According to scientists and legal experts, responding to the bank's warning this November, there is now an urgent need for the development of intelligent algorithms to be put on the political agenda. Top of the agenda as far as Lightfoot is concerned is the economic impact if AI cuts large amounts of jobs and the incomes from people, how will they make a living and what will they do, a concern that Professor Toby Walsh, an expert in AI at Australia's University of New South Wales and a prominent campaigner against the use of AI in military weapons, says is justified and one that needs to be urgently considered. Though Professor Walsh and fellow AI expert Murray Shanahan, Professor of Cognitive Robotics at London's Imperial College were wary of calls for regulation of the sector, which they said, would inhibit research. According to Professor Walsh scientists working in AI have already started to exercise a degree of self-control over the exploitation of the discoveries being made in AI the areas that need to be focussed on are the ramifications of the technology.
Can machines think?" asked Alan Turing, known as the father of artificial intelligence (AI), in a seminal paper on the topic of computing machinery and intelligence in 1950. Turing did not coin the term'Artificial Intelligence' but his work laid the foundations for a new research area to be termed'Artificial Intelligence' by John McCarthy, one of the organizers of the 1956 conference held at Dartmouth College, UK to delve into the fundamental task of developing an electronic brain. However, by 1973, disappointed by the progress of work, funding dried up in the UK and USA and AI plunged into a long'winter'. In the 20th century, AI was an idea for the future. It needed much more computing power and a greater variety of digital data sources than was available at that time. Today, the picture has changed.
The dream of thinking machines goes back centuries, at least to Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, in the 17th century. Leibniz (right) helped invent mechanical calculators, independently of Isaac Newton developed the integral calculus, and had a lifelong fascination with reducing thinking to calculation. His Mathesis Universalis was a vision of universal science made possible by a mathematical language more precise than natural languages, like English. The Limits of Modern AI: A Story In the 18th Century the Enlightenment philosopher and proto-psychologist Étienne Bonnot de Condillac imagined a statue outwardly appearing like a man and also with what he called "the inward organization." In an example of supreme armchair speculation, Condillac imagined pouring facts--bits of knowledge--into its head, wondering when intelligence would emerge. Condillac's musings drew inspiration from the early mechanical philosophy of Thomas Hobbes, who had famously declared that thinking was nothing but ...
The 19th-century U.K. Locomotive Act, also known as the Red Flag Act, required motorized vehicles to be preceded by a person waving a red flag to signal the oncoming danger. Movies can be a good place to see what the future looks like. According to Robert Wallace, a retired director of the CIA's Office of Technical Service: "... When a new James Bond movie was released, we always got calls asking, 'Do you have one of those?' If I answered'no', the next question was, 'How long will it take you to make it?' Folks didn't care about the laws of physics or that Q was an actor in a fictional series--his character and inventiveness pushed our imagination ..."3 As an example, the CIA successfully copied the shoe-mounted spring-loaded and poison-tipped knife in From Russia With Love. It's interesting to speculate on what else Bond movies may have led to being invented. For this reason, I have been considering what movies predict about the future of artificial intelligence (AI).