Goto

Collaborating Authors

Machine Learning


New Algorithms Could Reduce Racial Disparities in Health Care

WIRED

Researchers trying to improve healthcare with artificial intelligence usually subject their algorithms to a form of machine med school. Software learns from doctors by digesting thousands or millions of x-rays or other data labeled by expert humans until it can accurately flag suspect moles or lungs showing signs of Covid-19 by itself. A study published this month took a different approach--training algorithms to read knee x-rays for arthritis by using patients as the AI arbiters of truth instead of doctors. The results revealed radiologists may have literal blind spots when it comes to reading Black patients' x-rays. The algorithms trained on patients' reports did a better job than doctors at accounting for the pain experienced by Black patients, apparently by discovering patterns of disease in the images that humans usually overlook.


JMU snaps Northeastern's conference win streak with 79-72 win

Boston Herald

Milestones can be evasive and winning streaks are fragile. The Northeastern Huskies experienced both with Sunday's 79-72 loss to James Madison at Solomon Court. The Huskies were denied an eighth straight victory since the start of conference play, leaving them one short of the program record set in 2012-13. The setback also prevented NU's 15th-year head coach Bill Coen (249-219) from equaling the program's career record of 250 victories set by Hall of Fame coach Jim Calhoun from 1972-1986. JMU improved to 7-4 and 1-1.


Turn Photos into Cartoons Using Python

#artificialintelligence

To create a cartoon effect, we need to pay attention to two things; edge and color palette. Those are what make the differences between a photo and a cartoon. Before jumping to the main steps, don't forget to import the required libraries in your notebook, especially cv2 and NumPy. The first main step is loading the image. Call the created function to load the image.


Deploy Deep Learning Models Using Streamlit and Heroku

#artificialintelligence

Deep Learning and Machine Learning models trained by many data professionals either end up in an inference.ipynb Those meticulous model architectures capable of creating awe in the real world never see the light of the day. Those models just sit there in the background processing requests via an API gateway doing their job silently and making the system more intelligent. People using those intelligent systems don't always credit the Data Professionals who spent hours or weeks or months collecting data, cleaning the collected data, formatting the data to use it correctly, writing the model architecture, training that model architecture and validating it. And if the validation metrics are not very good, again going back to square one and repeating the cycle.


A closer look at the AI Incident Database of machine learning failures

#artificialintelligence

The failures of artificial intelligent systems have become a recurring theme in technology news. Recommendation systems that promote violent content. Trending algorithms that amplify fake news. Most complex software systems fail at some point and need to be updated regularly. We have procedures and tools that help us find and fix these errors.


Flutter Artificial Intelligence Course - Build 15+ AI Apps

#artificialintelligence

We will develop 15 AI Apps with Flutter using TensorFlow Machine Learning and Deep Learning Concepts. In this course you will also learn how to train a model/machine for your apps. And how to import and use these trained models after training in your flutter app (android iOS app). This is a complete step by step course. At the end of this course you will be able to make your own Ai, Deep Learning and Machine Learning Apps for the Android Smart Phones and iOS [iPhones] using Flutter SDK with TensorFlow Lite.


AI And Creativity: Why OpenAI's Latest Model Matters

#artificialintelligence

When prompted to generate "a mural of a blue pumpkin on the side of a building," OpenAI's new deep ... [ ] learning model DALL-E produces this series of original images. OpenAI has done it again. Earlier this month, OpenAI--the research organization behind last summer's much-hyped language model GPT-3--released a new AI model named DALL-E. While it has generated less buzz than GPT-3 did, DALL-E has even more profound implications for the future of AI. In a nutshell, DALL-E takes text captions as input and produces original images as output. For instance, when fed phrases as diverse as "a pentagonal green clock," "a sphere made of fire" or "a mural of a blue pumpkin on the side of a building," DALL-E is able to generate shockingly accurate visual renderings.


Comparison of Read Mapping and Variant Calling Tools for the Analysis of Plant NGS Data

#artificialintelligence

High-throughput sequencing technologies have rapidly developed during the past years and have become an essential tool in plant sciences. However, the analysis of genomic data remains challenging and relies mostly on the performance of automatic pipelines. Frequently applied pipelines involve the alignment of sequence reads against a reference sequence and the identification of sequence variants. Since most benchmarking studies of bioinformatics tools for this purpose have been conducted on human datasets, there is a lack of benchmarking studies in plant sciences. In this study, we evaluated the performance of 50 different variant calling pipelines, including five read mappers and ten variant callers, on six real plant datasets of the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana. Sets of variants were evaluated based on various parameters including sensitivity and specificity. We found that all investigated tools are suitable for analysis of NGS data in plant research. When looking at different performance metrics, BWA-MEM and Novoalign were the best mappers and GATK returned the best results in the variant calling step.


AI in Analytics: Powering the Future of Data Analytics - Dataconomy

#artificialintelligence

Augmented analytics: the combination of AI and analytics is the latest innovation in data analytics. For organizations, data analysis has evolved from hiring "unicorn" data scientists – to having smart applications that provide actionable insights for decision-making in just a few clicks, thanks to AI. Augmenting by definition means making something greater in strength or value. Augmented analytics, also known as AI-driven analytics, helps in identifying hidden patterns in large data sets and uncovers trends and actionable insights. It leverages technologies such as Analytics, Machine Learning, and Natural Language Generation to automate data management processes and assist with the hard parts of analytics. The capabilities of AI are poised to augment analytics activities and enable companies to internalize data-driven decision-making while enabling everyone in the organization to easily deal with data.


Technology Is Rapidly Changing Cancer Care

#artificialintelligence

Technology and digital innovation are increasingly becoming the hottest trends in healthcare. The hype is largely well justified, considering the significant strides the field has made in recent years. One of the most significant areas where technology has really made an impact is in the field of cancer care and treatment. Among the most famous examples is IBM Watson, which has made vast inroads in the field of cancer. The Watson platform was developed with a broad vision to bring "data, technology and expertise together to transform health."