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Can artificial intelligence overcome the challenges of the health care system?

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Even as rapid improvements in artificial intelligence have led to speculation over significant changes in the health care landscape, the adoption of AI in health care has been minimal. A 2020 survey by Brookings, for example, found that less than 1 percent of job postings in health care required AI-related skills. The Abdul Latif Jameel Clinic for Machine Learning in Health (Jameel Clinic), a research center within the MIT Schwarzman College of Computing, recently hosted the MITxMGB AI Cures Conference in an effort to accelerate the adoption of clinical AI tools by creating new opportunities for collaboration between researchers and physicians focused on improving care for diverse patient populations. Once virtual, the AI Cures Conference returned to in-person attendance at MIT's Samberg Conference Center on the morning of April 25, welcoming over 300 attendees primarily made up of researchers and physicians from MIT and Mass General Brigham (MGB). MIT President L. Rafael Reif began the event by welcoming attendees and speaking to the "transformative capacity of artificial intelligence and its ability to detect, in a dark river of swirling data, the brilliant patterns of meaning that we could never see otherwise."


AI may be searching you for guns the next time you go out in public

#artificialintelligence

When Peter George saw news of the racially motivated mass-shooting at the Tops supermarket in Buffalo last weekend, he had a thought he's often had after such tragedies. "Could our system have stopped it?" he said. But I think we could democratize security so that someone planning on hurting people can't easily go into an unsuspecting place." George is chief executive of Evolv Technology, an AI-based system meant to flag weapons, "democratizing security" so that weapons can be kept out of public places without elaborate checkpoints. As U.S. gun violence like the kind seen in Buffalo increases -- firearms sales reached record heights in 2020 and 2021 while the Gun Violence Archive reports 198 mass shootings since January -- Evolv has become increasingly popular, used at schools, stadiums, stores and other gathering spots. To its supporters, the system is a more effective and less obtrusive alternative to the age-old metal detector, making events both safer and more pleasant to attend. To its critics, however, Evolv's effectiveness has hardly been proved. And it opens up a Pandora's box of ethical issues in which convenience is paid for with RoboCop surveillance. "The idea of a kinder, gentler metal detector is a nice solution in theory to these terrible shootings," said Jay Stanley, senior policy analyst for the American Civil Liberties Union's project on speech, privacy, and technology. "But do we really want to create more ways for security to invade our privacy?


Top 10 AI graduate degree programs

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a fast-growing and evolving field, and data scientists with AI skills are in high demand. The field requires broad training involving principles of computer science, cognitive psychology, and engineering. If you want to grow your data scientist career and capitalize on the demand for the role, you might consider getting a graduate degree in AI. U.S. News & World Report ranks the best AI graduate programs at computer science schools based on surveys sent to academic officials in fall 2021 and early 2022. Here are the top 10 programs that made the list as having the best AI graduate programs in the US.


CS Student Uses TikTok Dance Videos and AI to Generate 3D Avatars

#artificialintelligence

Each video in the dataset depicts dynamic movements of a single person while lacking 3D ground truth geometry. University of Minnesota computer science Ph.D. student Yasamin Jafarian has been using TikTok dance videos as food for a computer algorithm that uses the frame-by-frame data to construct lifelike 3D avatars of real people. Jafarian needed a large dataset of videos to "train" the algorithm. TikTok dance videos -- which often feature one person showing the full length of their body in multiple poses -- provided the perfect solution. She used 340 videos in her dataset, each one 10-to-15 seconds long.


How AI is transforming remote cardiac care for patients - MedCity News

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The pandemic accelerated the advancement of artificial intelligence (AI) in remote patient care. Physicians are increasingly using digital patient monitoring to better track health data, identify abnormalities, and provide patient-specific treatment -- all without the need for in-person interaction. Additionally, emergency departments are employing remote monitoring solutions to allow some patients to leave the hospital sooner. These transformative technologies are leading to better outcomes for patients and reduced healthcare costs. AI use cases continue to grow in healthcare, as constant learning and training of algorithms results in smarter technology as well as improved patient experiences. Most AI applications in healthcare use "augmented intelligence," which curates the algorithms' output to provide clinicians with direction on "where to look" when they get the analysis.


An Artificial Intelligence Remedy to Ease Traffic Jam Madness This Summer

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With road trips and domestic travel set to boom this summer, everyone is anticipating to see record levels of people on the road in 2022. While traffic jams seem inevitable in response to pent-up travel demand, a new machine-learning and artificial intelligence-based technology, comprised of a network of video and radar sensors, is proposing a solution to traffic congestion. When traffic management company NoTraffic realized that the traffic light technology used today is severely outdated, it wanted to see if there was a better way of doing things -- starting by combining the current hardware with a smarter software platform. NoTraffic's new technology system is currently being sold to local governments and their departments of transportation, as they work with traffic engineers in the area to address specific needs of intersections and provide oversight to adjust visual meteorological condition algorithms as needed. The company is privately held and does not disclose financials.


Are There a Lot of Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) Jobs Right Now?

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A new breakdown shows that A.I. remains a highly specialized field with relatively few job openings--but that will almost certainly change in coming years. CompTIA's monthly Tech Jobs Report reveals that states with the largest tech hubs--including California, Texas, Washington, and Massachusetts--lead when it comes to A.I.-related job postings. It's true that companies don't need nearly as many machine-learning experts as, say, software developers or data scientists. Smaller organizations might not even have the budget to fill out an A.I. division. But CompTIA's job numbers keep growing month after month, indicating a sustained appetite for A.I. talent, especially among larger companies with the money to actually afford researchers and specialists.


AI 100: The most promising artificial intelligence startups of 2022 - CB Insights Research

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The AI 100 is CB Insights' annual list of the 100 most promising private AI companies in the world. This year's winners are working on diverse solutions designed to recycle plastic waste, improve hearing aids, combat toxic online gaming behavior, and more. CB Insights has unveiled the winners of the sixth annual AI 100 -- a list of the 100 most promising private AI companies across the globe. Some of this year's winners are advancing the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) across specific industries -- such as healthcare, gaming, and agriculture. On the other hand, some are developing applications to support sales, engineering design, cybersecurity, and other functions across a wide range of industries.


The Morning After: Our favorite small kitchen gadgets

Engadget

As we wrap up our Cooking Week on Engadget, my purchase of a milk frother is just one part of the Engadget team's surprisingly broad selection of essential small kitchen gadgets -- big spenders can scroll down to Breville's bonkers induction cooker. But back to me: Nespresso's Barista Recipe Maker heats and froths your milk (or milk alternative) simply to upgrade your espressos or moka coffees into flat whites, cappuccinos and more. I've owned mine for a couple of years, and I love how easy it is to clean. The spin mechanism is magnet-based, too, so it's less likely to break and should last plenty of summers filled with iced macchiatos. For all the other kitchen-centric stories this week, you can find them here.


How the US plans to manage artificial intelligence

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US AI guidelines are everything the EU's AI Act is not: voluntary, non-prescriptive and focused on changing the culture of tech companies. As the EU's Artificial Intelligence (AI) Act fights its way through multiple rounds of revisions at the hands of MEPs, in the US a little-known organisation is quietly working up its own guidelines to help channel the development of such a promising and yet perilous technology. In March, the Maryland-based National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released a first draft of its AI Risk Management Framework, which sets out a very different vision from the EU. The work is being led by Elham Tabassi, a computer vision researcher who joined the organisation just over 20 years ago. Then, "We built [AI] systems just because we could," she said.