Leon Gatys et al. introduced the Neural Style Transfer technique in 2015 in "A Neural Algorithm of Artistic Style". As stated earlier, Neural Style Transfer is a technique of composing images in the style of another image. Neural Style Transfer (NST) refers to a class of software algorithms that manipulate digital images or videos to adapt the appearance or visual style of another image. NST algorithms are characterized by their use of deep neural networks for the sake of image transformation. If you want to go deep into the original technique, you can refer to the paper from this link.
Anyone with any doubts about the interest in AI and its use across enterprise technologies only needs to look at the example of the Intelligent Document Processing (IDP) market and the kind of verticals that are investing in it to quash those doubts. According to the Everest Group's recently published report, Intelligent Document Processing (IDP) State of the Market Report 2021 (purchase required) the market for this segment alone is estimated at $700-750 million in 2020 and expected to grow at a rate of 55-65% over the next year. Cost impact is now the key driver for intelligent document processing adoption, closely followed by improving operational efficiency and productivity. These solutions blend AI technologies to efficiently process all types of documents and feed the output into downstream applications. Optical character recognition (OCR), computer vision, machine learning (ML) and deep learning models, and natural language processing (NLP) are the key core technologies powering IDP capabilities.
Bringing convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to your industry--whether it be medical imaging, robotics, or some other vision application entirely--has the potential to enable new functionalities and reduce the compute requirements for existing workloads. This is because a single CNN can replace more computationally expensive image processing, denoising, and object detection algorithms. However, in our experience interacting with customers, we see the same challenges and difficulties arise as they move an idea from conception to productization. In this article, we'll review the common challenges and address some of the solutions that can smooth over development and deployment of CNN models in your edge AI application. We see a lot of companies attempting to create models from the ground up.
Computer vision technology is increasingly used in areas such as automatic surveillance systems, self-driving cars, facial recognition, healthcare and social distancing tools. Users require accurate and reliable visual information to fully harness the benefits of video analytics applications but the quality of the video data is often affected by environmental factors such as rain, night-time conditions or crowds (where there are multiple images of people overlapping with each other in a scene). Using computer vision and deep learning, a team of researchers led by Yale-NUS College Associate Professor of Science (Computer Science) Robby Tan, who is also from the National University of Singapore's (NUS) Faculty of Engineering, has developed novel approaches that resolve the problem of low-level vision in videos caused by rain and night-time conditions, as well as improve the accuracy of 3D human pose estimation in videos. The research was presented at the 2021 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), a top ranked computer science conference. Night-time images are affected by low light and man-made light effects such as glare, glow, and floodlights, while rain images are affected by rain streaks or rain accumulation (or rain veiling effect).
In this article, you will learn about a real-world example of the use of artificial intelligence in medical imaging. Read on to learn the details of how various deep learning models are combined to analyze images taken with a microscope. You may have read use cases where AI is used in medical diagnosis to differentiate between images showing pathological and non-pathological features (e.g. Capillaroscopy consists of observing the blood capillaries at the base of the patient's nails (nail bed) using a microscope called a capillaroscope and helps to determine the state of the patient's vascular system in a simple, fast and non-invasive way. Capillaroscopy is frequently used for the diagnosis and follow-up of some autoimmune diseases such as scleroderma, dermatomyositis or mixed connective tissue disease.
What is the state of innovation in embedded vision? While deep learning remains a dominant force, deep neural networks alone don't make a product. Presented as a virtual event in May, the Embedded Vision Summit examined the latest developments in practical computer vision and AI edge processing. In my role as the summit's general chair, I reviewed more than 300 great session proposals for the conference. Here are the trends I'm seeing in the embedded-vision space.
Computer vision is a field of artificial intelligence (AI) that enables computers and systems to derive meaningful information from digital images, videos, and other visual inputs -- and take actions or make recommendations based on that information. If AI enables computers to think, computer vision enables them to see, observe and understand. Computer vision works much the same as human vision, except humans have a head start. Human sight has the advantage of lifetimes of context to train how to tell objects apart, how far away they are, whether they are moving, and whether there is something wrong in an image. Computer vision trains machines to perform these functions, but it has to do it in much less time with cameras, data, and algorithms rather than retinas, optic nerves, and the visual cortex.
Sentient Vision Systems is an artificial intelligence (AI) company that uses advanced software to enhance the performance of sensors and mission systems. ViDAR (for Visual Detection and Ranging) can detect a target in the imagery feed, discriminate between possible alternatives, and draw the operator's eye to what he or she is looking for. The power of AI can differentiate, from a distance of five nautical miles, between an arctic ice floe, a breaking wave and an upturned boat. AI and mastery of traditional computer vision technology underpins everything that Sentient Vision Systems has done over the past 17 years, since it started working on target detection solutions over land and maritime environments. Sentient's ViDAR systems use the AI within its deep learning and computer vision algorithms to detect tiny targets that are almost invisible in the imagery feed from an EO/IR sensor, especially in very challenging conditions, and filter out irrelevant information.
As deep learning techniques continue to advance, image recognition systems are becoming more and more powerful. With this power comes great reward -- helping diagnose disease from x-rays and self-driving cars are just two examples. But there is also potential for harm, particularly concerning facial recognition. In the future, it's possible that surveillance cameras with state-of-the-art facial recognition technology could pop up on every street corner, effectively eliminating any privacy we still have. Fortunately, some researchers are already coming up with ways to counteract deep learning based facial recognition. I would like to highlight one interesting method -- using an adversarial attack in the form of specially colored glasses to confuse facial recognition algorithms.
Tesla has always had a unique approach towards self-driving cars. The electric car company has been developing Computer Vision and Synthetic Neural Networks to solve the challenges associated with self-driving cars. While industry giants like Toyota, Google, Uber, Ford and General Motors all have been working with Lidar, Tesla has always proclaimed that Lidar will never be the approach they solve this problem. Founder Elon Musk famously said, "Lidar is a fool's errand, and anyone relying on Lidar is doomed". But what exactly is Lidar's flaw and computer vision's most considerable edge?