Collaborating Authors


Soon Your Google Searches Can Combine Text and Images


In May, Google executives unveiled experimental new artificial intelligence trained with text and images they said would make internet searches more intuitive. Wednesday, Google offered a glimpse into how the tech will change the way people search the web. Starting next year, the Multitask Unified Model, or MUM, will enable Google users to combine text and image searches using Lens, a smartphone app that's also incorporated into Google search and other products. So you could, for example, take a picture of a shirt with Lens, then search for "socks with this pattern." Searching "how to fix" on an image of a bike part will surface instructional videos or blog posts.

Text-based Person Search in Full Images via Semantic-Driven Proposal Generation Artificial Intelligence

Finding target persons in full scene images with a query of text description has important practical applications in intelligent video surveillance.However, different from the real-world scenarios where the bounding boxes are not available, existing text-based person retrieval methods mainly focus on the cross modal matching between the query text descriptions and the gallery of cropped pedestrian images. To close the gap, we study the problem of text-based person search in full images by proposing a new end-to-end learning framework which jointly optimize the pedestrian detection, identification and visual-semantic feature embedding tasks. To take full advantage of the query text, the semantic features are leveraged to instruct the Region Proposal Network to pay more attention to the text-described proposals. Besides, a cross-scale visual-semantic embedding mechanism is utilized to improve the performance. To validate the proposed method, we collect and annotate two large-scale benchmark datasets based on the widely adopted image-based person search datasets CUHK-SYSU and PRW. Comprehensive experiments are conducted on the two datasets and compared with the baseline methods, our method achieves the state-of-the-art performance.

Sequential Modelling with Applications to Music Recommendation, Fact-Checking, and Speed Reading Artificial Intelligence

Sequential modelling entails making sense of sequential data, which naturally occurs in a wide array of domains. One example is systems that interact with users, log user actions and behaviour, and make recommendations of items of potential interest to users on the basis of their previous interactions. In such cases, the sequential order of user interactions is often indicative of what the user is interested in next. Similarly, for systems that automatically infer the semantics of text, capturing the sequential order of words in a sentence is essential, as even a slight re-ordering could significantly alter its original meaning. This thesis makes methodological contributions and new investigations of sequential modelling for the specific application areas of systems that recommend music tracks to listeners and systems that process text semantics in order to automatically fact-check claims, or "speed read" text for efficient further classification.

How Does Google Use Artificial Intelligence (AI)?


Every time you search for something in Google, artificial intelligence is working behind the scenes to generate responses to your query. A deep learning system called RankBrain has changed the way the search engine functions. In many cases, RankBrain handles search queries better than traditional algorithmic rules that were hand-coded by human engineers, and Google realized a long time ago that AI is the future of their search platform. AI will try to understand exactly what we are searching for and then deliver personalized results to us, based on what it knows about us. You may not realize it, but AI is already deeply integrated into many of the Google products you are using today.

Representation Learning for Efficient and Effective Similarity Search and Recommendation Artificial Intelligence

How data is represented and operationalized is critical for building computational solutions that are both effective and efficient. A common approach is to represent data objects as binary vectors, denoted \textit{hash codes}, which require little storage and enable efficient similarity search through direct indexing into a hash table or through similarity computations in an appropriate space. Due to the limited expressibility of hash codes, compared to real-valued representations, a core open challenge is how to generate hash codes that well capture semantic content or latent properties using a small number of bits, while ensuring that the hash codes are distributed in a way that does not reduce their search efficiency. State of the art methods use representation learning for generating such hash codes, focusing on neural autoencoder architectures where semantics are encoded into the hash codes by learning to reconstruct the original inputs of the hash codes. This thesis addresses the above challenge and makes a number of contributions to representation learning that (i) improve effectiveness of hash codes through more expressive representations and a more effective similarity measure than the current state of the art, namely the Hamming distance, and (ii) improve efficiency of hash codes by learning representations that are especially suited to the choice of search method. The contributions are empirically validated on several tasks related to similarity search and recommendation.

