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The State of AI Ethics Report (Volume 5)

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This report from the Montreal AI Ethics Institute covers the most salient progress in research and reporting over the second quarter of 2021 in the field of AI ethics with a special emphasis on "Environment and AI", "Creativity and AI", and "Geopolitics and AI." The report also features an exclusive piece titled "Critical Race Quantum Computer" that applies ideas from quantum physics to explain the complexities of human characteristics and how they can and should shape our interactions with each other. The report also features special contributions on the subject of pedagogy in AI ethics, sociology and AI ethics, and organizational challenges to implementing AI ethics in practice. Given MAIEI's mission to highlight scholars from around the world working on AI ethics issues, the report also features two spotlights sharing the work of scholars operating in Singapore and Mexico helping to shape policy measures as they relate to the responsible use of technology. The report also has an extensive section covering the gamut of issues when it comes to the societal impacts of AI covering areas of bias, privacy, transparency, accountability, fairness, interpretability, disinformation, policymaking, law, regulations, and moral philosophy.


Future of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Business

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is continuing its migration out of the research lab and into the world of business. Leading companies across hundreds of industries are harnessing its power -- from banks analyzing countless data points in seconds to detect fraud, to call centers deploying chatbots to improve customer interactions. These early uses are still fairly limited, but huge advances in deep learning (a subset of machine learning) are starting to impact AI in ways that will soon help society and business tackle a wider set of more general problems. Such advances will also make it possible to automate more complex physical tasks that require adaptability and agility. At Salesforce, we believe AI has tremendous potential for improving the way organizations operate (and you can learn how AI is built into our entire Salesforce Customer 360 here).


The Role of Social Movements, Coalitions, and Workers in Resisting Harmful Artificial Intelligence and Contributing to the Development of Responsible AI

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

There is mounting public concern over the influence that AI based systems has in our society. Coalitions in all sectors are acting worldwide to resist hamful applications of AI. From indigenous people addressing the lack of reliable data, to smart city stakeholders, to students protesting the academic relationships with sex trafficker and MIT donor Jeffery Epstein, the questionable ethics and values of those heavily investing in and profiting from AI are under global scrutiny. There are biased, wrongful, and disturbing assumptions embedded in AI algorithms that could get locked in without intervention. Our best human judgment is needed to contain AI's harmful impact. Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of AI will be to make us ultimately understand how important human wisdom truly is in life on earth.


Regulation and Responsible Use of AI in Finance, Insurance & more

#artificialintelligence

We were delighted to host three brilliant AI minds working in the financial sector to a panel on our AI in Finance and RegTech Summit stage last week. Speakers on this panel included Ronan Brennan, Strategy and Innovation Manager at NatWest, Mackenzie Wallace, Specialist in FinTech/RegTech at The World Bank, and David Bryan, Director of Presales at MANTA. The panel was broken down into the four themes listed below and was finished with a Q&A. MANTA also recently released a guide on how to achieve full compliance and build trust in the financial sector. Click here to access the free guide.


A 20-Year Community Roadmap for Artificial Intelligence Research in the US

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Decades of research in artificial intelligence (AI) have produced formidable technologies that are providing immense benefit to industry, government, and society. AI systems can now translate across multiple languages, identify objects in images and video, streamline manufacturing processes, and control cars. The deployment of AI systems has not only created a trillion-dollar industry that is projected to quadruple in three years, but has also exposed the need to make AI systems fair, explainable, trustworthy, and secure. Future AI systems will rightfully be expected to reason effectively about the world in which they (and people) operate, handling complex tasks and responsibilities effectively and ethically, engaging in meaningful communication, and improving their awareness through experience. Achieving the full potential of AI technologies poses research challenges that require a radical transformation of the AI research enterprise, facilitated by significant and sustained investment. These are the major recommendations of a recent community effort coordinated by the Computing Community Consortium and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence to formulate a Roadmap for AI research and development over the next two decades.


'A.I. is not gonna replace people,' says Salesforce executive

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence is "a big help, not a hindrance," according to a Salesforce executive. "AI is not gonna replace people," Peter Schwartz, senior vice president of strategic planning at Salesforce, told CNBC on Tuesday at the Singapore FinTech Festival. On the flip side, Schwartz added: "It's going to make people far more capable." Instead of thinking about the "most mundane things," Schwartz said AI would allow people to "focus" on issues such as creativity and interpersonal skills. Schwartz's comments on the impact of AI were in line with a report from the World Economic Forum in September, which said developments in automation technologies and artificial intelligence could result in 58 million net new jobs being created by 2022.


Building a Code for the Ethics of AI - Insurance Insights

#artificialintelligence

Unlocking the business value from big data is probably the biggest challenge any company working on an analytics implementation can face. For any insurance industry player intent on designing products fit for the future, and fit for a diverse and ethically-driven organisation, there's a need to consider the ethical component being built into algorithms and scores. The financial regulator the FCA has published its vision for the use of AI and big data in insurance, and some important next steps. It has said the sophistication of AI has great potential for social good, and for solving many of the problems it faces from a supervisory perspective. There's already been some notable successes, for example in supervising large populations of small brokers and other firms, effectively being able to see the "wood from the trees".


AI Comes to Work: How Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Business

#artificialintelligence

"Artificial intelligence" is a term often reserved for the likes of Skynet in the "Terminator" films or ENCOM's mainframe in the "Tron" movie, but the reality is that AI has been around for decades-- and experts say the rumors of a forceful robotic takeover are exaggerated. Instead, they see AI as an indispensable tool for supporting humans in virtually every aspect of life, especially in commercial applications. To find out more about how AI is rolling out in business and how it might develop in the future, Business News Daily spoke to industry insiders about the evolution of artificial intelligence. Rather than serving as a replacement for human knowledge and ingenuity, AI is generally seen as a support tool for the humans using the technology. Although AI currently has a difficult time completing common-sense tasks in the real world, it is adept at processing and analyzing troves of data far more quickly than a human brain could.


AI Comes to Work: How Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Business

#artificialintelligence

"Artificial intelligence" is a term often reserved for the likes of Skynet in the "Terminator" films or ENCOM's mainframe in the "Tron" movie, but the reality is that AI has been around for decades-- and experts say the rumors of a forceful robotic takeover are exaggerated. Instead, they see AI as an indispensable tool for supporting humans in virtually every aspect of life, especially in commercial applications. To find out more about how AI is rolling out in business and how it might develop in the future, Business News Daily spoke to industry insiders about the evolution of artificial intelligence. Rather than serving as a replacement for human knowledge and ingenuity, AI is generally seen as a support tool for the humans using the technology. Although AI currently has a difficult time completing common-sense tasks in the real world, it is adept at processing and analyzing troves of data far more quickly than a human brain could.