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Empowering Things with Intelligence: A Survey of the Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities in Artificial Intelligence of Things

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

In the Internet of Things (IoT) era, billions of sensors and devices collect and process data from the environment, transmit them to cloud centers, and receive feedback via the internet for connectivity and perception. However, transmitting massive amounts of heterogeneous data, perceiving complex environments from these data, and then making smart decisions in a timely manner are difficult. Artificial intelligence (AI), especially deep learning, is now a proven success in various areas including computer vision, speech recognition, and natural language processing. AI introduced into the IoT heralds the era of artificial intelligence of things (AIoT). This paper presents a comprehensive survey on AIoT to show how AI can empower the IoT to make it faster, smarter, greener, and safer. Specifically, we briefly present the AIoT architecture in the context of cloud computing, fog computing, and edge computing. Then, we present progress in AI research for IoT from four perspectives: perceiving, learning, reasoning, and behaving. Next, we summarize some promising applications of AIoT that are likely to profoundly reshape our world. Finally, we highlight the challenges facing AIoT and some potential research opportunities.


Predicting Demographics, Moral Foundations, and Human Values from Digital Behaviors

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Personal electronic devices such as smartphones give access to a broad range of behavioral signals that can be used to learn about the characteristics and preferences of individuals. In this study we explore the connection between demographic and psychological attributes and digital records for a cohort of 7,633 people, closely representative of the US population with respect to gender, age, geographical distribution, education, and income. We collected self-reported assessments on validated psychometric questionnaires based on both the Moral Foundations and Basic Human Values theories, and combined this information with passively-collected multi-modal digital data from web browsing behavior, smartphone usage and demographic data. Then, we designed a machine learning framework to infer both the demographic and psychological attributes from the behavioral data. In a cross-validated setting, our model is found to predict demographic attributes with good accuracy (weighted AUC scores of 0.90 for gender, 0.71 for age, 0.74 for ethnicity). Our weighted AUC scores for Moral Foundation attributes (0.66) and Human Values attributes (0.60) suggest that accurate prediction of complex psychometric attributes is more challenging but feasible. This connection might prove useful for designing personalized services, communication strategies, and interventions, and can be used to sketch a portrait of people with similar worldviews.


The Significance of Mobile Apps in Today's Education System

#artificialintelligence

The power of technology upon education has been immense over the past few decades. There was a time when education was allied with currency, but the things have been changed now. Great education for students is no more a dream. There are millions of applications available at the play store, choosing the right one can revolutionize the way a student looks at the process of learning. Educational Apps by fusion Informatics are making things stress free for students to understand.