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Opinion: Regulations and common sense must pace machine learning

#artificialintelligence

The first Industrial Revolution used steam and water to mechanize production. The second, the Technological Revolution, offered standardization and industrialization. The third capitalized on electronics and information technology to automate production. Now a fourth Industrial Revolution, our modern Digital Age, is building on the third; expanding exponentially, it is disrupting and transforming our lives, while evolving too fast for governance, ethics and management to keep pace. Most high school graduates have been exposed to information technology through personal computers, word processing software and their phones. Nonetheless, the digital divide separates the tech savvy from the tech illiterate, driven by disparities in access to technology for pre-K to 12 students based on where they live and socioeconomic realities.


USC, Amazon Partner to Launch Machine Learning Research Center

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The University of Southern California and Amazon have joined forces to establish the Center for Secure and Trusted Machine Learning. Housed at USC's Viterbi School of Engineering, the center will provide support to researchers who will focus on developing innovative approaches to privacy-preserving machine learning solutions. This university-industry partnership symbolizes both organizations' shared commitment to "advancing understanding and developing solutions," said USC Provost Charles F. Zukoski in the university's announcement of the partnership. Plans call for the center to leverage talent from both entities in a cooperative effort to unearth new research in this controversial area of study. In USC's announcement, Prem Natarajan, Alexa AI vice president of natural understanding, added, "We are delighted to bring together top talent at Amazon and USC in a joint mission to drive ground-breaking advances in privacy and security preserving machine learning--advances that enable us to continue to safely and securely deliver experiences that enrich and delight our customers worldwide."


Words and images

#artificialintelligence

As we rely more on natural language processing to help us navigate our world, it's more important than ever that these artificial intelligence models -- used increasingly in applications such as caption generation for the visually impaired -- remain true to reality. "The issue is that deep learning-based neural language generation models have no guarantees in generating factually correct sentences that are faithful to the input data," said UC Santa Barbara computer scientist William Wang. Over the many iterations it takes for a language generation model to learn how to describe or predict what a scene depicts, elements can creep in, causing phenomena such as errors in data-to-text translations or object hallucinations, in which the caption contains an object or an action that doesn't exist in the image. As a result, unless you have a way of reining in these errors (or you're surrealist painter René Magritte) these mismatches could spell the end of the usefulness of the language generation model being used. "This is a huge problem," said Wang. "Imagine you are using a news summarization system to read earnings reports -- the loss of faithfulness can give you wrong numbers, wrong facts and misinformation. Similarly, if a visually impaired person relies on an image captioning system to see the environment, wrong generation could create serious consequences."


Why some high school students aren't ready to go back to school, despite the isolation

Los Angeles Times

High school senior Isabell Diaz has a routine. She rolls out of bed half an hour before her 9 a.m. On breaks, she steps away from the screen to eat breakfast or complete chores. She has learned how to navigate online assignments and virtual club meetings. So when she learned that her school would open in late April, she had mixed emotions.


Rural California schools have been open for months. It's taken a learning curve

Los Angeles Times

Tabatha Plew quit her good-paying construction job in August, pulled her kids out of a Central Valley school they loved and moved seven hours north to this tiny town in Trinity County. Like a lot of rural communities, Weaverville in recent years has seen more people leaving than arriving, but it had a golden commodity Plew couldn't find at home in Fresno County for her three children: open classrooms that promised a desk in front of a teacher. "I packed them up, and I told my husband, 'We love you. See you on the weekends,'" said Plew, who moved into her in-laws' home in Weaverville. "This was the highest-paying job I've ever had, and, you know, the money didn't mean anything when my kids were struggling."


Artificial Intelligence In 2021: Five Trends You May (or May Not) Expect

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Artificial Intelligence innovation continues apace - with explosive growth in virtually all industries. So what did the last year bring, and what can we expect from AI in 2021? In this article, I list five trends that I saw developing in 2020 that I expect will be even more dominant in 2021. MLOps ("Machine Learning Operations", the practice of production Machine Learning) has been around for some time. During 2020, however, COVID-19 brought a new appreciation for the need to monitor and manage production Machine Learning instances.


