Collaborating Authors


How AI/ML Improves Fab Operations


Chip shortages are forcing fabs and OSATs to maximize capacity and assess how much benefit AI and machine learning can provide. This is particularly important in light of the growth projections by market analysts. The chip manufacturing industry is expected to double in size over the next five years, and collective improvements in factories, AI databases, and tools will be essential for doubling down on productivity. "We're not going to fail on this digital transformation, because there's no option," said John Behnke, general manager in charge of smart manufacturing at Inficon. "All the fabs are collectively going to make 20% to 40% more product, but they can't get a new tool right now for 18 to 36 months. To leverage all this potential, we're going to overcome the historical human fear of change."

Challenges of Artificial Intelligence -- From Machine Learning and Computer Vision to Emotional Intelligence Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a part of everyday conversation and our lives. It is considered as the new electricity that is revolutionizing the world. AI is heavily invested in both industry and academy. However, there is also a lot of hype in the current AI debate. AI based on so-called deep learning has achieved impressive results in many problems, but its limits are already visible. AI has been under research since the 1940s, and the industry has seen many ups and downs due to over-expectations and related disappointments that have followed. The purpose of this book is to give a realistic picture of AI, its history, its potential and limitations. We believe that AI is a helper, not a ruler of humans. We begin by describing what AI is and how it has evolved over the decades. After fundamentals, we explain the importance of massive data for the current mainstream of artificial intelligence. The most common representations for AI, methods, and machine learning are covered. In addition, the main application areas are introduced. Computer vision has been central to the development of AI. The book provides a general introduction to computer vision, and includes an exposure to the results and applications of our own research. Emotions are central to human intelligence, but little use has been made in AI. We present the basics of emotional intelligence and our own research on the topic. We discuss super-intelligence that transcends human understanding, explaining why such achievement seems impossible on the basis of present knowledge,and how AI could be improved. Finally, a summary is made of the current state of AI and what to do in the future. In the appendix, we look at the development of AI education, especially from the perspective of contents at our own university.

Opinion: Computer chips are getting so advanced, companies are using artificial intelligence to make them


Until now, chip design has been the domain of electrical engineers, but a recent Google study could change that. It showed that the AI-created chip layout was "superior or comparable to those produced by humans in all key metrics, including power consumption, performance, and chip area." Thanks to a machine-learning technique known as reinforcement learning, artificial intelligence completed the task in only six hours, compared with weeks by humans. Although Alphabet's Google GOOG, -0.44% and Nvidia NVDA, -1.43% have been performing tests and discussing the use of AI-powered techniques to boost chip-production capabilities, Samsung Electronics was among the first to actually create chips using the method. Relying on software made by Synopsys SNPS, 0.08%, a chip design software company, Samsung designed Exynos, a processor used in company's wearables, smartphones, car infotainment systems, and other gadgets.

The Role of Social Movements, Coalitions, and Workers in Resisting Harmful Artificial Intelligence and Contributing to the Development of Responsible AI Artificial Intelligence

There is mounting public concern over the influence that AI based systems has in our society. Coalitions in all sectors are acting worldwide to resist hamful applications of AI. From indigenous people addressing the lack of reliable data, to smart city stakeholders, to students protesting the academic relationships with sex trafficker and MIT donor Jeffery Epstein, the questionable ethics and values of those heavily investing in and profiting from AI are under global scrutiny. There are biased, wrongful, and disturbing assumptions embedded in AI algorithms that could get locked in without intervention. Our best human judgment is needed to contain AI's harmful impact. Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of AI will be to make us ultimately understand how important human wisdom truly is in life on earth.

Global Machine Learning Chip Industry Market Research Report, Growth Trends and Competitive Analysis 2021-2026 - KSU


Furthermore, it offers exhaustive elaboration on various aspects of the businesses such as drivers and opportunities which are fueling the growth of Global Machine Learning Chip Industry Market. The report focuses on identifying various market trends, dynamics, growth drivers and factors restraining the market growth. Further, the report provides detailed insights into various growth opportunities and challenges based on various types of products(), applications(), end users(). It also helps to understand the restraints and challenges of market growth. The information provided in the study is collected from reliable sources such as industry websites and journals.

