Following the revolutions in military affairs brought about by gunpowder and nuclear weapons, we find ourselves once again at the dawn of a new era of warfare: The Age of Autonomous Systems. Using cutting-edge technologies for military purposes, especially from the field of Artificial Intelligence, will radically transform how wars will be fought in the near future. LAWS (Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems) is a critical acronym to understand warfare in the 21st century. LAWS encompass any weapon system with autonomy in its critical functions, namely one which can select (i.e., search for or detect, identify, track, and select) and attack (i.e., use force against, neutralise, damage or destroy) targets without human intervention. While technically accurate, 'LAWS' is admittedly a less emphatic term than that used by a global coalition of Human Rights Watch-coordinated non-governmental organisations formed in October 2012 who are working to fully ban LAWS -- or as they call them, 'Killer Robots'.
Another one on the wreck of the Conch Citadel: holes in the walls and in the ceiling and floor, floating debris and rusting furniture that must have once been pristine and polished, the state of the art of Đại Ánh. A series of disc-shaped auxiliary robots and larger maintenance mechs parked in the walls, gleaming in the light projected by Thu's lamp. Thu was in the doorway, floating in the low-gravity of the wreck--holding onto the frame with one hand, the small thruster-pack in her back turned off to conserve energy. She'd been about to enter the room, but something had been bothering her enough that it had stopped her. It took her a moment to realize it was her lineaged memory that was kicking up the fuss, specifically Ánh Ngọc's most recent transfer, the one of the latest shift Ánh Ngọc had done onboard Citadel.
See also our related columns The Turning Point, Techie Tuesdays, and Storybites. Though artificial intelligence (AI) may not surpass human intelligence for at least a few more decades, it opens up opportunities and challenges that we must address today in order to shape a better world for us all. A call to action for business leaders, entrepreneurs, academics, and policymakers is effectively made in Toby Walsh's new book, 2062: The World that AI Made. The rise of AI poses serious philosophical, economic and social questions for all of us, and more vision and collaboration are urgently called for. How many jobs will AI take away or create?
Robots are rolling out into the real world and we need to meet the emerging challenges in responsible fashion but one that doesn't block innovation. At the recent ARM Developers Summit 2020 I shared my suggestions for five practical steps that we could undertake at a regional, national or global level as part of the Five Laws of Robotics presentation (below). The Five Laws of Robotics are drawn from the EPSRC Principles of Robotics, first developed in 2010 and a living document workshopped by experts across many relevant disciplines. These five principles are practical and concise, embracing the majority of principles expressed across a wide range of ethics documents. I will explain in more detail.
A breakthrough in materials could improve the efficiency and effectiveness of electronic implants in the human brain or other parts of the body. The advance could offer an array of biotechnology benefits and allow humans to control unmanned vehicles and other technologies directly with their brains. The development involves a polythiophene, or PEDOT, chemical structure. The newest materials, which David Martin describes as PEDOT Plus, dramatically enhances electronic implants in the body. Martin, who is a professor of materials science and engineering and associate dean, research and entrepreneurship, College of Engineering, University of Delaware, explains PEDOT materials have been around for years and can be chemically tailored for different purposes.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is impacting the future of virtually every industry and every human being on the planet. Artificial intelligence has been established as the main driver of emerging technologies such as big data, robotics, and the Internet of Things (IoT). Moving into 2021, Artificial Intelligence will continue to act as a main technological innovator for the foreseeable future. The next decade will see an unprecedented fast development and adoption of existing and emerging technologies. This development will be driven toward pushing digital acceleration forward.
The relationship between humans and AI is something of a dance. We and AI come close together operating collaboratively, then are pushed away by the impossibility, only to stumble but return attracted by the potential. It is perhaps fitting that the dance community is beginning to embrace robots, with AI helping to create new movements and choreography, and with robots sharing the stage with human dancers. The relationship between society and technology is yin and yang, with every massive enhancement accompanied by the potential for danger. AI, for example, offers the promise to end boring, repetitive jobs, enabling us to engage in higher level and more fulfilling tasks.
Some of the hardest changes, are the most important. The massive shift to digitalize industries, sometimes referred to as Industry 4.0 is a great example of difficult, yet critical changes that need to happen. Just as the Internet of Things (IoT) is set to shake up tons of other industries thanks to the increasing outgrowth of cloud and 5G, it's also set to change the stake in the field of manufacturing. The good news: there is so much to be gained from moving to a new form of managing the industrial work process, from saved time to money to new ways of doing business altogether. It takes strategy and the ability to think differently about how manufacturing works--and will continue to work--in the years ahead.
The American workforce is at a crossroads. Digitization and automation have replaced millions of middle-class jobs, while wages have stagnated for many who remain employed. A lot of labor has become insecure, low-income freelance work. Yet there is reason for optimism on behalf of workers, as scholars and business leaders outlined in an MIT conference on Wednesday. Automation and artificial intelligence do not just replace jobs; they also create them.
When the podcar strikes me, I see a flash. For a long moment, I am nothing more than an electric white shock of pain. My blurred vision only perceives shadowy forms, but I can imagine what they look like in their gray jumpsuits, each of them fitted with goggles that display my vitals. They've cut off my shirt. "Is she stable enough to save?" an e-medic asks.