Collaborating Authors


How Coke Bottlers Save Millions with AI


Retailers around the country rely on a network of nearly 70 independent Coca-Cola bottlers to manufacture and ship cases of liquid refreshments. It's a finely tuned supply chain, and it ultimately serves customers well. But getting a consolidated view into the millions of paper-based billing and shipping documents was a major headache for the network–that is, until an innovative use of computer vision and NLP technology helped digitize it. Starting around 2007, Coca-Cola North America worked to "refranchise" its bottling and shipping operations, which spans 51 production facilities, 350 distribution centers, and involves more than 55,000 employees. The company says the goal of this refranchising effort is to "bring the heart of Coca-Cola back to the local bottler," which in some cases are multi-generational companies more than 100 year's old. A key player in all this is the Coca-Cola Bottler's Sales and Services Company.

Deep Learning


This article would try to address the basic aspects of deep learning. Deep learning attempts to copy the working mechanism of the human brain by combining data inputs, weights, and biases. The basic mechanism of deep learning is to cluster data and make predictions with a high degree of accuracy. Deep learning involves layers that form a neural network. The layers help in improving accuracy and better prediction.

Fast Multi-Step Critiquing for VAE-based Recommender Systems Artificial Intelligence

Recent studies have shown that providing personalized explanations alongside recommendations increases trust and perceived quality. Furthermore, it gives users an opportunity to refine the recommendations by critiquing parts of the explanations. On one hand, current recommender systems model the recommendation, explanation, and critiquing objectives jointly, but this creates an inherent trade-off between their respective performance. On the other hand, although recent latent linear critiquing approaches are built upon an existing recommender system, they suffer from computational inefficiency at inference due to the objective optimized at each conversation's turn. We address these deficiencies with M&Ms-VAE, a novel variational autoencoder for recommendation and explanation that is based on multimodal modeling assumptions. We train the model under a weak supervision scheme to simulate both fully and partially observed variables. Then, we leverage the generalization ability of a trained M&Ms-VAE model to embed the user preference and the critique separately. Our work's most important innovation is our critiquing module, which is built upon and trained in a self-supervised manner with a simple ranking objective. Experiments on four real-world datasets demonstrate that among state-of-the-art models, our system is the first to dominate or match the performance in terms of recommendation, explanation, and multi-step critiquing. Moreover, M&Ms-VAE processes the critiques up to 25.6x faster than the best baselines. Finally, we show that our model infers coherent joint and cross generation, even under weak supervision, thanks to our multimodal-based modeling and training scheme.

Red Wine Quality prediction using AzureML, AKS with TensorFlow Keras


Please read the other post Red Wine Quality prediction using AzureML, AKS. This was done using machine learning techniques and not using deep learning. The same thing is accomplished here but using the deep learning framework Keras. Most of the things remain the same compared to the machine learning method, but a few steps change. I am going to highlight the changed aspects here only so that it is easy to follow.

IUP: An Intelligent Utility Prediction Scheme for Solid-State Fermentation in 5G IoT Artificial Intelligence

At present, SOILD-STATE Fermentation (SSF) is mainly controlled by artificial experience, and the product quality and yield are not stable. Accurately predicting the quality and yield of SSF is of great significance for improving human food security and supply. In this paper, we propose an Intelligent Utility Prediction (IUP) scheme for SSF in 5G Industrial Internet of Things (IoT), including parameter collection and utility prediction of SSF process. This IUP scheme is based on the environmental perception and intelligent learning algorithms of the 5G Industrial IoT. We build a workflow model based on rewritable petri net to verify the correctness of the system model function and process. In addition, we design a utility prediction model for SSF based on the Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) and Fully Connected Neural Network (FCNN). We design a GAN with constraint of mean square error (MSE-GAN) to solve the problem of few-shot learning of SSF, and then combine with the FCNN to realize the utility prediction (usually use the alcohol) of SSF. Based on the production of liquor in laboratory, the experiments show that the proposed method is more accurate than the other prediction methods in the utility prediction of SSF, and provide the basis for the numerical analysis of the proportion of preconfigured raw materials and the appropriate setting of cellar temperature.