We Need More Women In AI & Data Science: How Can We Make It Happen? - AI Summary

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As Women in AI Education Ambassador for Australia Angela Kim told Women's Agenda: AI tech is evolving at the "speed of light", while much about machine learning models can be automated, human must be included in its creation – which means the potential for human bias. Women's Agenda spoke to Charles Sturt University, Associate Professor in Computer Science, Lihong Zheng, who has lectured in mathematics and computer science since 2008. Lihong believes encouraging women to pursue careers in STEM begins in early primary school and continues throughout high school. Lihong started her career at a time when there were even fewer women working in STEM, particularly in Australia. Great mentors and having more women leaders in technology and science make it more accessible for girls to pursue degrees in STEM.


Massachusetts Commissioner of Education: At some point remote, hybrid learning needs to be 'off the table'

Boston Herald

With health metrics improving and mitigation measures in place across Massachusetts schools, Elementary and Secondary Commissioner Jeff Riley said Tuesday it's time to begin the process of getting more students back into classrooms. Riley, who is set to join Gov. Charlie Baker and Education Secretary James Peyser for a 2 p.m. press conference on education and COVID-19, told Board of Elementary and Secondary Education members that he plans to ask them in March to give him the authority to determine when hybrid and remote school models no longer count for learning hours, as part of a broader plan to return more students to physical school buildings. Riley said he would take a "phased approach to returning students into the classrooms, working closely with state health officials and medical experts." He said his plan would focus on elementary school students first, with the initial goal of having them learning in-person five days a week this April. "At some point, as health metrics continue to improve, we will need to take the remote and hybrid learning models off the table and return to a traditional school format," Riley said.


Salvaging the school year depends on quickly vaccinating teachers, lower infection rates

Los Angeles Times

Saving the Los Angeles school year has become a race against the clock -- as campuses are unlikely to reopen until teachers are vaccinated against COVID-19 and infection rates decline at least three-fold, officials said Monday. The urgency to salvage the semester in L.A. and throughout the state was underscored by new research showing the depth of student learning loss and by frustrated parents who organized statewide to pressure officials to bring back in-person instruction. A rapid series of developments Monday -- involving the governor, L.A. Unified School District, the teachers union and the county health department -- foreshadowed the uncertainties that will play out in the high-stakes weeks ahead for millions of California students. "We're never going to get back if teachers can't get vaccinated," said Assemblyman Patrick O'Donnell (D-Long Beach), who chairs the state's Assembly Education Committee and has two high schoolers learning from home. He expressed frustration that educators are not being prioritized by the L.A. County Health Department even as teachers in Long Beach are scheduled for vaccines this week. Although Long Beach is part of L.A. County, it operates its own independent health agency.


Creation and Evaluation of a Pre-tertiary Artificial Intelligence (AI) Curriculum

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Contributions: The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)-Jockey Club AI for the Future Project (AI4Future) co-created an AI curriculum for pre-tertiary education and evaluated its efficacy. While AI is conventionally taught in tertiary level education, our co-creation process successfully developed the curriculum that has been used in secondary school teaching in Hong Kong and received positive feedback. Background: AI4Future is a cross-sector project that engages five major partners - CUHK Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Education, Hong Kong secondary schools, the government and the AI industry. A team of 14 professors with expertise in engineering and education collaborated with 17 principals and teachers from 6 secondary schools to co-create the curriculum. This team formation bridges the gap between researchers in engineering and education, together with practitioners in education context. Research Questions: What are the main features of the curriculum content developed through the co-creation process? Would the curriculum significantly improve the students perceived competence in, as well as attitude and motivation towards AI? What are the teachers perceptions of the co-creation process that aims to accommodate and foster teacher autonomy? Methodology: This study adopted a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods and involved 335 student participants. Findings: 1) two main features of learning resources, 2) the students perceived greater competence, and developed more positive attitude to learn AI, and 3) the co-creation process generated a variety of resources which enhanced the teachers knowledge in AI, as well as fostered teachers autonomy in bringing the subject matter into their classrooms.