than our headline: SoftBank Group Corp. today announced a subsidiary of SoftBank has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire robotics pioneer Boston Dynamics from Alphabet Inc. Marc Raibert, CEO and founder of Boston Dynamics, said, "We at Boston Dynamics are excited to be part of SoftBank's bold vision and its position creating the next technology revolution, and we share SoftBank's belief that advances in technology should be for the benefit of humanity. As part of the transaction with Alphabet, SoftBank has also agreed to acquire Japanese bipedal robotics company Schaft.
Whether or not it's a realistic or practical or good idea, urban commercial drone delivery is grinding remorselessly toward a thing that is going to happen. It will also help identify what operating rules and safety regulations will be needed to help move the drone industry forward. This is what continues to bug me about how Amazon presents Prime Air: "Prime Air vehicles will take advantage of sophisticated'sense and avoid' technology, as well as a high degree of automation, to safely operate beyond the line of sight to distances of 10 miles or more." Near-term, I have serious doubts about Amazon's "sophisticated sense and avoid technology" and "high degree of automation."
Christian Voolstra, assistant professor of marine science at KAUST's Red Sea Research Center, explained where the idea came from in an interview last year: Currently people use a so-called ROV (remote operated vehicle), which is a little submarine with two robotic arms and very limited dexterity. With current underwater vehicles, "you spent the majority of time keeping the robot stable," Dr. Voolstra told IEEE Spectrum, "rather than focusing on the research task." It's functional for things like oil rigs, but around delicate coral or underwater archaeological sites, it's not something that you can trust to not destructively smash into whatever you're trying into examine. Once the robot has proved itself, Voolstra hopes to use it to study mesophotic coral reefs, which live too deep for humans to explore with SCUBA gear but get passed over in "deep ocean" research.
"In the coming years, Verb aims to develop a comprehensive surgical solutions platform that will incorporate leading-edge robotic capabilities and best-in-class medical device technology for operating room professionals." The SRI press release also says that "Verb Surgical is developing a new robotic surgery platform that will integrate technologies such as advanced imaging, data analysis, and machine learning to enable greater efficiency and improved outcomes across a wide range of surgical procedures," which is interesting because of the reference to machine learning. Ethicon, which has deep expertise in minimally invasive surgery and advanced instrumentation, is developing surgical instruments for Verb Surgical's new robotics-assisted platform. In the coming years, Verb Surgical aims to develop a comprehensive surgical solutions platform that will incorporate leading-edge robotic capabilities and best-in-class medical device technology for operating room professionals.