Marvin Minsky, one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence and a renowned mathematicial and computer scientist, died on Sunday, 24 January 2016 of a cerebral hemmorhage. In this article, AI scientists Kenneth D. Forbus (Northwestern University), Benjamin Kuipers (University of Michigan), and Henry Lieberman (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) recall their interactions with Minksy and briefly recount the impact he had on their lives and their research. A remembrance of Marvin Minsky was held at the AAAI Spring Symposium at Stanford University on March 22. Video remembrances of Minsky by Danny Bobrow, Benjamin Kuipers, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Waldinger, and others can be on the sentient webpage1 or on youtube.com.
Marvin Minsky, one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence and a renowned mathematicial and computer scientist, died on Sunday, 24 January 2016 of a cerebral hemmorhage. He was 88. In this article, AI scientists Kenneth D. Forbus (Northwestern University), Benjamin Kuipers (University of Michigan), and Henry Lieberman (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) recall their interactions with Minksy and briefly recount the impact he had on their lives and their research. A remembrance of Marvin Minsky was held at the AAAI Spring Symposium at Stanford University on March 22. Video remembrances of Minsky by Danny Bobrow, Benjamin Kuipers, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Waldinger, and others can be on the sentient webpage1 or on youtube.com.
The internet has become a resource for adolescents who are distressed by social and emotional problems. Social network analysis can provide new opportunities for helping people seeking support online, but only if we understand the salient issues that are highly relevant to participants personal circumstances. In this paper, we present a stacked generalization modeling approach to analyze an online community supporting adolescents under duress. While traditional predictive supervised methods rely on robust hand-crafted feature space engineering, mixed initiative semi-supervised topic models are often better at extracting high-level themes that go beyond such feature spaces. We present a strategy that combines the strengths of both these types of models inspired by Prevention Science approaches which deals with the identification and amelioration of risk factors that predict to psychological, psychosocial, and psychiatric disorders within and across populations (in our case teenagers) rather than treat them post-facto. In this study, prevention scientists used a social science thematic analytic approach to code stories according to a fine-grained analysis of salient social, developmental or psychological themes they deemed relevant, and these are then analyzed by a society of models. We show that a stacked generalization of such an ensemble fares better than individual binary predictive models.
Agmon, Noa (University of Texas at Austin) | Agrawal, Vikas (Infosys Labs) | Aha, David W. (Naval Research Laboratory) | Aloimonos, Yiannis (University of Maryland, College Park) | Buckley, Donagh (EMC) | Doshi, Prashant (University of Georgia) | Geib, Christopher (University of Edinburgh) | Grasso, Floriana (University of Liverpool) | Green, Nancy (University of North Carolina Greensboro) | Johnston, Benjamin (University of Technology, Sydney) | Kaliski, Burt (VeriSign, Inc.) | Kiekintveld, Christopher (University of Texas at El Paso) | Law, Edith (Carnegie Mellon University) | Lieberman, Henry (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) | Mengshoel, Ole J. (Carnegie Mellon University) | Metzler, Ted (Oklahoma City University) | Modayil, Joseph (University of Alberta) | Oard, Douglas W. (University of Maryland, College Park) | Onder, Nilufer (Michigan Technological University) | O'Sullivan, Barry (University College Cork) | Pastra, Katerina (Cognitive Systems Research Insitute) | Precup, Doina (McGill University) | Ramachandran, Sowmya (Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.) | Reed, Chris (University of Dundee) | Sariel-Talay, Sanem (Istanbul Technical University) | Selker, Ted (Carnegie Mellon University) | Shastri, Lokendra (Infosys Technologies Ltd.) | Smith, Stephen F. (Carnegie Mellon University) | Singh, Satinder (University of Michigan at Ann Arbor) | Srivastava, Siddharth (University of Wisconsin, Madison) | Sukthankar, Gita (University of Central Florida) | Uthus, David C. (Naval Research Laboratory) | Williams, Mary-Anne (University of Technology, Sydney)
The AAAI-11 workshop program was held Sunday and Monday, August 7–18, 2011, at the Hyatt Regency San Francisco in San Francisco, California USA. The AAAI-11 workshop program included 15 workshops covering a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence. The titles of the workshops were Activity Context Representation: Techniques and Languages; Analyzing Microtext; Applied Adversarial Reasoning and Risk Modeling; Artificial Intelligence and Smarter Living: The Conquest of Complexity; AI for Data Center Management and Cloud Computing; Automated Action Planning for Autonomous Mobile Robots; Computational Models of Natural Argument; Generalized Planning; Human Computation; Human-Robot Interaction in Elder Care; Interactive Decision Theory and Game Theory; Language-Action Tools for Cognitive Artificial Agents: Integrating Vision, Action and Language; Lifelong Learning; Plan, Activity, and Intent Recognition; and Scalable Integration of Analytics and Visualization. This article presents short summaries of those events.
