Robots


Artifical Intelligence Versus Aided Intelligence:The Work Involved In Making It Work

Forbes Technology

Artificial intelligence, cognitive computing, machine learning, data mining, natural language processing: The terminology surrounding the efforts to enhance how businesses access, sort and analyze the vast quantities of content being created every day is almost as vast as the content itself -- and no less confusing. The words are often used interchangeably, and while some have clear definitions, others do not. Claims that artificial intelligence (AI) will transform health care, law and "business" as a whole are rampant, but with the term left undefined, it is difficult to sort what is blue sky and what is real opportunity. With everything from smart homes to self-driving cars to chatbots being labeled as artificial intelligence, the conversation should really start with a clear working definition of what AI is and what it's not. Artificial intelligence, in the broadest sense, is the act of a machine solving a problem similar to the way a human would.


We Now Know Why the Self-Driving Uber That Killed a Pedestrian Didn't Brake

Slate

Uber's self-driving vehicles operating in Arizona were unprepared to safely encounter pedestrians and were fatally over-reliant on the mindfulness of human operators, a federal accident report released Thursday shows. On March 18, Uber's Volvo XC90 was being driven by software but supervised by a human attendant in the driver's seat when it hit and killed Elaine Herzberg, who was crossing the darkened road with her bicycle. It was the first fatal crash involving a vehicle driven by a computer, a technology that promises long-term safety improvements but has been rushed into road testing by a handful of companies despite questions about transparency and reliability. According to the preliminary report of the National Transportation Safety Board, Uber's sensors first perceived Herzberg about six seconds before impact--more than twice the commonly accepted reaction-time of 2.5 seconds. But the sensors struggled to classify Herzberg (first as an unknown object, then as a car, then as a bicycle) and determine her expected path across the road.


NTSB's preliminary report on Uber crash focuses on emergency braking

Engadget

Today, the NTSB released preliminary findings for an accident back in March, in which a self-driving Uber vehicle collided with a pedestrian. "At 1.3 seconds before impact, the self-driving system determined that emergency braking was needed to mitigate a collision," the release says. "According to Uber emergency braking maneuvers are not enabled while the vehicle is under computer control to reduce the potential for erratic vehicle behavior. The vehicle operator is relied on to intervene and take action. The system is not designed to alert the operator."


Military brainboxes ponder 'UK needs you' list of AI boffins

#artificialintelligence

Rise of the Machines The Ministry of Defence wants to compile a list of AI boffins with UK security clearance that can be hired to help build Britain's inevitable robotic military future. The ministry's latest publication on artificial intelligence and the armed forces, titled Human-Machine Teaming sets out its vision for what the Rise of the Machines could look like in practice. While it ruled out weaponised AI, if only because of perceived problems with agreeing "a common definition" for lethal autonomous weapon systems*, the "concept note" did set out the MoD's view of how Britain is falling behind in the race to militarise self-thinking robots. "The impact is a shift in the relative rates of innovation from defence to commercial firms with the best systems already, and remaining, in the civilian sector. Military access to the best technologies will become a challenge, except in national crisis situations," wailed the note's authors, who hail from the MoD's Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre at Shrivenham, the Wiltshire location where the armed forces' future strategic thinkers are hothoused.


Samsung Will Open AI Research Center in Cambridge, England

#artificialintelligence

Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., the Korean-based electronics giant, will open a new artificial-intelligence center in Cambridge, England, as the company seeks to benefit from cutting-edge academic research into the technology. Andrew Blake, a pioneering researcher in the development of systems that enable computers to interpret visual data, and a former director of Microsoft Corp.'s Cambridge Research Lab, will head the new Samsung AI center, the company said Tuesday. The center may hire as many as 150 AI experts, bringing the total number of people Samsung has working on research and development in the U.K. to 400 "in the near future," the company said. U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May said Samsung's new lab would create high-paying, high-skilled jobs. "It is a vote of confidence in the U.K. as a world leader in artificial-intelligence," she said.


'Prepare your students for interviews with robots'

#artificialintelligence

As we all know, getting that first job after college can often be a bigger challenge for a student than gaining the qualification. The interview process can be daunting, particularly for young people with limited experience of speaking in front of others. Judgements can be formed quickly in this intense environment and it's easy to come away feeling you haven't showcased yourself, your skills and your personality in the best light. Striking up a "rapport" with an interviewer is very important, but something that the less confident college leaver may struggle with – even if they may have all the skills needed for the particular role. So could the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) interview technology help to create a more level playing field in the initial stages of a recruitment process?


AI Made These Paintings

#artificialintelligence

Less than a year after he got his high school diploma and left Shenandoah Junction, W.Va., for Silicon Valley, Robbie Barrat began teaching computers to paint. He fed a few thousand examples of paintings into his artificial intelligence software until it learned how to create landscapes like the one on this issue's cover. By computer standards, these works of art took a long time to produce: a little more than two weeks. "It just has really great untapped potential." This is the world AI is making.


The Impact of Automation and Artificial Intelligence: Part 1 - Reynolds Center

#artificialintelligence

As technology continues to grow, here are some ways you should start thinking about how automation and artificial intelligence will impact local businesses. Automation has already shaken up many blue collar industries, but it's set to change white collar industries as well. Revenue from artificial Intelligence software will grow from a $644 million in 2016 to nearly $39 billion in 2025, according to IBM. As this technology grows, there are many chances for technologists to implement AI into many facets of our lives and careers. We're already used to virtual assistance like Siri and Alexa, and with more sophisticated forms of artificial intelligence these virtual assistants will be able to give us direction on how to get to the store, while also telling us to get better exercise and other life tips.


How Human-Computer 'Superminds' Are Redefining the Future of Work

#artificialintelligence

Virtually all human achievements have been made by groups of people, not lone individuals. As we incorporate smart technologies further into traditionally human processes, an even more powerful form of collaboration is emerging. The ongoing, and sometimes loud, debate about how many and what kinds of jobs smart machines will leave for humans to do in the future is missing a salient point: Just as the automation of human work in the past allowed people and machines to do many things that couldn't be done before, groups of people and computers working together will be able to do many things in the future that neither can do alone now. To think about how this will happen, it's useful to contemplate an obvious but not widely appreciated fact. Virtually all human achievements -- from developing written language to making a turkey sandwich -- require the work of groups of people, not just lone individuals.


Are Robots Going to Replace Teachers?

#artificialintelligence

As computers get faster and smarter, it stands to reason that robots and artificial intelligence will replace any job that they are able to do more cost effectively. If a robot can do it just as well for cheaper, it will. What does this mean for teaching? They claim that artificial intelligence will have the ability to teach children more effectively than humans within ten years. I believe this conclusion is based on false assumptions about the purpose of education and what teachers do.