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Artificial Intelligence: Applications in Healthcare Delivery

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The rediscovery of the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) to improve healthcare delivery and patient outcomes has led to an increasing application of AI techniques such as deep learning, computer vision, natural language processing, and robotics in the healthcare domain. Many governments and health authorities have prioritized the application of AI in the delivery of healthcare. Also, technological giants and leading universities have established teams dedicated to the application of AI in medicine. These trends will mean an expanded role for AI in the provision of healthcare. Yet, there is an incomplete understanding of what AI is and its potential for use in healthcare.


A novel AI summarizes the latest in the scientific literature in one line

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For someone like me, who has to sift through tons of articles and research on a daily basis, a succinct summary under every search engine entry would be a huge time saver. It takes far more time to search for topics of interest and find relevant material than it does to write about them. Such a tool would be even more helpful for researchers who specifically comb through scientific literature regularly. AI-based tools have come a long way in the past few years with various use cases in several industries. They continue to improve and evolve at a breathtaking pace.


Word Embeddings in High-Level

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The most common representation of words in NLP tasks is the One Hot Encoding. Below we can see an example of One Hot Encoding for the words "Cat" and "Dog". As we can see, these two vectors are independent since their inner product is 0, and their Euclidean distance is the square root of 2. Notice that this applies to every pair in the vocabulary, meaning that every pair of words are independent, and their distance is the square root of 2. Notice that this applies to every pair in the vocabulary, meaning that every pair of words are independent, and their distance is \(\sqrt(2)\). For example, the words below are considered independent, and the distance -- similarity between any pair of words is the same. This is an issue for NLP tasks since we want to be able to capture the relation between words.


Amazon Transcribe streaming adds support for Japanese, Korean, and Brazilian Portuguese

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Amazon Transcribe is an automatic speech recognition (ASR) service that makes it easy to add speech-to-text capabilities to your applications. Today, we're excited to launch Japanese, Korean, and Brazilian Portuguese language support for Amazon Transcribe streaming. To deliver streaming transcriptions with low latency for these languages, we're also announcing availability of Amazon Transcribe streaming in the Asia Pacific (Seoul), Asia Pacific (Tokyo), and South America (São Paulo) Regions. Amazon Transcribe added support for Italian and German languages earlier in November 2020, and this launch continues to expand the service's streaming footprint. Now you can automatically generate live streaming transcriptions for a diverse set of use cases within your contact centers and media production workflows.


Those strip lights you've seen all over TikTok are up to 34% off for Cyber Monday

Mashable

FOR YOUR ROOM: Govee WiFi RBG LED Strip Lights (2 x 16.4 feet) -- save $13.40 FOR YOUR CAR: Govee RGBIC Interior Car Lights -- save $10.50 Spend any time on your TikTok FYP scrolling through dance routines, "swamp ass" candle timelapses, and Ratatousical submissions, and you're bound to see them: those rainbow strip lights hanging on the upper edges of a creator's room, flashing purple to orange to green and back again (sometimes in time with music). More often than not, they're met with an eager comments section asking one question again and again: "Where did you get those?" The online retailer has a ton of different sizes and styles of strip lights in stock, and it just so happens that several variants made by the smart home brand Govee are on sale for as little as $8.99 this Cyber Monday -- don't miss these holiday deals: Compatible with Amazon Alexa and the Google Assistant, this two-pack of 16.4-foot, stick-on Govee strip lights offers the best value for the money: Get it on sale for $26.59, or 34% off its suggested retail price of $39.99. Amazon has it on sale for just $8.99, or 31% off its $13 MSRP. These multicolor, app-controlled lights for your car have a built-in mic that allows them to sync with any songs on your playlists.


Facebook buys customer service and chatbot startup Kustomer

Engadget

Facebook has just completed its latest acquisition, buying up a company called Kustomer. The startup's software creates a single-screen interface for businesses to manage their online conversations with customers and automate some interactions with the help of chatbots. Facebook didn't disclose the financial terms of the deal. However, according to The Wall Street Journal, the company was valued at approximately $1 billion going into today's deal. The acquisition comes as Facebook makes a big push into online shopping.


"Riding a Racehorse Through a Field of Concepts": What It's Like to Write a Book With an A.I.

Slate

K Allado-McDowell had been working with artificial intelligence for years--they established the Artists and Machine Intelligence program at Google AI--when the pandemic prompted a new, more personal kind of engagement. During this period of isolation, they started a conversation with GPT-3, the latest iteration of the Generative Pre-trained Transformer language model released by OpenAI earlier this year. GPT-3 is, in short, a statistical language model drawing on a training corpus of 499 billion tokens (mostly Common Crawl data scraped from the internet, along with digitized books and Wikipedia) that takes a user-contributed text prompt and uses machine learning to predict what will come next. The results of Allado-McDowell's explorations--a multigenre collection of essays, poetry, memoir, and science fiction--were recently published in the U.K. as Pharmako-AI, the first book "co-authored" with GPT-3. By its very nature, the book forces us to ask who is responsible for which aspects of its authorship and to question how we imagine or conceptualize that nonhuman half.


Cyber Monday: What you need to know before buying that cheap smart TV

USATODAY - Tech Top Stories

That Cyber Monday special from Best Buy sounds really enticing. Which may not be a catch at all, but it is something worth considering. Because if you have Amazon Echo speakers throughout your home, you won't be able to use them to talk to your new TCL TV. As all TV sales now tend to be "smart," they operate on different software platforms, ones you need to consider before making your purchase. Before you buy a Roku-branded TV, I have three words for you: "Wonder Woman 1984."


The Impact of AI on Accessibility

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Gerry Bayne: Welcome to EDUCAUSE Exchange, where we focus on a single question from the higher ed IT community and hear advice, anecdotes, best practices, and more. Students with disabilities are a vulnerable population in higher education. Yet the real percentage is likely higher, given that many choose not to disclose their disability to their institutions. Students with disabilities experience barriers to education that many other students do not. And they can have both visible and invisible needs. Their dropout rates are substantially higher and their graduation rates are significantly lower than those of non-disabled students.


Top 15 Real World Applications of Artificial Intelligence

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When most people hear the term Artificial Intelligence, the first thing they usually think of is robots or some famous science fiction movie like the Terminator depicting the rise of AI against humanity. Artificial intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning, analyzing, comprehending, and problem-solving. The applications of artificial intelligence in the real-world are perhaps more than what many people know. The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal or defined operations. With the advancements of the human mind and their deep research into the field, AI is no longer just a few machines doing basic calculations.