Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a part of everyday conversation and our lives. It is considered as the new electricity that is revolutionizing the world. AI is heavily invested in both industry and academy. However, there is also a lot of hype in the current AI debate. AI based on so-called deep learning has achieved impressive results in many problems, but its limits are already visible. AI has been under research since the 1940s, and the industry has seen many ups and downs due to over-expectations and related disappointments that have followed. The purpose of this book is to give a realistic picture of AI, its history, its potential and limitations. We believe that AI is a helper, not a ruler of humans. We begin by describing what AI is and how it has evolved over the decades. After fundamentals, we explain the importance of massive data for the current mainstream of artificial intelligence. The most common representations for AI, methods, and machine learning are covered. In addition, the main application areas are introduced. Computer vision has been central to the development of AI. The book provides a general introduction to computer vision, and includes an exposure to the results and applications of our own research. Emotions are central to human intelligence, but little use has been made in AI. We present the basics of emotional intelligence and our own research on the topic. We discuss super-intelligence that transcends human understanding, explaining why such achievement seems impossible on the basis of present knowledge,and how AI could be improved. Finally, a summary is made of the current state of AI and what to do in the future. In the appendix, we look at the development of AI education, especially from the perspective of contents at our own university.
If you can wait until (possibly) post-Christmas, Amazon's got you covered for last-minute gifts with a slew of its Echo devices at unprecedented prices. From smart speakers to glasses, there's a present for everybody that will answer to "Hey, Alexa." The virtual assistant is available in a range of devices; get an Echo Dot speaker for your roommate that doubles as a subtle gift for yourself or buy your parents an Echo Show so they'll be able to video call you with ease. The 2020 edition of Amazon's OG speaker (still its newest iteration) has a 3.0" woofer and dual front-firing 0.8" tweeters. For the non-audiophiles to whom that sounds like a small version of Looney Tunes (Sylvester would be 2" in this scale), that just means that the compact little speaker has powerful sound that doesn't miss out on acoustic detail, with support for lossless HD audio with compatible streaming services. The Echo obviously has voice control for playing music, but Alexa also doubles as a butler to ...
The £240 ($250) Alexa-powered Echo Show 15 device boasts a 15.6-inch display that you can mount to your wall or place on your counter. Users can hang it horizontally or vertically on a wall, like a photo frame, as it displays how-to videos, recipes from the web or shows streamed from Netflix and Spotify. 'We think of it [Echo Show 15] as a kitchen TV, but much, much smarter,' said Miriam Daniel, vice president of Alexa and Echo devices. Echo Show 15 can display a live-stream from your smart doorbell, streaming services interfaces, personalized sticky notes to members of the family and much more. If you've opted to hang it from the wall and want to disable the display, users can ask Alexa to show a photo frame, and Echo Show 15 just shows photos, so it blends into the background. 'Echo Show 15 brings everything that makes your household tick into one place,' said Tom Taylor, senior vice president, Amazon Alexa.
During a recent visit to my brother's house, my sister-in-law pointed out their new Amazon Echo Dot. "It's so cute," she said, before showing me her primary use case: "Alexa, tell me a joke!" The sound of Jimmy Fallon's voice suddenly filled the room with a corny joke that made my sister-in-law laugh as she went about her day. Later that afternoon, I was in the house alone. In the time-honored tradition of sibling pranks, I decided to ask Alexa a few precisely worded and detailed queries, asking it multiple times and in multiple ways.
I'll admit, I wasn't impressed when Amazon added a rotating base to the new Echo Show 10. Sure, the swiveling screen is useful for following you around the room during video calls, but it also felt gimmicky and unnecessary. Plus, it needs a lot of room to move around so you're losing a significant amount of counter space. That's why I'm glad the Echo Show 8 and 5 haven't repeated that design. In fact, Amazon has changed very little between this edition and the last, but trust me when I say that's a good thing. It's the Echo Show 8 that has seen the most changes, but most of those are under the hood: It now has a faster octa-core processor plus a much-improved 13-megapixel wide-angle camera (the previous model only had a 1-megapixel sensor).
Next, you can decide whether to allow other members of your household to view a live screen of the Echo Show's camera (more on that in a little bit) and whether to enable Amazon's Sidewalk neighborhood network (ditto). Finally, the display will also run a few free Prime trials by you before Alexa takes you on a brief tour. I've already covered the controls and button along the top edge of the Echo Show 5, but I'm going to highlight a couple of them: the mic mute button and the camera shutter. When you press mic mute, the Echo Show will both disable the microphone as well as electrically shut off the camera, while three visual indicators--a red line at the bottom of the screen, a "mute" icon in the corner of the screen, and a red light on the mic mute button itself--will let you know that Alexa can't see or hear you.
At $100, Google's impressive Nest Audio was already good value for money, but a 25 percent discount has now brought it down to an even more affordable $75. Perhaps, it's a case of Google countering Amazon's early Prime Day deals on Echo speakers with a new all-time low price. Whatever the reasons behind the latest promo, it's always nice to have another option when shopping for tech. The Nest Audio is a solid bet for music fans on a budget. As we noticed in our tests, it's slightly louder than Apple's HomePod Mini and packs stronger bass, too. Inside the speaker is a 75mm woofer and 19mm tweeter, while the Google Home and Nest Mini make do with single drivers.
You won't find it written anywhere in the press materials, but the Beats Studio Buds may as well be called the AirPods 3. From their funky new design and minimalist theme to Apple-ready features like voice-activated Siri, these are immediately the obvious choice right now for AirPods fanatics who don't want to spend up for the AirPods Pro. Wisely, though, Apple has crafted these buds to be nearly as useful for either side of the mobile aisle, including native one-touch pairing for Android or iPhone, a simple but useful Android app, and quick access to alternative voice assistants. The result is a pair of buds that easily outdo the aging AirPods, no matter which phone you choose. The beats have a new pill-like design at their exterior for controls as well as easy insertion. The last Beats earbuds, the Powerbeats, were simply a step-down version of the Powerbeats Pro, chaining the clip-ons together for a more affordable workout option.
The Show 5 (second-gen) is one of several new touchscreen displays from Amazon this year, including the all-new Echo Show 5 (second-gen) Kids edition and the recently-revamped Echo Show 8 (second-gen). This is the first time that Amazon has refreshed the Echo Show 5 since 2019, but the upgrades are minimal between the first and second-gen models. However, if you're on the hunt for a compact Alexa display and don't already have one, the new Echo Show 5 is worth a look. The second-gen Show 5 comes with a white power adapter (15W) that spans about five feet in length. Plug the cord into the display, connect it to the internet, and follow the on-screen prompts to complete the setup process.
If it ain't broke, don't fix it. That seems to be the idea behind the second-gen Google Nest Hub, which--at first glance, anyway--could easily be mistaken for the original. This new Nest Hub keeps the first's slim, fabric-covered base and "floating" seven-inch display, along with onboard Google Assistant, an attractive, easy-to-use interface, plenty of video, music, and other entertainment options, and some of the best home automation functionality you'll find in a smart display. Sounds like a yawner, right? Well, that's literally true when it comes to the Nest Hub deux's major new feature: Sleep Sensing, an opt-in feature that allows the display to monitor your sleep without the need for a wristband. Powered by a tiny, built-in radar, the Nest Hub can actually sense your breathing as you slumber, and it'll give you detailed reports about your sleep history and quality.