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Machine Learning


A closer look at the AI Incident Database of machine learning failures

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The failures of artificial intelligent systems have become a recurring theme in technology news. Recommendation systems that promote violent content. Trending algorithms that amplify fake news. Most complex software systems fail at some point and need to be updated regularly. We have procedures and tools that help us find and fix these errors.


AI And Creativity: Why OpenAI's Latest Model Matters

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When prompted to generate "a mural of a blue pumpkin on the side of a building," OpenAI's new deep ... [ ] learning model DALL-E produces this series of original images. OpenAI has done it again. Earlier this month, OpenAI--the research organization behind last summer's much-hyped language model GPT-3--released a new AI model named DALL-E. While it has generated less buzz than GPT-3 did, DALL-E has even more profound implications for the future of AI. In a nutshell, DALL-E takes text captions as input and produces original images as output. For instance, when fed phrases as diverse as "a pentagonal green clock," "a sphere made of fire" or "a mural of a blue pumpkin on the side of a building," DALL-E is able to generate shockingly accurate visual renderings.


Comparison of Read Mapping and Variant Calling Tools for the Analysis of Plant NGS Data

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High-throughput sequencing technologies have rapidly developed during the past years and have become an essential tool in plant sciences. However, the analysis of genomic data remains challenging and relies mostly on the performance of automatic pipelines. Frequently applied pipelines involve the alignment of sequence reads against a reference sequence and the identification of sequence variants. Since most benchmarking studies of bioinformatics tools for this purpose have been conducted on human datasets, there is a lack of benchmarking studies in plant sciences. In this study, we evaluated the performance of 50 different variant calling pipelines, including five read mappers and ten variant callers, on six real plant datasets of the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana. Sets of variants were evaluated based on various parameters including sensitivity and specificity. We found that all investigated tools are suitable for analysis of NGS data in plant research. When looking at different performance metrics, BWA-MEM and Novoalign were the best mappers and GATK returned the best results in the variant calling step.


AI in Analytics: Powering the Future of Data Analytics - Dataconomy

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Augmented analytics: the combination of AI and analytics is the latest innovation in data analytics. For organizations, data analysis has evolved from hiring "unicorn" data scientists – to having smart applications that provide actionable insights for decision-making in just a few clicks, thanks to AI. Augmenting by definition means making something greater in strength or value. Augmented analytics, also known as AI-driven analytics, helps in identifying hidden patterns in large data sets and uncovers trends and actionable insights. It leverages technologies such as Analytics, Machine Learning, and Natural Language Generation to automate data management processes and assist with the hard parts of analytics. The capabilities of AI are poised to augment analytics activities and enable companies to internalize data-driven decision-making while enabling everyone in the organization to easily deal with data.


Technology Is Rapidly Changing Cancer Care

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Technology and digital innovation are increasingly becoming the hottest trends in healthcare. The hype is largely well justified, considering the significant strides the field has made in recent years. One of the most significant areas where technology has really made an impact is in the field of cancer care and treatment. Among the most famous examples is IBM Watson, which has made vast inroads in the field of cancer. The Watson platform was developed with a broad vision to bring "data, technology and expertise together to transform health."


How Is Artificial Intelligence Changing B2B Companies?

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The B2B model focuses on selling services and products to other companies. More than one person is often involved in buying decisions, which pushes companies to create a meaningful product and customer service that can drive the business. There are potential benefits of using AI in the B2B space to make better decisions and produce faster results. That is why AI is gradually taking on various job functions. AI has impacted every industry, be it business intelligence, productivity, customer management, recruiting, sales and marketing, healthcare, etc.


Python–The Perfect Language for Machine Learning

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Machine Learning, in simple terms, is the ability of computers to learn on their own without the need to program new skills. Machine learning is really about advanced algorithms that, after processing certain data, can learn new things that can be very useful in making decisions. In turn, Python is one of the most popular high-level programming languages, which is characterized by high readability and clarity of the source code. Thanks to its clear and concise syntax, it is an ideal language for beginner programmers. The biggest advantages of the language are its simplicity, multiplicity of applications, security, and community.


Hitting the Books: AI doctors and the dangers tiered medical care

Engadget

Healthcare is a human right, however, nobody said all coverage is created equal. Artificial intelligence and machine learning systems are already making impressive inroads into the myriad fields of medicine -- from IBM's Watson: Hospital Edition and Amazon's AI-generated medical records to machine-formulated medications and AI-enabled diagnoses. But in the excerpt below from Frank Pasquale's New Laws of Robotics we can see how the promise of faster, cheaper, and more efficient medical diagnoses generated by AI/ML systems can also serve as a double-edged sword, potentially cutting off access to cutting-edge, high quality care provided by human doctors. Excerpted from New Laws of Robotics: Defending Human Expertise in the Age of AI by Frank Pasquale, published by The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. We might once have categorized a melanoma simply as a type of skin cancer.


Agile Machine Learning PDF

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Build resilient applied machine learning teams that deliver better data products through adapting the guiding principles of the Agile Manifesto. Bringing together talented people to create a great applied machine learning team is no small feat. With developers and data scientists both contributing expertise in their respective fields, communication alone can be a challenge. Agile Machine Learning teaches you how to deliver superior data products through agile processes and to learn, by example, how to organize and manage a fast-paced team challenged with solving novel data problems at scale, in a production environment. The authors' approach models the ground-breaking engineering principles described in the Agile Manifesto.


An intro to the fast-paced world of artificial intelligence

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The field of artificial intelligence is moving at a staggering clip, with breakthroughs emerging in labs across MIT. Through the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP), undergraduates get to join in. In two years, the MIT Quest for Intelligence has placed 329 students in research projects aimed at pushing the frontiers of computing and artificial intelligence, and using these tools to revolutionize how we study the brain, diagnose and treat disease, and search for new materials with mind-boggling properties. Rafael Gomez-Bombarelli, an assistant professor in the MIT Department of Materials Science and Engineering, has enlisted several Quest-funded undergraduates in his mission to discover new molecules and materials with the help of AI. "They bring a blue-sky open mind and a lot of energy," he says. "Through the Quest, we had the chance to connect with students from other majors who probably wouldn't have thought to reach out."