Boosting Search Engines with Interactive Agents Artificial Intelligence

Can machines learn to use a search engine as an interactive tool for finding information? That would have far reaching consequences for making the world's knowledge more accessible. This paper presents first steps in designing agents that learn meta-strategies for contextual query refinements. Our approach uses machine reading to guide the selection of refinement terms from aggregated search results. Agents are then empowered with simple but effective search operators to exert fine-grained and transparent control over queries and search results. We develop a novel way of generating synthetic search sessions, which leverages the power of transformer-based generative language models through (self-)supervised learning. We also present a reinforcement learning agent with dynamically constrained actions that can learn interactive search strategies completely from scratch. In both cases, we obtain significant improvements over one-shot search with a strong information retrieval baseline. Finally, we provide an in-depth analysis of the learned search policies.

Web image search engine based on LSH index and CNN Resnet50 Artificial Intelligence

To implement a good Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) system, it is essential to adopt efficient search methods. One way to achieve this results is by exploiting approximate search techniques. In fact, when we deal with very large collections of data, using an exact search method makes the system very slow. In this project, we adopt the Locality Sensitive Hashing (LSH) index to implement a CBIR system that allows us to perform fast similarity search on deep features. Specifically, we exploit transfer learning techniques to extract deep features from images; this phase is done using two famous Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) as features extractors: Resnet50 and Resnet50v2, both pre-trained on ImageNet. Then we try out several fully connected deep neural networks, built on top of both of the previously mentioned CNNs in order to fine-tuned them on our dataset. In both of previous cases, we index the features within our LSH index implementation and within a sequential scan, to better understand how much the introduction of the index affects the results. Finally, we carry out a performance analysis: we evaluate the relevance of the result set, computing the mAP (mean Average Precision) value obtained during the different experiments with respect to the number of done comparison and varying the hyper-parameter values of the LSH index.

Advancing Neural Search with Jina 2.0


To understand the basics of neural search and how it differs from conventional search please go through my previous blog on "Next-gen powered by Jina". It explains how Jina- a cloud-native, open-source company is pioneering the field of neural search. It builds on the idea of semantic search and explains the basic building blocks of the Jina framework required to build intelligent search applications. Just as a recap the idea behind neural search is to leverage state-of-the-art deep neural networks to intelligently retrieve contextual and semantically relevant information from the heaps of data. A neural search system can go way beyond simple text search by allowing you to search through all the formats of data including images, videos, audios, and even PDFs.

TPRM: A Topic-based Personalized Ranking Model for Web Search Artificial Intelligence

Ranking models have achieved promising results, but it remains challenging to design personalized ranking systems to leverage user profiles and semantic representations between queries and documents. In this paper, we propose a topic-based personalized ranking model (TPRM) that integrates user topical profile with pretrained contextualized term representations to tailor the general document ranking list. Experiments on the real-world dataset demonstrate that TPRM outperforms state-of-the-art ad-hoc ranking models and personalized ranking models significantly. Keywords: personalized ranking model · personalized search · topic model · user profile.

High Quality Related Search Query Suggestions using Deep Reinforcement Learning Artificial Intelligence

"High Quality Related Search Query Suggestions" task aims at recommending search queries which are real, accurate, diverse, relevant and engaging. Obtaining large amounts of query-quality human annotations is expensive. Prior work on supervised query suggestion models suffered from selection and exposure bias, and relied on sparse and noisy immediate user-feedback (e.g., clicks), leading to low quality suggestions. Reinforcement Learning techniques employed to reformulate a query using terms from search results, have limited scalability to large-scale industry applications. To recommend high quality related search queries, we train a Deep Reinforcement Learning model to predict the query a user would enter next. The reward signal is composed of long-term session-based user feedback, syntactic relatedness and estimated naturalness of generated query. Over the baseline supervised model, our proposed approach achieves a significant relative improvement in terms of recommendation diversity (3%), down-stream user-engagement (4.2%) and per-sentence word repetitions (82%).