Collaborating Authors


[100%OFF] Machine Learning & Deep Learning in Python & R


Learn how to solve real life problem using the Machine learning techniques Machine Learning models such as Linear Regression, Logistic Regression, KNN etc. Advanced Machine Learning models such as Decision trees, XGBoost, Random Forest, SVM etc. Understanding of basics of statistics and concepts of Machine Learning How to do basic statistical operations and run ML models in Python Indepth knowledge of data collection and data preprocessing for Machine Learning problem How to convert business problem into a Machine learning problem Can I get a certificate after completing the course? Are there any other coupons available for this course? Note: 100% OFF Udemy coupon codes are valid for maximum 3 days only. Look for "ENROLL NOW" button at the end of the post. Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links and we may get small commission if you make a purchase.

Artificial Intellgence -- Application in Life Sciences and Beyond. The Upper Rhine Artificial Intelligence Symposium UR-AI 2021 Artificial Intelligence

The TriRhenaTech alliance presents the accepted papers of the 'Upper-Rhine Artificial Intelligence Symposium' held on October 27th 2021 in Kaiserslautern, Germany. Topics of the conference are applications of Artificial Intellgence in life sciences, intelligent systems, industry 4.0, mobility and others. The TriRhenaTech alliance is a network of universities in the Upper-Rhine Trinational Metropolitan Region comprising of the German universities of applied sciences in Furtwangen, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe, Offenburg and Trier, the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Loerrach, the French university network Alsace Tech (comprised of 14 'grandes \'ecoles' in the fields of engineering, architecture and management) and the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland. The alliance's common goal is to reinforce the transfer of knowledge, research, and technology, as well as the cross-border mobility of students.

VisRuler: Visual Analytics for Extracting Decision Rules from Bagged and Boosted Decision Trees Machine Learning

Bagging and boosting are two popular ensemble methods in machine learning (ML) that produce many individual decision trees. Due to the inherent ensemble characteristic of these methods, they typically outperform single decision trees or other ML models in predictive performance. However, numerous decision paths are generated for each decision tree, increasing the overall complexity of the model and hindering its use in domains that require trustworthy and explainable decisions, such as finance, social care, and health care. Thus, the interpretability of bagging and boosting algorithms, such as random forests and adaptive boosting, reduces as the number of decisions rises. In this paper, we propose a visual analytics tool that aims to assist users in extracting decisions from such ML models via a thorough visual inspection workflow that includes selecting a set of robust and diverse models (originating from different ensemble learning algorithms), choosing important features according to their global contribution, and deciding which decisions are essential for global explanation (or locally, for specific cases). The outcome is a final decision based on the class agreement of several models and the explored manual decisions exported by users. Finally, we evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of VisRuler via a use case, a usage scenario, and a user study.

Regression with Missing Data, a Comparison Study of TechniquesBased on Random Forests Machine Learning

Random forests and recursive trees are widely used in applied statistics and computer science. The popularity of recursive trees relies on several factors: their easy interpretability, the fact that they can be used for both regression and classification tasks, the small number of hyper-parameters to be tuned and finally, their non-parametric nature that allows their use to infer arbitrarily complex relations between the input and the output space. A random forest combines several randomized trees, improving the prediction accuracy at a cost of a slight lost in interpretation. This technique is easily parallelizable which has made it one of the most popular tools for handling high dimensional data sets. It has been successfully involved in various practical problems, including chemioinformatics, ecology, 3D object recognition, bioinformatics and econometrics. Biau and Scornet (2016) present a detailed list of applications as well as a review on random forests. In the present work we have focused on the ability of random forests to deal with missing values.

Sub-Setting Algorithm for Training Data Selection in Pattern Recognition Machine Learning

Modern pattern recognition tasks use complex algorithms that take advantage of large datasets to make more accurate predictions than traditional algorithms such as decision trees or k-nearest-neighbor better suited to describe simple structures. While increased accuracy is often crucial, less complexity also has value. This paper proposes a training data selection algorithm that identifies multiple subsets with simple structures. A learning algorithm trained on such a subset can classify an instance belonging to the subset with better accuracy than the traditional learning algorithms. In other words, while existing pattern recognition algorithms attempt to learn a global mapping function to represent the entire dataset, we argue that an ensemble of simple local patterns may better describe the data. Hence the sub-setting algorithm identifies multiple subsets with simple local patterns by identifying similar instances in the neighborhood of an instance. This motivation has similarities to that of gradient boosted trees but focuses on the explainability of the model that is missing for boosted trees. The proposed algorithm thus balances accuracy and explainable machine learning by identifying a limited number of subsets with simple structures. We applied the proposed algorithm to the international stroke dataset to predict the probability of survival. Our bottom-up sub-setting algorithm performed on an average 15% better than the top-down decision tree learned on the entire dataset. The different decision trees learned on the identified subsets use some of the previously unused features by the whole dataset decision tree, and each subset represents a distinct population of data.

