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A Beginner's Guide to The Internet of Things (IoT) 2022

#artificialintelligence

We are able to turn on the lights in our homes from a desk in an office miles away. The built-in cameras and sensors embedded in our refrigerator let us easily keep tabs on what is present on the shelves, and when an item is close to expiration. When we get home, the thermostat has already adjusted the temperature so that it's lukewarm or brisk, depending on our preference. These are not examples from a futuristic science fiction story. These are only a few of the millions of frameworks part of the Internet of Things (IoT) being deployed today.


The Future Of Retail:10 Years from now

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I took a dive into recent history, and read an article written by Lin Grossman from about 4 years ago. How did the future look like before Covid-19 when our reality was just a science fiction saga. So we are not yet blessed by two hours delivery by drones, and physical storefronts are still out there (though we do not visit them as much), and regretfully the virtual fitting room is not yet commercial. But I share the same vision as The Futurist Faith Popcorn and "Given retail's steady migration to mobile and e-commerce, you may be wondering what retail will look like in the future". As predicted by futurist Faith Popcorn, we can continue to expect hyper-customized concierge and on-demand services, and what the writer calls "consutainment," the integration of ultra-convenience, consumption, and entertainment.


Manufacturing Shifts To AI Of Things

#artificialintelligence

AI is being infused into the Internet of Things, setting the stage for significant improvements in manufacturing productivity, improved uptime, and reduced costs -- regardless of market segment. The traditional approach to improving manufacturing equipment reliability and efficiency is regular scheduled maintenance. While that is an improvement over just fixing or replacing equipment when it breaks, it's far from optimal. Even with periodic maintenance, equipment can suddenly break down, idling workers, delaying shipments, and disappointing customers. This is where AI fits in.


A Comprehensive Survey on Radio Frequency (RF) Fingerprinting: Traditional Approaches, Deep Learning, and Open Challenges

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Fifth generation (5G) networks and beyond envisions massive Internet of Things (IoT) rollout to support disruptive applications such as extended reality (XR), augmented/virtual reality (AR/VR), industrial automation, autonomous driving, and smart everything which brings together massive and diverse IoT devices occupying the radio frequency (RF) spectrum. Along with spectrum crunch and throughput challenges, such a massive scale of wireless devices exposes unprecedented threat surfaces. RF fingerprinting is heralded as a candidate technology that can be combined with cryptographic and zero-trust security measures to ensure data privacy, confidentiality, and integrity in wireless networks. Motivated by the relevance of this subject in the future communication networks, in this work, we present a comprehensive survey of RF fingerprinting approaches ranging from a traditional view to the most recent deep learning (DL) based algorithms. Existing surveys have mostly focused on a constrained presentation of the wireless fingerprinting approaches, however, many aspects remain untold. In this work, however, we mitigate this by addressing every aspect - background on signal intelligence (SIGINT), applications, relevant DL algorithms, systematic literature review of RF fingerprinting techniques spanning the past two decades, discussion on datasets, and potential research avenues - necessary to elucidate this topic to the reader in an encyclopedic manner.


The Convergence of IoT, Automation and Artificial Intelligence

#artificialintelligence

After a good night's rest, you wake up to a familiar voice in the early hours of the morning. The moment your legs hit the floor, the screen walls light up and the familiar voice repeats, "Good morning sir, you are needed at the office in the next hour, for your presentation." The voice belongs to Alex, your IoT-enabled digital assistant. "You've got to be kidding me, Alex! Please, replay my presentation slides word for word. I do not want to miss any detail."


The 100 Most Disruptive Companies to Watch In 2021

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Disruptive technology is the technology that affects the normal operation of a market or an industry. Digital disruption entails established companies and start-ups alike enlisting new technologies in the fight to dislodge incumbents, protect entrenched positions, or to re-invent entire industries and business activities. And to remain disruptive in the market, it is really important to keep innovating. This is crucial because, innovations occur now and then in every industry, however, to be truly disruptive, and innovation must entirely transform a product or solution that historically was so complicated only a few could access it. On a minimum level, digital transformation enables an organization to address the needs of its customers more simply and directly. But through disruptive innovation, companies can offer a far better way to users of doing things that current incumbents simply cannot compete with. Artificial intelligence (AI), E-Commerce, cloud, social networking, Internet of Things, 5G, blockchain and other emerging technologies are being leveraged to blur the lines between industries, creating new business models and converging sectors. A company that disrupts its market is in a great position to take advantage of new opportunities. Sometimes offering something different can change the whole market for the better. Most of the top disruptive companies get this label by offering highly innovative products and services and here are 100 such top disruptive companies listed below. The company provides innovative, managed cloud services to help its customers succeed. With best-in-class service and technology, 403Tech protects companies against cybercrimes while enabling greater efficiency and productivity. Some of its popular services include desktop support, server support, wired and wireless networking, virus removal, data recovery, and backup and hosted cloud services. Aegeus Technologies aims to design and develop robotic technologies and solutions.


