Collaborating Authors

Conditional nonlinear planning


"Work-in-progress on the design of a conditional nonlinear planner is described. CNLP is a nonlinear planner that develops plans that account for foreseen uncertainties. CNLP represents an extension of the conditional planning technique of Warren [75] to the domain of nonlinear planning." In ICAPS-92, pp. 189–197.

On Seeing Robots


. It is argued that Situated Agents should be designed using a unitaryon-line computational model. The Constraint Net model of Zhang and Mackworth satisfiesthat requirement. Two systems for situated perception built in our laboratory are describedto illustrate the new approach: one for visual monitoring of a robot’s arm, the other forreal-time visual control of multiple robots competing and cooperating in a dynamic world.First proposal for robot soccer.Proc. VI-92, 1992. later published in a book Computer Vision: System, Theory, and Applications, pages 1-13, World Scientific Press, Singapore, 1993.

Interaction Among Ocularity, Retinotopy and On-center/Off-center Pathways During Development

Neural Information Processing Systems

The development of projections from the retinas to the cortex is mathematically analyzed according to the previously proposed thermodynamic formulation of the self-organization of neural networks. Three types of submodality included in the visual afferent pathways are assumed in two models: model (A), in which the ocularity and retinotopy are considered separately, and model (B), in which on-center/off-center pathways are considered in addition to ocularity and retinotopy. Model (A) shows striped ocular dominance spatial patterns and, in ocular dominance histograms, reveals a dip in the binocular bin. Model (B) displays spatially modulated irregular patterns and shows single-peak behavior in the histograms. When we compare the simulated results with the observed results, it is evident that the ocular dominance spatial patterns and histograms for models (A) and (B) agree very closely with those seen in monkeys and cats.

Associative Memory in a Network of `Biological' Neurons

Neural Information Processing Systems

The Hopfield network (Hopfield, 1982,1984) provides a simple model of an associative memory in a neuronal structure. This model, however, is based on highly artificial assumptions, especially the use of formal-two state neurons (Hopfield,1982) or graded-response neurons (Hopfield, 1984).

CAM Storage of Analog Patterns and Continuous Sequences with 3N2 Weights

Neural Information Processing Systems

Box 808 (L-426), Livermore, Ca. 94550 A simple architecture and algorithm for analytically guaranteed associative memorystorage of analog patterns, continuous sequences, and chaotic attractors in the same network is described. A matrix inversion determines network weights, given prototype patterns to be stored.

Shaping the State Space Landscape in Recurrent Networks

Neural Information Processing Systems

Bernard Victorri ELSAP Universite de Caen 14032 Caen Cedex France Fully recurrent (asymmetrical) networks can be thought of as dynamic systems. The dynamics can be shaped to perform content addressable memories, recognize sequences, or generate trajectories. Unfortunately several problems can arise: First, the convergence in the state space is not guaranteed. Second, the learned fixed points or trajectories are not necessarily stable. Finally, there might exist spurious fixed points and/or spurious "attracting" trajectories that do not correspond to any patterns.