If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Learners may develop expertise by experiencing numerous different but relevant situations. Computer games and virtual simulations can facilitate these training opportunities, however, because of the relative difficulty in authoring new scenarios, the increasing need for new and different scenarios becomes a bottleneck in the learning process. Furthermore, a one-size-fits-all scenario may not address all of the abilities, needs, or goals of a particular learner. To address these issues we present a novel technique, Automated Scenario Adaptation, to automatically “rewrite” narrative scenario content to suit individual learners’ needs and abilities and to incorporate recent changes from real world learning needs. Scenario adaptation acts as problem generation for intelligent tutoring systems, producing greater learning opportunities that facilitate engagement and continued learner involvement.
iSTART is an intelligent tutoring system (ITS) designed to improve students’ reading comprehension. Previous studies have indicated that iSTART is successful; however, these studies have also indicated that students benefit most from long-term interactions that can become tedious and boring. A new game-based version of the system has been developed, called iSTART-ME (motivationally enhanced). Initial results from a usability study with iSTART-ME indicate that this system increases engagement and decreases boredom over time.
In this paper, we describe a framework dedicated to studies and experimentations upon the nature of the relationships between the rational reasoning process of an artificial agent and its psychological counterpart, namely its behavioral reasoning process. This study is focused on the domain of Conversational Assistant Agents, which are software tools providing various kinds of assistance to people of the general public interacting with computer-based applications or services. In this context, we show on some examples the need for the agents to be able to exhibit both a rational reasoning about the system functioning and a human-like believable dialogical interaction with the users.
For a knowledge-based system that fails to provide the correct answer, it is important to be able to tune the system while minimizing overall change in the knowledge-base. There are a variety of reasons why the answer is incorrect ranging from incorrect knowledge to information vagueness to incompleteness. Still, in all these situations, it is typically the case that most of the knowledge in the system is likely to be correct as specified by the expert(s) and/or knowledge engineer(s). In this paper, we propose a method to identify the possible changes by understanding the contribution of parameters on the outputs of concern. Our approach is based on Bayesian Knowledge Bases for modeling uncertainties. We start with single parameter changes and then extend to multiple parameters. In order to identify the optimal solution that can minimize the change to the model as specified by the domain experts, we define and evaluate the sensitivity values of the results with respect to the parameters. We discuss the computational complexities of determining the solution and show that the problem of multiple parameters changes can be transformed into Linear Programming problems, and thus, efficiently solvable. Our work can also be applied towards validating the knowledge base such that the updated model can satisfy all test-cases collected from the domain experts.
This paper investigates feature level fusion for enhancing fault detection from vibration signals in an ocean turbine. Changes in vibration signatures from such rotating machinery typically indicate the presence of a problem such as a shift in its orientation or mechanical impact from its environment. We applied feature level fusion to vibration data acquired from two accelerometers attached to a box fan, and then assessed the abilities of twelve well known machine learners to detect changes in state from the raw accelerometer data and from the fused data. Analysis of the performance of these classifiers showed an overall performance improvement in all twelve classifiers in detecting the state of the fan from the fused data versus from the data from the two individual sensor channels.
This track focuses on all aspects of robotics, including related areas and applications, including robotics education. This special track will include research papers on robotics and its related techniques, such as vision, perception, and planning. This track also includes robotics education, which will teach various AI techniques involved in robotics.
This paper discusses Statistical Machine Translation when the target side is morphologically richer language. This paper intends to discuss what is not covered by the factored translation model of Moses especially targetting EN--JP translation: the effect of Multi-Word Expressions, affixes separation, and other monolingual morphological issues. We intend to discuss these over a factored translation model.
Natural language processing and statistical methods were used to identify linguistic features associated with the quality of student-generated paragraphs. Linguistic features were assessed using Coh-Metrix. The resulting computational models demonstrated small to medium effect sizes for predicting paragraph quality: introduction quality r2 = .25, body quality r2 = .10, and conclusion quality r2 = .11. Although the variance explained was somewhat low, the linguistic features identified were consistent with the rhetorical goals of paragraph types. Avenues for bolstering this approach by considering individual writing styles and techniques are considered.
Under the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency's (DARPA) Integrated Crisis Early Warning System (ICEWS), Innovative Decisions, Inc. (IDI) constructed a Bayesian network to combine forecasts produced by a set of social science models. We used Bayesian network structure learning with political science variables to produce meaningful priors. We employed a naive Bayes structure to aggregate the forecasts. In both cases, IDI improved classification by intelligently discretizing continuous variables. The resulting network not only met performance criteria set by DARPA, but also out-performed each of the social science models across all types of forecasted events. We describe the construction of the aggregator as well as a set of experiments performed to explore the nature of the Bayesian EOI Aggregator's performance.
Kumar, Sandeep (Indian Institute of Technology Madras) | Celorrio, Sergio Jimenez (Universisdad Carlos III de Madrid) | Py, Frederic (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute) | Khemani, Deepak (Indian Institute of Technology Madras) | Rajan, Kanna (Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute)
Given the diversity and spatio-temporal scales of dynamic coastal processes, sampling is a challenging task for oceanographers. To meet this challenge new robotic platforms such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) are being increasingly used. For effective water sampling during a mission an AUV should be adaptive to its environment, which requires it to be able to identify these dynamic and episodic ocean features in-situ. We describe the use of Hidden Markov Models (HMM) as a feature detection model used onboard an AUV, an autonomous untethered robot. We show how to build an identification model from data collected during past missions. Then we show how the parameters of the HMM can be optimized using a Genetic Algorithm approach, from models trained with the Baum-Welch algorithm in the initial population.