Edge-Native Intelligence for 6G Communications Driven by Federated Learning: A Survey of Trends and Challenges

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The unprecedented surge of data volume in wireless networks empowered with artificial intelligence (AI) opens up new horizons for providing ubiquitous data-driven intelligent services. Traditional cloud-centric machine learning (ML)-based services are implemented by collecting datasets and training models centrally. However, this conventional training technique encompasses two challenges: (i) high communication and energy cost due to increased data communication, (ii) threatened data privacy by allowing untrusted parties to utilise this information. Recently, in light of these limitations, a new emerging technique, coined as federated learning (FL), arose to bring ML to the edge of wireless networks. FL can extract the benefits of data silos by training a global model in a distributed manner, orchestrated by the FL server. FL exploits both decentralised datasets and computing resources of participating clients to develop a generalised ML model without compromising data privacy. In this article, we introduce a comprehensive survey of the fundamentals and enabling technologies of FL. Moreover, an extensive study is presented detailing various applications of FL in wireless networks and highlighting their challenges and limitations. The efficacy of FL is further explored with emerging prospective beyond fifth generation (B5G) and sixth generation (6G) communication systems. The purpose of this survey is to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of FL applications in key wireless technologies that will serve as a foundation to establish a firm understanding of the topic. Lastly, we offer a road forward for future research directions.


Modelling and Optimisation of Resource Usage in an IoT Enabled Smart Campus

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

University campuses are essentially a microcosm of a city. They comprise diverse facilities such as residences, sport centres, lecture theatres, parking spaces, and public transport stops. Universities are under constant pressure to improve efficiencies while offering a better experience to various stakeholders including students, staff, and visitors. Nonetheless, anecdotal evidence indicates that campus assets are not being utilised efficiently, often due to the lack of data collection and analysis, thereby limiting the ability to make informed decisions on the allocation and management of resources. Advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies that can sense and communicate data from the physical world, coupled with data analytics and Artificial intelligence (AI) that can predict usage patterns, have opened up new opportunities for organisations to lower cost and improve user experience. This thesis explores this opportunity via theory and experimentation using UNSW Sydney as a living laboratory.


A Beginner's Guide to Internet of Things (IoT) 2021

#artificialintelligence

We can turn on the lights in our homes from a desk in an office miles away. The built-in cameras and sensors embedded in our refrigerator let us easily keep tabs on what is present on the shelves and when an item is close to expiration. When we get home, the thermostat has already adjusted the temperature so that it's lukewarm or brisk, depending on our preference. These are not examples from a futuristic science fiction story. These are only a few of the millions of frameworks part of Internet of Things (IoT) being deployed today.


Measuring Cognitive Status from Speech in a Smart Home Environment

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The population is aging, and becoming more tech-savvy. The United Nations predicts that by 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65 (up from one in 11 in 2019), and this increases to one in four in Europe and Northern America. Meanwhile, the proportion of American adults over 65 who own a smartphone has risen 24 percentage points from 2013-2017, and the majority have Internet in their homes. Smart devices and smart home technology have profound potential to transform how people age, their ability to live independently in later years, and their interactions with their circle of care. Cognitive health is a key component to independence and well-being in old age, and smart homes present many opportunities to measure cognitive status in a continuous, unobtrusive manner. In this article, we focus on speech as a measurement instrument for cognitive health. Existing methods of cognitive assessment suffer from a number of limitations that could be addressed through smart home speech sensing technologies. We begin with a brief tutorial on measuring cognitive status from speech, including some pointers to useful open-source software toolboxes for the interested reader. We then present an overview of the preliminary results from pilot studies on active and passive smart home speech sensing for the measurement of cognitive health, and conclude with some recommendations and challenge statements for the next wave of work in this area, to help overcome both technical and ethical barriers to success.