Dinakar, Karthik (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) | Jones, Birago (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) | Lieberman, Henry (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) | Picard, Rosalind (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) | Rose, Carolyn (Carnegie Mellon University) | Thoman, Matthew (Northeastern University) | Reichart, Roi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Adolescent cyber-bullying on social networks is a phenomenon that has received widespread attention. Recent work by sociologists has examined this phenomenon under the larger context of teenage drama and it's manifestations on social networks. Tackling cyber-bullying involves two key components – automatic detection of possible cases, and interaction strategies that encourage reflection and emotional support. Key is showing distressed teenagers that they are not alone in their plight. Conventional topic spotting and document classification into labels like "dating" or "sports" are not enough to effectively match stories for this task. In this work, we examine a corpus of 5500 stories from distressed teenagers from a major youth social network. We combine Latent Dirichlet Allocation and human interpretation of its output using principles from sociolinguistics to extract high-level themes in the stories and use them to match new stories to similar ones. A user evaluation of the story matching shows that theme-based retrieval does a better job of finding relevant and effective stories for this application than conventional approaches.
The scourge of cyberbullying has assumed alarming proportions with an ever-increasing number of adolescents admitting to having dealt with it either as a victim or as a bystander. Anonymity and the lack of meaningful supervision in the electronic medium are two factors that have exacerbated this social menace. Comments or posts involving sensitive topics that are personal to an individual are more likely to be internalized by a victim, often resulting in tragic outcomes. We decompose the overall detection problem into detection of sensitive topics, lending itself into text classification sub-problems. We experiment with a corpus of 4500 YouTube comments, applying a range of binary and multiclass classifiers. We find that binary classifiers for individual labels outperform multiclass classifiers. Our findings show that the detection of textual cyberbullying can be tackled by building individual topic-sensitive classifiers.
Anderson, Michael L., Barkowsky, Thomas, Berry, Pauline, Blank, Douglas, Chklovski, Timothy, Domingos, Pedro, Druzdzel, Marek J., Freksa, Christian, Gersh, John, Hegarty, Mary, Leong, Tze-Yun, Lieberman, Henry, Lowe, Ric, Luperfoy, Susann, Mihalcea, Rada, Meeden, Lisa, Miller, David P., Oates, Tim, Popp, Robert, Shapiro, Daniel, Schurr, Nathan, Singh, Push, Yen, John
The Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence presented its 2005 Spring Symposium Series on Monday through Wednesday, March 21-23, 2005 at Stanford University in Stanford, California. The topics of the eight symposia in this symposium series were (1) AI Technologies for Homeland Security; (2) Challenges to Decision Support in a Changing World; (3) Developmental Robotics; (4) Dialogical Robots: Verbal Interaction with Embodied Agents and Situated Devices; (5) Knowledge Collection from Volunteer Contributors; (6) Metacognition in Computation; (7) Persistent Assistants: Living and Working with AI; and (8) Reasoning with Mental and External Diagrams: Computational Modeling and Spatial Assistance.
A long-standing dream of artificial intelligence has been to put commonsense knowledge into computers -- enabling machines to reason about everyday life. Some projects, such as Cyc, have begun to amass large collections of such knowledge. However, it is widely assumed that the use of common sense in interactive applications will remain impractical for years, until these collections can be considered sufficiently complete and commonsense reasoning sufficiently robust. Recently, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Media Laboratory, we have had some success in applying commonsense knowledge in a number of intelligent interface agents, despite the admittedly spotty coverage and unreliable inference of today's commonsense knowledge systems. This article surveys several of these applications and reflects on interface design principles that enable successful use of commonsense knowledge.