Imagine a future where a wide range of surgeries, no matter how complex, could be conducted remotely, a future where a patient in dire need of help could access the most highly regarded specialists in any area of medicine regardless of where on the globe that person may be. In 2019, Dr. Ryan Madder from Spectrum Health performed a series of simulated remote percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) via a control station outside of Boston. The robotic devices he was manipulating were in New York City and San Francisco. The robots successfully performed the procedure, which involves a catheter being used to place a small structure called a stent to open blood vessels in the heart that have been narrowed by plaque buildup, a condition known as atherosclerosis. A year earlier, Dr. Tejas Patel completed the first-in-human remote PCI cases in India, with about 20 miles between the physician and his patients.