Collaborating Authors


Analyzing 25 Years of Privacy Policies with Machine Learning


A recent study has used machine learning analysis techniques to chart the readability, usefulness, length and complexity of more than 50,000 privacy policies on popular websites in a period covering 25 years from 1996 to 2021. The research concludes that the average reader would need to devote 400 hours of'annual reading time' (more than an hour a day) in order to penetrate the growing word counts, obfuscating language and vague language use that characterize the modern privacy policies of some of the most-frequented websites. 'The average policy length has almost doubled in the last ten years, with 2159 words in March 2011 and 4191 words in March 2021, and almost quadrupled since 2000 (1146 words).' The mean word count and sentence count among the corpus studied, over a 25 year period. Though the rate of increase in length spiked when the GDPR and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) protections came into force, the paper discounts these variations as'small effect sizes' which appear to be insignificant against the broader long-term trend.

Artificial Intelligence as a Service- Changing Future Dynamics of Business Solutions - Digital Journal


The rising number of innovative start-up operations working within the domain of AI powered tools and services is one of the key factors driving the growth within the global artificial intelligence as a service market. The solutions offered by the players and vendors functioning within the global artificial intelligence as a service market are utilized in a number of end use industry verticals, such as healthcare and life sciences, telecommunications, manufacturing, education, transportation, media and entertainment, banking, financial services, and insurance or BFSI, retail, government and defence, energy, and agriculture, among others. Some of the key technologies used by the players in the global artificial intelligence as a service market include deep learning, natural language processing or NLP, and machine learning or ML. The rising demand from the BFSI industry vertical is positively influencing the growth in the global artificial intelligence as a service market. On the other hand, healthcare and life sciences end use industry vertical is also expected to contribute heavily in the development of the global artificial intelligence as a service market in coming years.

The 30 top artificial intelligence companies most well founded


Artificial intelligence (AI) is currently one of the most disruptive technologies, and it is a great means for startups to achieve their hyper-growth goals. Artificial intelligence has numerous applications in fields such as big data, computer vision, and natural language processing, and is revolutionizing businesses, industries, and people's lives. Among the most well-funded and promising independent startups, the majority of the top Artificial Intelligence companies are from the US or China, with many more countries participating. The benefits of AI in many industries are evident in these two key countries, but each country seems to have slightly different concerns. The largest AI startups in the U.S. are particularly present in the areas of big data analytics and process automation for business, autonomous driving and biotechnology.

Beginning Machine Learning with AWS


Machine Learning with AWS is the right place to start if you are a beginner interested in learning useful artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning skills using Amazon Web Services (AWS), the most popular and powerful cloud platform. You will learn how to use AWS to transform your projects into apps that work at high speed and are highly scalable. From natural language processing (NLP) applications, such as language translation and understanding news articles and other text sources, to creating chatbots with both voice and text interfaces, you will learn all that there is to know about using AWS to your advantage. You will also understand how to process huge numbers of images fast and create machine learning models. By the end of this course, you will have developed the skills you need to efficiently use AWS in your machine learning and artificial intelligence projects.

Adept aims to build AI that can automate any software process – TechCrunch


In 2016 at TechCrunch Disrupt New York, several of the original developers behind what became Siri unveiled Viv, an AI platform that promised to connect various third-party applications to perform just about any task. The pitch was tantalizing -- but never fully realized. Samsung later acquired Viv, folding a pared-down version of the tech into its Bixby voice assistant. Six years later, a new team claims to have cracked the code to a universal AI assistant -- or at least to have gotten a little bit closer. At a product lab called Adept that emerged from stealth today with $65 million in funding, they are -- in the founders' words -- "build[ing] general intelligence that enables humans and computers to work together creatively to solve problems."

Modern Computing: A Short History, 1945-2022


Inspired by A New History of Modern Computing by Thomas Haigh and Paul E. Ceruzzi. But the selection of key events in the journey from ENIAC to Tesla, from Data Processing to Big Data, is mine. This was the first computer made by Apple Computers Inc, which became one of the fastest growing ... [ ] companies in history, launching a number of innovative and influential computer hardware and software products. Most home computer users in the 1970s were hobbyists who designed and assembled their own machines. The Apple I, devised in a bedroom by Steve Wozniak, Steven Jobs and Ron Wayne, was a basic circuit board to which enthusiasts would add display units and keyboards. April 1945 John von Neumann's "First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC," often called the founding document of modern computing, defines "the stored program concept." July 1945 Vannevar Bush publishes "As We May Think," in which he envisions the "Memex," a memory extension device serving as a large personal repository of information that could be instantly retrieved through associative links.

Adversarial Framework with Certified Robustness for Time-Series Domain via Statistical Features

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

Time-series data arises in many real-world applications (e.g., mobile health) and deep neural networks (DNNs) have shown great success in solving them. Despite their success, little is known about their robustness to adversarial attacks. In this paper, we propose a novel adversarial framework referred to as Time-Series Attacks via STATistical Features (TSA-STAT). To address the unique challenges of time-series domain, TSA-STAT employs constraints on statistical features of the time-series data to construct adversarial examples. Optimized polynomial transformations are used to create attacks that are more effective (in terms of successfully fooling DNNs) than those based on additive perturbations. We also provide certified bounds on the norm of the statistical features for constructing adversarial examples. Our experiments on diverse real-world benchmark datasets show the effectiveness of TSA-STAT in fooling DNNs for time-series domain and in improving their robustness.

10 startups riding the wave of AI innovation


We are excited to bring Transform 2022 back in-person July 19 and virtually July 20 - 28. Join AI and data leaders for insightful talks and exciting networking opportunities. Organizations are increasingly adopting AI-enabled technologies to address existing and emerging problems within the enterprise ecosystem, meet changing market demands and deliver business outcomes at scale. Shubhangi Vashisth, senior principal research analyst at Gartner, said that AI innovation is happening at a rapid pace. Vashisth further noted that innovations including edge AI, computer vision, decision intelligence and machine learning will have a transformational impact on the market in coming years. However, while AI-powered technologies are helping to build more agile and effective enterprise systems, they usher in new challenges. For example, Gartner notes that AI-based approaches if left unchecked can perpetuate bias, leading to issues, loss of productivity and revenue.

Data Distribution Shifts and Monitoring


Note: This note is a work-in-progress, created for the course CS 329S: Machine Learning Systems Design (Stanford, 2022). For the fully developed text, see th...

Introducing Voice Search Experience at


Communication is a natural part of our everyday lives. People interact using voice and text, forming sentences to express what they desire. And yet, most of the search and discovery patterns out there rely on menu items and filter facets. Building on our mission at "Making it easier for everyone to experience the world", the ML & AI Product teams based in Tel Aviv decided to challenge the conventional search patterns by allowing the most natural way for everyone to communicate: using their voice. This is the story of how we built a native in-app voice assistant at, and as far as I know, the first voice search available today by a global online travel company.