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3D Machine Learning 201 Guide: Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation

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Having the skills and the knowledge to attack every aspect of point cloud processing opens up many ideas and development doors. It is like a toolbox for 3D research creativity and development agility. And at the core, there is this incredible Artificial Intelligence space that targets 3D scene understanding. It is particularly relevant due to its importance for many applications, such as self-driving cars, autonomous robots, 3D mapping, virtual reality, and the Metaverse. And if you are an automation geek like me, it is hard to resist the temptation to have new paths to answer these challenges! This tutorial aims to give you what I consider the essential footing to do just that: the knowledge and code skills for developing 3D Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation systems. But actually, how can we apply semantic segmentation? And how challenging is 3D Machine Learning? Let me present a clear, in-depth 201 hands-on course focused on 3D Machine Learning.


Three opportunities of Digital Transformation: AI, IoT and Blockchain

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Koomey's law This law posits that the energy efficiency of computation doubles roughly every one-and-a-half years (see Figure 1–7). In other words, the energy necessary for the same amount of computation halves in that time span. To visualize the exponential impact this has, consider the face that a fully charged MacBook Air, when applying the energy efficiency of computation of 1992, would completely drain its battery in a mere 1.5 seconds. According to Koomey's law, the energy requirements for computation in embedded devices is shrinking to the point that harvesting the required energy from ambient sources like solar power and thermal energy should suffice to power the computation necessary in many applications. Metcalfe's law This law has nothing to do with chips, but all to do with connectivity. Formulated by Robert Metcalfe as he invented Ethernet, the law essentially states that the value of a network increases exponentially with regard to the number of its nodes (see Figure 1–8).


What is AI Visual Inspection for Defect Detection?

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Artificial intelligence is a crucial differentiator for businesses, with numerous applications in almost every domain. From self-driving cars to Siri and Alexa, AI is the critical enabler for next-generation services transforming the way we live. AI can enable systems to make intelligent decisions based on past data, from deciding which products customers might like best to identifying potential medical problems before they escalate into emergencies. Among this wide range of AI applications around the globe, automated visual inspection is highly appreciated. Visual inspection is one of the most commonly used approaches in the production process.


Neuralink and Tesla have an AI problem that Elon's money can't solve

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Elon Musk's problems are bigger and more important than yours. While most of us are consumed with our day-to-day activities, Musk has been anointed by a higher power to save us all from ourselves. He's here to ensure we eliminate car accidents, make traffic a thing of the past, solve autism (his words, not mine), connect human brains to machines, fill the night sky with satellites so everyone can have internet access, and colonize Mars. He doesn't exactly know how we're going to accomplish all those things, but he has more than enough money to turn any and every single good idea he's ever had into a functioning industry. Who cares if Tesla's 10, 20, or 100 years away from actually solving the driverless car problem?


CNN for Autonomous Driving

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Artificial intelligence is entering our lives at a rapid pace. We can say that society is currently undergoing a digital transformation, as there is a profound paradigm shift within it. As more and…


Perception for Self-Driving Cars -- Free Deep Learning Course

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An important use for computer vision and deep learning is self driving cars. Perception and Computer Vision forms about 80% of the work that Self Driving Cars do to drive around. If you want to improve your deep learning skills, this is a great topic to learn about. We just published a deep learning course on the freeCodeCamp.org Sakshay is a machine learning engineer and an excellent teacher.


Self-Driving Cars With Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) - neptune.ai

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Humanity has been waiting for self-driving cars for several decades. Thanks to the extremely fast evolution of technology, this idea recently went from "possible" to "commercially available in a Tesla". Deep learning is one of the main technologies that enabled self-driving. It's a versatile tool that can solve almost any problem – it can be used in physics, for example, the proton-proton collision in the Large Hadron Collider, just as well as in Google Lens to classify pictures. Deep learning is a technology that can help solve almost any type of science or engineering problem. CNN is the primary algorithm that these systems use to recognize and classify different parts of the road, and to make appropriate decisions. Along the way, we'll see how Tesla, Waymo, and Nvidia use CNN algorithms to make their cars driverless or autonomous. The first self-driving car was invented in 1989, it was the Automatic Land Vehicle in Neural Network (ALVINN). It used neural networks to detect lines, segment the environment, navigate itself, and drive. It worked well, but it was limited by slow processing powers and insufficient data.


Agent-Based Modeling for Predicting Pedestrian Trajectories Around an Autonomous Vehicle

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

This paper addresses modeling and simulating pedestrian trajectories when interacting with an autonomous vehicle in a shared space. Most pedestrian–vehicle interaction models are not suitable for predicting individual trajectories. Data-driven models yield accurate predictions but lack generalizability to new scenarios, usually do not run in real time and produce results that are poorly explainable. Current expert models do not deal with the diversity of possible pedestrian interactions with the vehicle in a shared space and lack microscopic validation. We propose an expert pedestrian model that combines the social force model and a new decision model for anticipating pedestrian–vehicle interactions. The proposed model integrates different observed pedestrian behaviors, as well as the behaviors of the social groups of pedestrians, in diverse interaction scenarios with a car. We calibrate the model by fitting the parameters values on a training set. We validate the model and evaluate its predictive potential through qualitative and quantitative comparisons with ground truth trajectories. The proposed model reproduces observed behaviors that have not been replicated by the social force model and outperforms the social force model at predicting pedestrian behavior around the vehicle on the used dataset. The model generates explainable and real-time trajectory predictions. Additional evaluation on a new dataset shows that the model generalizes well to new scenarios and can be applied to an autonomous vehicle embedded prediction.


The 5 Biggest Computer Vision Trends In 2022

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Computer vision (sometimes called machine vision) is one of the most exciting applications of artificial intelligence. Algorithms that are able to understand images – both pictures and moving video – are a key technological foundation behind many innovations, from autonomous, self-driving vehicles to smart industrial machinery and even the filters on your phone that make the pictures you upload to Instagram look more pretty. Along with language processing abilities (natural language processing, or "NLP") its fundamental to our efforts to build machines that are capable of understanding and learning about the world around them, just like we do. Generally, it involves applications powered by deep learning – neural networks trained on thousands, millions or billions of images until they become experts at classifying what they can "see." The value of the market in computer vision technology is predicted to hit $48 billion by the end of 2022 and is likely to be a source of ongoing innovation and breakthroughs throughout the year. So let's take a look at some of the key trends we'll be following involving this fascinating technology: Data-centric artificial intelligence is based on the idea that equal, if not more, focus should be put into optimizing the quality of data used to train algorithms, as is put into developing the models and algorithms themselves.


Software Engineer, Calibration

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Woven Planet is building the safest mobility in the world. A subsidiary of Toyota, Woven Planet innovates and invests in new technologies, software, and business models that transform how we live, work and move. With a focus on automated driving, smart cities, robotics and more, we build on Toyota's legacy of trust and safety to deliver mobility solutions for all. For nearly a century, Toyota has been delivering products and services that improve lives. Automation that originated to increase the efficiency of daily activities has evolved into the safe, reliable, connected automobiles we enjoy and depend on today.