Robots: Overviews


A Decade Of Change: How Tech Evolved In The 2010s And What's In Store For The 2020s

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Significant technological advancements and societal shifts occurred during the 2010's decade. Yet many of these developments became so quickly engrained in our daily lives that they often went relatively unnoticed, and their impact all but forgotten. Over this next decade, the 2020s, we expect similar rapid and meaningful advancements to occur. Moore's law suggests that over a 10-year period, semiconductors will advance by 32 times, bringing about mesmerizing innovation in the digital age that should not only change technology but society as well. In this piece, we review the technological advancements over the last decade and anticipate what revolutionary changes may be in store for us over the next 10 years.


International Conference on Automation and Artificial Intelligence – Web of Meetings

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Conference Series LLC ltd is pleased to invite you to attend the "International Conference on Automation and Artificial Intelligence." This event will be a gathering of hundreds of research minded people from the fields Artificial Intelligence and its related fields. The conference offers a great opportunity to make new contacts in the field of Artificial Intelligence and Automation Engineering and will provide a platform to share new ideas relating to recent developments in Artificial Intelligence. Automation Engineering scientists and researchers will come and learn more about information regarding their research subjects and will be able to establish their view at a global level. Theme: Innovations and advancements in Artificial Intelligence please visit conference website for more details.


Should Artificial Intelligence Governance be Centralised? Design Lessons from History

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Can effective international governance for artificial intelligence remain fragmented, or is there a need for a centralised international organisation for AI? We draw on the history of other international regimes to identify advantages and disadvantages in centralising AI governance. Some considerations, such as efficiency and political power, speak in favour of centralisation. Conversely, the risk of creating a slow and brittle institution speaks against it, as does the difficulty in securing participation while creating stringent rules. Other considerations depend on the specific design of a centralised institution. A well-designed body may be able to deter forum shopping and ensure policy coordination. However, forum shopping can be beneficial and a fragmented landscape of institutions can be self-organising. Centralisation entails trade-offs and the details matter. We conclude with two core recommendations. First, the outcome will depend on the exact design of a central institution. A well-designed centralised regime covering a set of coherent issues could be beneficial. But locking-in an inadequate structure may pose a fate worse than fragmentation. Second, for now fragmentation will likely persist. This should be closely monitored to see if it is self-organising or simply inadequate.


A Review of Another 5 Major Tech Trends In 2020

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In our recent blog, we covered some exciting tech trends hitting 2020 such as autonomous driving, hyperautomation and more. There are many areas however with even more developments, ones you may have heard of and ones that you may have not. Technology is accelerating at such a rapid pace that every industry will be affected as well as the everyday consumer. We examine a further 5 top tech trends hitting our doors in 2020. At this stage, we all know or have at least heard of the cloud.


Enabling Value Sensitive AI Systems through Participatory Design Fictions

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Two general routes have been followed to develop artificial agents that are sensitive to human values---a top-down approach to encode values into the agents, and a bottom-up approach to learn from human actions, whether from real-world interactions or stories. Although both approaches have made exciting scientific progress, they may face challenges when applied to the current development practices of AI systems, which require the under-standing of the specific domains and specific stakeholders involved. In this work, we bring together perspectives from the human-computer interaction (HCI) community, where designing technologies sensitive to user values has been a longstanding focus. We highlight several well-established areas focusing on developing empirical methods for inquiring user values. Based on these methods, we propose participatory design fictions to study user values involved in AI systems and present preliminary results from a case study. With this paper, we invite the consideration of user-centered value inquiry and value learning.


A Billion Ways to Grasp: An Evaluation of Grasp Sampling Schemes on a Dense, Physics-based Grasp Data Set

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Robot grasping is often formulated as a learning problem. With the increasing speed and quality of physics simulations, generating large-scale grasping data sets that feed learning algorithms is becoming more and more popular. An often overlooked question is how to generate the grasps that make up these data sets. In this paper, we review, classify, and compare different grasp sampling strategies. Our evaluation is based on a fine-grained discretization of SE(3) and uses physics-based simulation to evaluate the quality and robustness of the corresponding parallel-jaw grasps. Specifically, we consider more than 1 billion grasps for each of the 21 objects from the YCB data set. This dense data set lets us evaluate existing sampling schemes w.r.t. their bias and efficiency. Our experiments show that some popular sampling schemes contain significant bias and do not cover all possible ways an object can be grasped.


Distraction or disruption? Autonomous trucks gain ground in US logistics

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Technology has upended one business after another across the United States. To cite only the most recent developments: Lyft and others have utterly changed personal transportation, and Airbnb has done the same for hospitality. And in January 2018, the first Amazon Go store opened, sans checkout clerks, promising similar upheaval for grocers. What is happening is fairly well understood, if initially underestimated. Digitization and other technological advances are exposing the vulnerabilities in every industry, particularly retail. And now, logistics companies are starting to feel the heat. Our new research has turned up five trends that offer startling indicators of impending change for the trucking, rail, warehousing, and logistics companies that move America's merchandise. Start with autonomous trucks (ATs), which will change the cost structure and utilization of trucking--and with that, the cost of consumer goods. Sixty-five percent of the nation's consumable goods are trucked to market.


Ten Ways the Precautionary Principle Undermines Progress in Artificial Intelligence

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Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to deliver significant social and economic benefits, including reducing accidental deaths and injuries, making new scientific discoveries, and increasing productivity.[1] However, an increasing number of activists, scholars, and pundits see AI as inherently risky, creating substantial negative impacts such as eliminating jobs, eroding personal liberties, and reducing human intelligence.[2] Some even see AI as dehumanizing, dystopian, and a threat to humanity.[3] As such, the world is dividing into two camps regarding AI: those who support the technology and those who oppose it. Unfortunately, the latter camp is increasingly dominating AI discussions, not just in the United States, but in many nations around the world. There should be no doubt that nations that tilt toward fear rather than optimism are more likely to put in place policies and practices that limit AI development and adoption, which will hurt their economic growth, social ...


Rick Mills – "The Promise of AI" Prospector News

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In'The Terminator' series of action films starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, a cybernetic organism (cyborg) is programmed from the future to go back in time and kill the mother of the scientist who leads the fight against Skynet, an artificial intelligence system that will cause a nuclear holocaust. Terrifying and at times comical ("I'll be back", "Make my day") The Terminator cyborg was among the first presentations of artificial intelligence (AI) to a global audience. While numerous facets of AI have been developed over the past couple of decades, all with positive outcomes, the fear of AI being programmed to do something devastating to the human race, of computers "going rogue", continues to persist. On the other hand, AI holds tremendous potential for benefiting humanity in ways we are only just starting to recognize. This article gives an overview of artificial intelligence including some of its most interesting manifestations. The first step is defining what we mean by artificial intelligence. One definition of AI is "the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computers." Such processes include learning by acquiring information, understanding the rules around using that information, employing reasoning to reach conclusions, and self-correcting.


A Framework For Developing A National Artificial Intelligence Strategy - Liwaiwai

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We are now in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the fuel behind all the developments that we are witnessing in this era. The continuous and vast development of computing infrastructure changed our goal from machine programming to machine learning. Today we see self-driving cars, translation software, virtual assistants, drones, and other things which are powered by AI. As our technologies continue to grow, AI will dominate our cities even further.