"Talent and technology are the keys to unlocking our future in this industry-- finding ways for tech to come in and do a better job than people can in roles people have traditionally done," said MDC Partners global president Julia Hammond in explaining AI's value to her holding company. "The challenge with that is it's completely contradictory to the agency model, which has been built around people, so there's been a reluctance to build out AI and machine learning. We're actively pursuing it, in how we resource, how we scale and how we serve clients." Progress is being made elsewhere to find a happy middle ground. Last week, GroupM agency Wavemaker went public with its AI-driven media planning tool, Maximize, which the company claims is generating plans faster and more effectively than human planning teams alone. "It's a question of complexity of the problem solved.
CTO & MD at AX Semantics, the SaaS-based, Natural Language Generation Platform that creates any content, in any language, at any scale. The pandemic brought on economic, logistical and technological challenges on a massive global scale, leaving businesses scrambling to adapt. Amidst the upheaval, businesses turned to video conferencing platforms like Zoom and Google Meet to stay connected. Technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) helped augment human efforts to take on everything fromhealth tocybersecurity. Equally, businesses looked toward strategic execution and technology to remain agile among industry shifts and provide a greater return on investments.
When I heard the 60th annual Grammy Awards show was going to feature artificial intelligence, I immediately thought "this is a marketing ploy." But then I found out IBM's Watson was the AI in question. Watson, you see, doesn't have a problem rolling up its non-existent sleeves and doing some good old fashioned hard work. Don't expect a silly robot rolling around doing a human impersonation on the red carpet, IBM's machines show up to solve problems and optimize workflows. And while that isn't very sexy – hard work seldom is – it's incredibly important.
Even so, some experts found that it can be difficult to apply AI to treating complex medical conditions. Having access to data that represents patient populations broadly has been a challenge, experts told the Journal, and gaps in knowledge about complex diseases may not be fully captured in clinical databases. "I believe that we're many years away from AI products that really positively impact clinical care for many patients," said Bob Kocher, a partner at venture-capital firm Venrock who focuses on healthcare IT and services investments and who was a White House health adviser under President Barack Obama. Software that makes recommendations on personal medical treatments needs data on what actions have worked in the past. But data on medical histories and treatment outcomes aren't always complete, may be recorded in different formats, and may be sitting in various systems owned by insurance carriers, health providers and other organizations.
Here are some of the most significant themes we see as we look toward 2021. Some of these are emerging topics and others are developments on existing concepts, but all of them will inform our thinking in the coming year. MLOps attempts to bridge the gap between Machine Learning (ML) applications and the CI/CD pipelines that have become standard practice. ML presents a problem for CI/CD for several reasons. The data that powers ML applications is as important as code, making version control difficult; outputs are probabilistic rather than deterministic, making testing difficult; training a model is processor intensive and time consuming, making rapid build/deploy cycles difficult.
One of the dramatic trends at the intersection of computing and healthcare has been patients' increased access to medical information, ranging from self-tracked physiological data to genetic data, tests, and scans. Increasingly however, patients and clinicians have access to advanced machine learning-based tools for diagnosis, prediction, and recommendation based on large amounts of data, some of it patient-generated. Consequently, just as organizations have had to deal with a "Bring Your Own Device" (BYOD) reality5 in which employees use their personal devices (phones and tablets) for some aspects of their work, a similar reality of "Bring Your Own Algorithm" (BYOA) is emerging in healthcare with its own challenges and support demands. BYOA is changing patient-clinician interactions and the technologies, skills and workflows related to them. Situations in which patients have direct access to algorithmic advice are becoming commonplace.4
Seeking to call into question the mental acuity of his opponent, Donald Trump looked across the presidential debate stage at Joseph Biden and said, "So you said you went to Delaware State, but you forgot the name of your college. Biden chuckled, but viewers may have been left wondering: did the former vice president misstate where he went to school? Those who viewed the debate live on an app from the London-based company Logically were quickly served an answer: the president's assertion was false. A brief write-up posted on the company's website the next morning provided links to other fact-checks from National Public Radio and the Delaware News Journal on the same claim, which explain that Biden actually said his first Senate campaign received a boost from students at the school. Logically is one of a number of efforts, both commercial and academic, to apply techniques of artificial intelligence (AI), including machine learning and natural language processing (NLP), to identify false ...
International Business Machines Corp. is exploring a potential sale of its IBM Watson Health business, according to people familiar with the matter, as the technology giant's new chief executive moves to streamline the company and become more competitive in cloud computing. IBM is studying alternatives for the unit that could include a sale to a private-equity firm or industry player or a merger with a blank-check company, the people said. The unit, which employs artificial intelligence to help hospitals, insurers and drugmakers manage their data, has roughly $1 billion in annual revenue and isn't currently profitable, the people said. Its brands include Merge Healthcare, which analyzes mammograms and MRIs; Phytel, which assists with patient communications; and Truven Health Analytics, which analyzes complex healthcare data. It isn't clear how much the business might fetch in a sale, and there may not be one. IBM, with a market value of $108 billion, has been left behind as cloud-computing rivals Microsoft Corp. and Amazon.com
When I visit with non-IT corporate executives and ask them about artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP), they tell me that they have initiatives underway. But they don't exactly know what AI, ML, and NLP are. Trying to explain what AI, ML, and NLP are, how they work, and how they deliver results for the business isn't easy. Yet, all of these technologies have prominent roles in analytics as IT deploys them. It's incumbent upon CIOs and IT leaders to find ways to break down these technologies and their business deliverables in plain language for non-technical stakeholders.
Yet, OpenAI's GPT-2 language model does know how to reach a certain Peter W-- (name redacted for privacy). When prompted with a short snippet of Internet text, the model accurately generates Peter's contact information, including his work address, email, phone, and fax: In our recent paper, we evaluate how large language models memorize and regurgitate such rare snippets of their training data. We focus on GPT-2 and find that at least 0.1% of its text generations (a very conservative estimate) contain long verbatim strings that are "copy-pasted" from a document in its training set. Such memorization would be an obvious issue for language models that are trained on private data, e.g., on users' emails, as the model might inadvertently output a user's sensitive conversations. Regular readers of the BAIR blog may be familiar with the issue of data memorization in language models.