Global Deep Learning Market To Show Startling Growth During Forecast Period 2020–2026 – Zion Market Research - re:Jerusalem


The global Deep Learning market is expected to rise with an impressive CAGR and generate the highest revenue by 2026. Zion Market Research in its latest report published this information. The report is titled "Global Deep Learning Market 2020 With Top Countries Data, Revenue, Key Developments, SWOT Study, COVID-19 impact Analysis, Growth and Outlook To 2026". It also offers an exclusive insight into various details such as revenues, market share, strategies, growth rate, product & their pricing by region/country for all major companies. The report provides a 360-degree overview of the market, listing various factors restricting, propelling, and obstructing the market in the forecast duration. The report also provides additional information such as interesting insights, key industry developments, detailed segmentation of the market, list of prominent players operating in the market, and other Deep Learning market trends.

Machine Learning Panel Data Regressions with an Application to Nowcasting Price Earnings Ratios Machine Learning

This paper introduces structured machine learning regressions for prediction and nowcasting with panel data consisting of series sampled at different frequencies. Motivated by the empirical problem of predicting corporate earnings for a large cross-section of firms with macroeconomic, financial, and news time series sampled at different frequencies, we focus on the sparse-group LASSO regularization. This type of regularization can take advantage of the mixed frequency time series panel data structures and we find that it empirically outperforms the unstructured machine learning methods. We obtain oracle inequalities for the pooled and fixed effects sparse-group LASSO panel data estimators recognizing that financial and economic data exhibit heavier than Gaussian tails. To that end, we leverage on a novel Fuk-Nagaev concentration inequality for panel data consisting of heavy-tailed $\tau$-mixing processes which may be of independent interest in other high-dimensional panel data settings.

Deep Learning Market Garner Growth at CAGR of 51.1% by 2026


The global deep learning market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 51.1% from forecast period 2019 to 2026 and expected to reach the value of around US$ 56,427.2 Deep learning is a subdivision of machine learning in artificial intelligence (AI) concerned with the algorithm inspired by the functioning of human brain termed as artificial neural networks. It is also termed as deep neural learning or deep neural network. Deep learning is evolved with the increasing amount of unstructured data due to digitalization. The available amount of data is utilized in deep learning to process or understand that data for effective decision making in various industry verticals including healthcare, manufacturing, automotive, agriculture, retail, security, human resources, marketing, law, and fintech. Newswire - The AI Eye: NVIDIA (Nasdaq: NVDA) Introduces TensorRT 7, Provides Access to Deep Neural Networks for Autonomous Vehicles, Baidu (Nasdaq: BIDU) and Samsung Ready for AI-Chip Production in 2020


NVIDIA Corporation (NasdaqGS:NVDA) today introduced the TensorRT 7, which is "the seventh generation of the company's inference software development kit" to deliver conversational AI applications. "We have entered a new chapter in AI, where machines are capable of understanding human language in real time. TensorRT 7 helps make this possible, providing developers everywhere with the tools to build and deploy faster, smarter conversational AI services that allow more natural human-to-AI interaction." The company also announced that it will provide the transportation industry with access to its NVIDIA DRIVE deep neural networks (DNNs) for autonomous vehicle development on the NVIDIA GPU Cloud (NGC) container registry. "The AI autonomous vehicle is a software-defined vehicle required to operate around the world on a wide variety of datasets. By providing AV developers access to our DNNs and the advanced learning tools to optimize them for multiple datasets, we're enabling shared learning across companies and countries, while maintaining data ownership and privacy. Ultimately, we are accelerating the reality of global autonomous vehicles."

Who Is Winning the AI Race: China, the EU or the United States?


The United States Geological Survey confirmed with the Center for Data Innovation over email on July 22, 2019, that "1-meter DEMs are available or in progress for 45% of the country."