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Machine Learning

Machine learning and algorithmic fairness in public and population health - Nature Machine Intelligence


Until now, much of the work on machine learning and health has focused on processes inside the hospital or clinic. However, this represents only a narrow set of tasks and challenges related to health; there is greater potential for impact by leveraging machine learning in health tasks more broadly. In this Perspective we aim to highlight potential opportunities and challenges for machine learning within a holistic view of health and its influences. To do so, we build on research in population and public health that focuses on the mechanisms between different cultural, social and environmental factors and their effect on the health of individuals and communities. We present a brief introduction to research in these fields, data sources and types of tasks, and use these to identify settings where machine learning is relevant and can contribute to new knowledge. Given the key foci of health equity and disparities within public and population health, we juxtapose these topics with the machine learning subfield of algorithmic fairness to highlight specific opportunities where machine learning, public and population health may synergize to achieve health equity. Algorithmic solutions to improve treatment are starting to transform health care. Mhasawade and colleagues discuss in this Perspective how machine learning applications in population and public health can extend beyond clinical practice. While working with general health data comes with its own challenges, most notably ensuring algorithmic fairness in the face of existing health disparities, the area provides new kinds of data and questions for the machine learning community.

Use of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in NASA


Artificial intelligence and machine learning have had a profound influence on a wide range of areas and businesses, where they have paved the way for the automation and optimization of operations as well as the development of new business opportunities. However, due to quick advances, these technological innovations are being used in research and development outside of our atmosphere and into space. Now, let's take a quick look at how NASA uses AI and Machine Learning for various space projects and earth science. NASA is constantly progressing in AI applications for space research, such as automating image analysis for the galaxy, planet, and star classification, developing autonomous space probes that can avoid space junk without human involvement, by using AI-based radio technology to make communication networks more effective and disturbance-free. However, the creation of autonomous landers (robots) that wander the surface of other planets is one of NASA's most critical AI applications.

9 Best Computer Vision Online Courses


This course gives you an overview of Computer Vision, Machine Learning with AWS. In this course, you will learn how to build and train a computer vision model using the Apache MXNet and GluonCV toolkit. This course tells you about AWS services and frameworks including Amazon Rekognition, Amazon SageMaker, Amazon SageMaker GroundTruth, and Amazon SageMaker Neo, AWS Deep Learning AMIs via Amazon EC2, AWS Deep Learning Containers, and Apache MXNet on AWS. In the final project, you have to select the appropriate pre-trained GluonCV model, apply that model to your dataset, and visualize the output of your GluonCV model. Now, let's see the syllabus of the course-

Neural network model shows why people with autism read facial expressions differently


Using a neural network model that reproduces the brain on a computer, a group of researchers based at Tohoku University have unraveled how this comes to be. The journal Scientific Reports published the results on July 26, 2021. "Humans recognize different emotions, such as sadness and anger by looking at facial expressions. Yet little is known about how we come to recognize different emotions based on the visual information of facial expressions," said paper coauthor, Yuta Takahashi. "It is also not clear what changes occur in this process that leads to people with autism spectrum disorder struggling to read facial expressions."

Most Common Data Science Interview Questions and Answers - KDnuggets


Becoming a data scientist is considered a prestigious trait. Back in 2012, Harvard Business Review called'data scientist' the sexiest job of the 21st century, and the growing trend of roles in the industry seems to be confirming that statement. To confirm this sexiness is still ongoing, the info from Glassdoor shows being a data scientist is the second-best job in America in 2021. To get such a prestigious job, you have to go through rigorous job interviews. Data science questions asked can be very broad and complex. This is expected, considering the role of a data scientist usually incorporates so many areas.

GitHub - openvinotoolkit/openvino_notebooks: 📚 A collection of Jupyter notebooks for learning and experimenting with OpenVINO 👓


The notebooks provide an introduction to OpenVINO basics and teach developers how to leverage our API for optimized deep learning inference. Notebooks with a button can be run without installing anything. Binder is a free online service with limited resources. For the best performance, please follow the Installation Guide and run the notebooks locally. Brief tutorials that demonstrate how to use OpenVINO's Python API for inference.

Where AI does and doesn't pay off in enterprise computing


Gartner predicts that AI is still in its two- to five-year hype cycle. So, we are not yet at the point where robots are going to take over the world. However, computer scientist Andrew Ng boldly calls "AI as the new electricity." Every industry -- education, retail, manufacturing, energy, health care, technology -- all have great opportunities that will transform their landscape. With that, I would not call out one specific use case as having the most significant potential, but instead, recommend a focus on an "Augmented Intelligence."

Here's why a great gaming laptop is the best all-around computer for college


If you're tackling a degree in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics, there's nothing more frustrating than a machine that can't keep up with the apps you need for your coursework. Here's where a powerful gaming laptop proves its mettle. With GPU acceleration, your machine delivers super-fast image processing, real-time rendering for complex component designs, and it lets you work quickly and efficiently. For engineering students, this means more interactive, real-time rendering for 3D design and modeling, plus faster solutions and visualization for mechanical, structural, and electrical simulations. For computer science, data science, and economics students, NVIDIA's GeForce RTX 30 Series laptops enable faster data analytics for processing large data sets -- all with efficient training for deep learning and traditional machine learning models for computer vision, natural language processing, and tabular data.

The Future of Artificial Intelligence in Weather Forecasting


Today's weather forecasts are generated by some of the world's most sophisticated computers. As you may know, weather forecasts are very unpredictable. This is because the climate is a very complex and volatile phenomenon that requires a great amount of money, data, and time to evaluate. The future may follow a very different path regarding weather forecasting: and that future is A.I. Weather forecasting has been done in the same way for a few decades: supercomputers process massive volumes of atmospheric and oceanic data. Forecasting companies aggregate data from weather stations and integrate it with data from a variety of different sources, such as ocean buoys and independent weather trackers.

NSF Adds 11 New AI Research Institutes to Its Collaborative, Nationwide Network


The National Science Foundation officially extended the reach of its National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes across more of the United States. On the heels of funding seven institutes in 2020, the agency last week unveiled its establishment of 11 new ones--where officials will strategically pursue AI research in complex realms like augmented learning, cybersecurity, precision agriculture and more. "The expertise of the researchers engaged in the AI Research Institutes spans a wide range of disciplines, providing an integrated effort to tackle the challenges society faces, drawing upon both foundational and use-inspired research," Director of NSF's Robust Intelligence Program Rebecca Hwa told Nextgov Tuesday. "NSF has long been able to bring together numerous fields of scientific inquiry, and in this program that includes such disciplines as computer and information science and engineering, cognitive science and psychology, economics and game theory, engineering and control theory, ethics, linguistics, mathematics, and philosophy--and that has positioned us to lead in efforts to expand the frontiers of AI." In all, the 18 institutes NSF is investing in so far underpin research spanning 40 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, Hwa confirmed.