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Challenges of Artificial Intelligence -- From Machine Learning and Computer Vision to Emotional Intelligence

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a part of everyday conversation and our lives. It is considered as the new electricity that is revolutionizing the world. AI is heavily invested in both industry and academy. However, there is also a lot of hype in the current AI debate. AI based on so-called deep learning has achieved impressive results in many problems, but its limits are already visible. AI has been under research since the 1940s, and the industry has seen many ups and downs due to over-expectations and related disappointments that have followed. The purpose of this book is to give a realistic picture of AI, its history, its potential and limitations. We believe that AI is a helper, not a ruler of humans. We begin by describing what AI is and how it has evolved over the decades. After fundamentals, we explain the importance of massive data for the current mainstream of artificial intelligence. The most common representations for AI, methods, and machine learning are covered. In addition, the main application areas are introduced. Computer vision has been central to the development of AI. The book provides a general introduction to computer vision, and includes an exposure to the results and applications of our own research. Emotions are central to human intelligence, but little use has been made in AI. We present the basics of emotional intelligence and our own research on the topic. We discuss super-intelligence that transcends human understanding, explaining why such achievement seems impossible on the basis of present knowledge,and how AI could be improved. Finally, a summary is made of the current state of AI and what to do in the future. In the appendix, we look at the development of AI education, especially from the perspective of contents at our own university.


The Role of Social Movements, Coalitions, and Workers in Resisting Harmful Artificial Intelligence and Contributing to the Development of Responsible AI

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

There is mounting public concern over the influence that AI based systems has in our society. Coalitions in all sectors are acting worldwide to resist hamful applications of AI. From indigenous people addressing the lack of reliable data, to smart city stakeholders, to students protesting the academic relationships with sex trafficker and MIT donor Jeffery Epstein, the questionable ethics and values of those heavily investing in and profiting from AI are under global scrutiny. There are biased, wrongful, and disturbing assumptions embedded in AI algorithms that could get locked in without intervention. Our best human judgment is needed to contain AI's harmful impact. Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of AI will be to make us ultimately understand how important human wisdom truly is in life on earth.


As Robots Take Over Warehousing, Workers Pushed to Adapt

#artificialintelligence

Guess who's getting used to working with robots in their everyday lives? The very same warehouse workers once predicted to be losing their jobs to mechanical replacements. According to their makers, the machines should take on the most mundane and physically strenuous tasks. "They weigh a lot," Amazon worker Amanda Taillon said during the pre-Christmas rush at a company warehouse in Connecticut. Taillon's job is to enter a cage and tame Amazon's wheeled warehouse robots for long enough to pick up a fallen toy or relieve a traffic jam.


As robots take over warehousing, workers pushed to adapt

#artificialintelligence

Guess who's getting used to working with robots in their everyday lives? The very same warehouse workers once predicted to be losing their jobs to mechanical replacements. According to their makers, the machines should take on the most mundane and physically strenuous tasks. "They weigh a lot," Amazon worker Amanda Taillon said during the pre-Christmas rush at a company warehouse in Connecticut. Taillon's job is to enter a cage and tame Amazon's wheeled warehouse robots for long enough to pick up a fallen toy or relieve a traffic jam.



The Growing Impact of AI in Financial Services: Six Examples

#artificialintelligence

Just as many other technological advancements, Artificial Intelligence came to our lives from the pages of fairy tales and fiction books (think of the Tinman from The Wizard of Oz or Maria from Metropolis). People dreamt about machines able to solve problems and release some of the fast-compounding pressure of the 21st century. Less than 70 years from the day when the very term Artificial Intelligence came into existence, it's become an integral part of the most demanding and fast-paced industries. Forward-thinking executive managers and business owners actively explore new AI use in finance and other areas to get a competitive edge on the market. More often than not, we don't realize how much Artificial Intelligence is involved in our day-to-day life.


3 things we learned from Facebook's AI chief about the future of artificial intelligence

#artificialintelligence

In recent years, many of the worlds biggest tech companies -- from Google to Facebook and Microsoft -- have been fixated on artificial intelligence and how it can be incorporated into nearly all of their products. For example, Google even rebranded its Google Research Division as Google AI ahead of its developers conference this year, during which AI was featured front and center. Mark Zuckerberg also explained how Facebook is using AI in an attempt to crack down on hate speech on its platform during its F8 conference in May. The AI market is also booming as companies continue to invest in cognitive software capabilities. The International Data Corporation indicates global spending on AI systems is expected to hit $77.6 billion in 2022, more than tripling the $24 billion forecast for 2018.


3 things we learned from Facebook's AI chief about the future of artificial intelligence

#artificialintelligence

In recent years, many of the worlds biggest tech companies - from Google to Facebook and Microsoft - have been fixated on artificial intelligence and how it can be incorporated into nearly all of their products. For example, Google even rebranded its Google Research Division as Google AI ahead of its developers conference this year, during which AI was featured front and center. Mark Zuckerberg also explained how Facebook is using AI in an attempt to crack down on hate speech on its platform during its F8 conference in May. The AI market is also booming as companies continue to invest in cognitive software capabilities. The International Data Corporation indicates global spending on AI systems is expected to hit $77.6 billion in 2022, more than tripling the $24 billion forecast for 2018.


Global Artificial Intelligence (AI) Industry

#artificialintelligence

Germany Market Analysis Table 35: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Artificial Intelligence Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 9.4.3 Italy Market Analysis Table 36: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Artificial Intelligence Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 9.4.4


Global Artificial Intelligence (AI) Industry

#artificialintelligence

Germany Market Analysis Table 35: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Artificial Intelligence Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 9.4.3 Italy Market Analysis Table 36: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Artificial Intelligence Analyzed with Annual Revenue Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2024 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) 9.4.4