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Machine Learning


Microsoft Releases AI Training Library ZeRO-3 Offload

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Microsoft recently open-sourced ZeRO-3 Offload, an extension of their DeepSpeed AI training library that improves memory efficiency while training very large deep-learning models. ZeRO-3 Offload allows users to train models with up to 40 billion parameters on a single GPU and over 2 trillion parameters on 512 GPUs. The DeepSpeed team provided an overview of the features and benefits of the release in a recent blog post. ZeRO-3 Offload increases the memory efficiency of distributed training for deep-learning models built on the PyTorch framework, providing super-linear scaling across multiple GPUs. By offloading the storage of some data from the GPU to the CPU, larger model sizes per GPU can be trained, enabling model sizes up to 40B parameters on a single GPU.


Deep Learning vs Machine Learning

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Machine Learning and Deep Learning are concepts that are often overlapping. There can be a slight confusion between the terms, and thus, let us look at Machine learning vs Deep learning, and understand the similarities and differences between the same. Machine learning uses a set of algorithms to analyse and interpret data, learn from it, and based on the learnings, make best possible decisions. On the other hand, Deep learning structures the algorithms into multiple layers in order to create an "artificial neural network". This neural network can learn from the data and make intelligent decisions on its own.


Google is poisoning its reputation with AI researchers

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Google has worked for years to position itself as a responsible steward of AI. Its research lab hires respected academics, publishes groundbreaking papers, and steers the agenda at the field's biggest conferences. But now its reputation has been badly, perhaps irreversibly damaged, just as the company is struggling to put a politically palatable face on its empire of data. The company's decision to fire Timnit Gebru and Margaret Mitchell -- two of its top AI ethics researchers, who happened to be examining the downsides of technology integral to Google's search products -- has triggered waves of protest. Academics have registered their discontent in various ways.


Artificial Intelligence: Reinforcement Learning in Python

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Portfolio Optimization using Reinforcement Learning

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Reinforcement learning is arguably the coolest branch of artificial intelligence. It has already proven its prowess: stunning the world, beating the world champions in games of Chess, Go, and even DotA 2. Using RL for stock trading has always been a holy grail among data scientists. Stock trading has drawn our imaginations because of its ease of access and to misquote Cardi B, we like diamond and we like dollars . There are several ways of using Machine Learning for stock trading. One approach is to use forecasting techniques to predict the movement of the stock and build some heuristic based bot that uses the prediction to make decisions.


How machine learning can revolutionize the quality of hearing

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As machine learning (ML) integrates itself into almost every industry – from automotive and healthcare to banking and manufacturing- the most exciting advancements look as if they are still yet to come. Machine learning as a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) have been among the most significant technological developments in recent history, with few fields possessing the same amount of potential to disrupt a wide range of industries. And while many applications of ML technology go unseen, there are countless ways companies are harnessing its power in new and intriguing applications. That said, ML's revolutionary impact is most poised perhaps when put to use for age-old problems. Hearing loss is not a new condition by any means, and people have suffered from it for centuries.


Artificial intelligence can accelerate clinical diagnosis of fragile X syndrome

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An analysis of electronic health records for 1.7 million Wisconsin patients revealed a variety of health problems newly associated with fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability and autism, and may help identify cases years in advance of the typical clinical diagnosis. Researchers from the Waisman Center at the University of Wisconsin–Madison found that people with fragile X are more likely than the general population to also have diagnoses for a variety of circulatory, digestive, metabolic, respiratory, and genital and urinary disorders. Their study, published recently in the journal Genetics in Medicine, the official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, shows that machine learning algorithms may help identify undiagnosed cases of fragile X syndrome based on diagnoses of other physical and mental impairments. "Machine learning is providing new opportunities to look at huge amounts of data," says lead author Arezoo Movaghar, a postdoctoral fellow at the Waisman Center. "There's no way that we can look at 2 million records and just go through them one by one. We need those tools to help us to learn from what is in the data."


Protecting people from hazardous areas through virtual boundaries with Computer Vision

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As companies welcome more autonomous robots and other heavy equipment into the workplace, we need to ensure equipment can operate safely around human teammates. In this post, we will show you how to build a virtual boundary with computer vision and AWS DeepLens, the AWS deep learning-enabled video camera designed for developers to learn machine learning (ML). Using the machine learning techniques in this post, you can build virtual boundaries for restricted areas that automatically shut down equipment or sound an alert when humans come close. For this project, you will train a custom object detection model with Amazon SageMaker and deploy the model to an AWS DeepLens device. Object detection is an ML algorithm that takes an image as input and identifies objects and their location within the image.


Infographic – Data Science VS Deep Learning: Will Tim Go to Mumbai in Business Class Next Month?

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It's well known among marketers that a customer's explicit intent, such as browsing a product page, is a strong indicator of future purchase behavior. By layering previous purchasing patterns and pre-defined behavioral segments, marketers are targeting campaigns that are supposed to be relevant and therefore effective. But while 89% of marketers say they are personalizing experiences and messages, only 5% of consumers say messages and offers are well-timed with their needs. If explicit intent is connected to future purchase behavior, then what's driving a wedge between marketers and their customers? The infographic below shows how machine learning techniques for campaign targeting create sub-optimal predictions that eliminate potential buyers and damage customer experience.


What is 'Machine Learning'?

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Technology is evolving at an exponential rate, and a plethora of new terms have entered the sector's vernacular in recent years. One of those is'Machine Learning' – but what does it mean and how does it affect the business world? The term'Machine Learning' is defined by the study of computer algorithms that can automatically improve user experience through the use of data. It achieves this through the use of innovative Artificial Intelligence (AI). Through its increased use, it can help predict outcomes through the information it has collected – which can then be utilised in almost every sector that embraces the technology.