Decision Trees, Random Forests, AdaBoost & XGBoost in Python


In this section we will learn - What does Machine Learning mean. What are the meanings or different terms associated with machine learning? You will see some examples so that you understand what machine learning actually is. It also contains steps involved in building a machine learning model, not just linear models, any machine learning model.

Probabilistic Gradient Boosting Machines for Large-Scale Probabilistic Regression Machine Learning

Gradient Boosting Machines (GBM) are hugely popular for solving tabular data problems. However, practitioners are not only interested in point predictions, but also in probabilistic predictions in order to quantify the uncertainty of the predictions. Creating such probabilistic predictions is difficult with existing GBM-based solutions: they either require training multiple models or they become too computationally expensive to be useful for large-scale settings. We propose Probabilistic Gradient Boosting Machines (PGBM), a method to create probabilistic predictions with a single ensemble of decision trees in a computationally efficient manner. PGBM approximates the leaf weights in a decision tree as a random variable, and approximates the mean and variance of each sample in a dataset via stochastic tree ensemble update equations. These learned moments allow us to subsequently sample from a specified distribution after training. We empirically demonstrate the advantages of PGBM compared to existing state-of-the-art methods: (i) PGBM enables probabilistic estimates without compromising on point performance in a single model, (ii) PGBM learns probabilistic estimates via a single model only (and without requiring multi-parameter boosting), and thereby offers a speedup of up to several orders of magnitude over existing state-of-the-art methods on large datasets, and (iii) PGBM achieves accurate probabilistic estimates in tasks with complex differentiable loss functions, such as hierarchical time series problems, where we observed up to 10% improvement in point forecasting performance and up to 300% improvement in probabilistic forecasting performance.

Crossbreeding in Random Forest Artificial Intelligence

Ensemble learning methods are designed to benefit from multiple learning algorithms for better predictive performance. The tradeoff of this improved performance is slower speed and larger size of ensemble learning systems compared to single learning systems. In this paper, we present a novel approach to deal with this problem in Random Forest (RF) as one of the most powerful ensemble methods. The method is based on crossbreeding of the best tree branches to increase the performance of RF in space and speed while keeping the performance in the classification measures. The proposed approach has been tested on a group of synthetic and real datasets and compared to the standard RF approach. Several evaluations have been conducted to determine the effects of the Crossbred RF (CRF) on the accuracy and the number of trees in a forest. The results show better performance of CRF compared to RF.

Decision Trees, Random Forests, AdaBoost & XGBoost in Python


You're looking for a complete Decision tree course that teaches you everything you need to create a Decision tree/ Random Forest/ XGBoost model in Python, right? You've found the right Decision Trees and tree based advanced techniques course! How this course will help you? A Verifiable Certificate of Completion is presented to all students who undertake this Machine learning advanced course. If you are a business manager or an executive, or a student who wants to learn and apply machine learning in Real world problems of business, this course will give you a solid base for that by teaching you some of the advanced technique of machine learning, which are Decision tree, Random Forest, Bagging, AdaBoost and XGBoost.

DART: Data Addition and Removal Trees Machine Learning

How can we update data for a machine learning model after it has already trained on that data? In this paper, we introduce DART, a variant of random forests that supports adding and removing training data with minimal retraining. Data updates in DART are exact, meaning that adding or removing examples from a DART model yields exactly the same model as retraining from scratch on updated data. DART uses two techniques to make updates efficient. The first is to cache data statistics at each node and training data at each leaf, so that only the necessary subtrees are retrained. The second is to choose the split variable randomly at the upper levels of each tree, so that the choice is completely independent of the data and never needs to change. At the lower levels, split variables are chosen to greedily maximize a split criterion such as Gini index or mutual information. By adjusting the number of random-split levels, DART can trade off between more accurate predictions and more efficient updates. In experiments on ten real-world datasets and one synthetic dataset, we find that DART is orders of magnitude faster than retraining from scratch while sacrificing very little in terms of predictive performance.