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Machine Learning


Nudge for the Clinician Plus ML to Increase Cancer Convos

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A study published in JAMA Oncology recommended a two-pronged approach in order to increase serious illness conversations (SICs) in patients with cancer: machine learning (ML) mortality predictions plus behavioral nudges to clinicians. "Early discussions about goals and treatment preferences may lead to better perceived quality of life, reduced emotional distress, and decreased health care use near the end of life. However, most patients with cancer die without a documented discussion about goals and treatment preferences," the study authors observed. Increasing SICs may improve outcomes for cancer patients. The researchers performed a randomized clinical trial over a 20-week period at nine medical oncology clinics.


Machine-learning Prediction Of Infrared Spectra Of Interstellar Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Astrobiology

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We design and train a neural network (NN) model to efficiently predict the infrared spectra of interstellar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with a computational cost many orders of magnitude lower than what a first-principles calculation would demand. The input to the NN is based on the Morgan fingerprints extracted from the skeletal formulas of the molecules and does not require precise geometrical information such as interatomic distances. The model shows excellent predictive skill for out-of-sample inputs, making it suitable for improving the mixture models currently used for understanding the chemical composition and evolution of the interstellar medium. We also identify the constraints to its applicability caused by the limited diversity of the training data and estimate the prediction errors using a ensemble of NNs trained on subsets of the data. The power of these topological descriptors is demonstrated by the limited effect of including detailed geometrical information in the form of Coulomb matrix eigenvalues.


How can startups make machine learning models production-ready?

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Today, every technology startup needs to embrace AI and machine learning models to stay relevant in their business. Machine learning (ML), if implemented well, can have a direct impact on a company's ability to succeed and raise the next round of funding. However, the path to implementing ML solutions comes with some specific hurdles for start-ups. Let's discuss the top considerations for getting ML models production-ready and the best approaches for a startup. An ML model is only as good as the data used to train it.


Google Coral Dev Board Mini SBC Brings Raspberry Pi-Sized AI Computing To The Edge

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Single-board computers (SBCs) are wildly popular AI development platforms and excellent tools to teach students of all ages how to code. The de facto standard in SBCs has been the Raspberry Pi family of mini computers. NVIDIA of course has its own lineup of programmable AI development platforms in its Jetson family, including the recently-announced low cost version of the Jetson Nano. There are a host of others from the likes of ASUS, Hardkernel, and Google. Google's Coral development kit was a rather pricey option at $175, but now the same power is much more affordable.


You are Not Too Old to Become a Data Scientist

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Graduated in 2017, Worked multiple jobs, visited a foreign country, started my freelancing business, learned a new language, and most recently, dove deep into the world of Data Science. I didn't take this criticism the wrong way. All of the above is after all true and does describe my reality. I can't make myself younger, I can't go back in time and alter my career path, I cannot change what has already happened. What I can do is move forward, take steps towards my goal, and hope for the best.


Council Post: How Is Big Data Analytics Using Machine Learning?

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Chithrai is the Chief Technology and Innovation Officer (CTIO) for InfoVision. It is no longer a secret that big data is a reason behind the successes of many major technology companies. However, as more and more companies embrace it to store, process and extract value from their huge volume of data, it is becoming a challenge for them to use the collected data in the most efficient way. That's where machine learning can help them. Data is a boon for machine learning systems.


Google launches a suite of tech-powered tools for reporters, Journalist Studio – TechCrunch

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Google is putting AI and machine learning technologies into the hands of journalists. The company this morning announced a suite of new tools, Journalist Studio, that will allow reporters to do their work more easily. At launch, the suite includes a host of existing tools as well as two new products aimed at helping reporters search across large documents and visualizing data. The first tool is called Pinpoint and is designed to help reporters work with large file sets -- like those that contain hundreds of thousands of documents. Pinpoint will work as an alternative to using the "Ctrl F" function to manually seek out specific keywords in the documents.


Microsoft Teams: These new features are heading your way

ZDNet

Microsoft is gearing up to release better AI-powered noise suppression for Microsoft Teams, a feature that can scrub out background noises such as a video-chat participant rustling through a bag of chips. Microsoft first touted the noise-suppression technology at the outset of the new coronavirus pandemic in the US and Europe back in March, but an update to its Teams roadmap, via Windows Latest, indicates it will release an improved version of the feature broadly in November. Dubbed AI-based noise suppression, the feature automatically and in real time removes unwelcome noises during meetings. "AI-based noise suppression works by analyzing an individual's audio feed and using specially trained deep neural networks to filter out the noise and retain only the speech signal," Microsoft explains. Microsoft says it's an update to the existing noise suppression, with the key addition being that users will now be able to control how much noise suppression they want.


U.S. government agencies to use AI to cull and cut outdated regulations

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) said Friday that federal agencies will use artificial intelligence to eliminate outdated, obsolete, and inconsistent requirements across tens of thousands of pages of government regulations. A 2019 pilot project used machine learning algorithms and natural language processing at the Department of Health and Human Services. The test run found hundreds of technical errors and outdated requirements in agency rulebooks, including requests to submit materials by fax. OMB said all federal agencies are being encouraged to update regulations using AI and several agencies have already agreed to do so. Over the last four years, the number of pages in the Code of Federal Regulations has remained at about 185,000.


"How AI will power the next-gen applications in Connected Industries (CI)"

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Hiroshige Seko, the minister of Economy Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan introduced a new concept for their roadmap to realize'Society 5.0' the future urbanism as the next big thing in industries. He mentioned that we require another industrial revolution using advanced technological innovations including, AI, IoT, and Big Data; this would be'Connected Industries.' This was the inception of'Connected Industries' as introduced by Hiroshige with the impact on future lives. Artificial Intelligence or AI will be on a next-level role in this development, with a more significant impact on each ecosystem entity. Before moving ahead to understand the role of AI in the'Connected Industries', let's first understand AI and its applications.