"The field of Machine Learning seeks to answer these questions: How can we build computer systems that automatically improve with experience, and what are the fundamental laws that govern all learning processes?"
– from The Discipline of Machine Learning by Tom Mitchell. CMU-ML-06-108, 2006.
Deep reinforcement learning (DRL) is transitioning from a research field focused on game playing to a technology with real-world applications. Notable examples include DeepMind's work on controlling a nuclear reactor or on improving Youtube video compression, or Tesla attempting to use a method inspired by MuZero for autonomous vehicle behavior planning. But the exciting potential for real world applications of RL should also come with a healthy dose of caution – for example RL policies are well known to be vulnerable to exploitation, and methods for safe and robust policy development are an active area of research. At the same time as the emergence of powerful RL systems in the real world, the public and researchers are expressing an increased appetite for fair, aligned, and safe machine learning systems. The focus of these research efforts to date has been to account for shortcomings of datasets or supervised learning practices that can harm individuals.
Tiernan Ray has been covering technology and business for 27 years. He was most recently technology editor for Barron's where he wrote daily market coverage for the Tech Trader blog and wrote the weekly print column of that name. DeepMind's "Gato" neural network excels at numerous tasks including controlling robotic arms that stack blocks, playing Atari 2600 games, and captioning images. The world is used to seeing headlines about the latest breakthrough by deep learning forms of artificial intelligence. The latest achievement of the DeepMind division of Google, however, might be summarized as, "One AI program that does a so-so job at a lot of things."
Experts say a perfect storm of supply-and-demand issues are sending gas prices in Los Angeles soaring again, with the price-per-gallon increasing more than 14 cents in the last 16 days, according to the latest fuel prices tracked by AAA. L.A. fuel prices are again inching toward a $6-a-gallon record set in March. The average price of a gallon of regular gasoline in the Los Angeles area is currently $5.91, with plenty of stations charging well over that. A year ago the price was $4.16. Overnight, the price jumped 2.2 cents, the highest level it has risen since February.
According to Gartner, AI applies advanced analysis and logic-based techniques, including machine learning, to interpret events, support and automate decision-making, and take action. In essence, the concept of AI centres on enabling computer systems to think and act in a more'human' way, by learning from and responding to the vast amounts of information they're able to use. AI is already transforming our everyday lives. From the AI features on our smartphones such as built-in smart assistants, to the AI-curated content and recommendations on our social media feeds and streaming services. As the name suggests, machine learning is based on the idea that systems can learn from data to automate and improve how things are done – by using advanced algorithms (a set of rules or instructions) to analyse data, identify patterns and make decisions and recommendations based on what they find.
Why are we on the verge of creating a technology that will combine the computer with the human nervous system into a single complex? Can a computer system handle the flood of data from billions of living neurons? I will try to answer these questions in this article. In the previous article "Individual artificial intelligence: A new technology that will change our world", we talked about the fact that a new type of artificial intelligence will become a bioelectronic hybrid in which a living human brain and a computer will work together. Thus, a new type of AI will be born – individual artificial intelligence.
Artificial intelligence has a wide range of uses in businesses, including streamlining job processes and aggregating business data. We will show you exactly how to succeed these applications, through Real World Business case studies. And for each of these applications we will build a separate AI to solve the challenge. In Part 1 - Optimizing Processes, we will build an AI that will optimize the flows in an E-Commerce warehouse. In Part 2 - Minimizing Costs, we will build a more advanced AI that will minimize the costs in energy consumption of a data center by more than 50%!
Machine learning and other artificial intelligence (AI) methods have had immense success with scientific and technical tasks such as predicting how protein molecules fold and recognising faces in a crowd. However, the application of these methods to the humanities is yet to be fully explored. What can AI tell us about philosophy and religion, for example? As a starting point for such an exploration, we used deep learning AI methods to analyse English translations of the Bhagavad Gita, an ancient Hindu text written originally in Sanskrit. Using a deep learning-based language model called BERT, we studied sentiment (emotions) and semantics (meanings) in the translations.
The models can have many hyperparameters and finding the best combination of the parameter using grid search methods. Grid search is a technique for tuning hyperparameter that may facilitate build a model and evaluate a model for every combination of algorithms parameters per grid. We might use 10 fold cross-validation to search the best value for that tuning hyperparameter. These values are called hyperparameters. To get the simplest set of hyperparameters we will use the Grid Search method.
Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) have developed a sensor that can be trained to sniff for cancer, with the help of artificial intelligence. Although the training doesn't work the same way one trains a police dog to sniff for explosives or drugs, the sensor has some similarity to how the nose works. The nose can detect more than a trillion different scents, even though it has just a few hundred types of olfactory receptors. The pattern of which odor molecules bind to which receptors creates a kind of molecular signature that the brain uses to recognize a scent. Like the nose, the cancer detection technology uses an array of multiple sensors to detect a molecular signature of the disease.