COOT: Cooperative Hierarchical Transformer for Video-Text Representation Learning Artificial Intelligence

Many real-world video-text tasks involve different levels of granularity, such as frames and words, clip and sentences or videos and paragraphs, each with distinct semantics. In this paper, we propose a Cooperative hierarchical Transformer (COOT) to leverage this hierarchy information and model the interactions between different levels of granularity and different modalities. The method consists of three major components: an attention-aware feature aggregation layer, which leverages the local temporal context (intra-level, e.g., within a clip), a contextual transformer to learn the interactions between low-level and high-level semantics (inter-level, e.g. clip-video, sentence-paragraph), and a cross-modal cycle-consistency loss to connect video and text. The resulting method compares favorably to the state of the art on several benchmarks while having few parameters. All code is available open-source at

Artificial Intelligence: Research Impact on Key Industries; the Upper-Rhine Artificial Intelligence Symposium (UR-AI 2020) Artificial Intelligence

The TriRhenaTech alliance presents a collection of accepted papers of the cancelled tri-national 'Upper-Rhine Artificial Inteeligence Symposium' planned for 13th May 2020 in Karlsruhe. The TriRhenaTech alliance is a network of universities in the Upper-Rhine Trinational Metropolitan Region comprising of the German universities of applied sciences in Furtwangen, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe, and Offenburg, the Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University Loerrach, the French university network Alsace Tech (comprised of 14 'grandes \'ecoles' in the fields of engineering, architecture and management) and the University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland. The alliance's common goal is to reinforce the transfer of knowledge, research, and technology, as well as the cross-border mobility of students.

RecoBERT: A Catalog Language Model for Text-Based Recommendations Machine Learning

Language models that utilize extensive self-supervised pre-training from unlabeled text, have recently shown to significantly advance the state-of-the-art performance in a variety of language understanding tasks. However, it is yet unclear if and how these recent models can be harnessed for conducting text-based recommendations. In this work, we introduce RecoBERT, a BERT-based approach for learning catalog-specialized language models for text-based item recommendations. We suggest novel training and inference procedures for scoring similarities between pairs of items, that don't require item similarity labels. Both the training and the inference techniques were designed to utilize the unlabeled structure of textual catalogs, and minimize the discrepancy between them. By incorporating four scores during inference, RecoBERT can infer text-based item-to-item similarities more accurately than other techniques. In addition, we introduce a new language understanding task for wine recommendations using similarities based on professional wine reviews. As an additional contribution, we publish annotated recommendations dataset crafted by human wine experts. Finally, we evaluate RecoBERT and compare it to various state-of-the-art NLP models on wine and fashion recommendations tasks.

Missing Cannes? Drink Like You're There With Rosé/Not Rosé – IAM Network


Cannes Lions, the glitzy celebration of all things advertising, had been set to take place next week. But when Covid-19 hit in the spring, advertising's biggest event of the year was canceled for 2020. But that hasn't stopped ad-tech firm Cognitiv from celebrating the festival's signature tipple.A tribute to HBO hit series Silicon Valley's Not Hotdog app, Cognitiv created its own Rosé/Not Rosé app to detect whether the drink in a user's hand is indeed rosé. The app, set to be released next week, draws on machine learning to pick out the beverage's light-pink hue--or lack thereof--from a user-submitted selfie.But while the app itself offers a bit of levity, the underlying programming was far from simple, Cognitiv CEO and co-founder Jeremy Fain told Adweek. "It's one thing to train a deep-learning algorithm to identify wine. It's totally another level to develop an algorithm that can accurately discern between rosé, red wine, white wine or water."

Local Motion Planner for Autonomous Navigation in Vineyards with a RGB-D Camera-Based Algorithm and Deep Learning Synergy Machine Learning

With the advent of agriculture 3.0 and 4.0, researchers are increasingly focusing on the development of innovative smart farming and precision agriculture technologies by introducing automation and robotics into the agricultural processes. Autonomous agricultural field machines have been gaining significant attention from farmers and industries to reduce costs, human workload, and required resources. Nevertheless, achieving sufficient autonomous navigation capabilities requires the simultaneous cooperation of different processes; localization, mapping, and path planning are just some of the steps that aim at providing to the machine the right set of skills to operate in semi-structured and unstructured environments. In this context, this study presents a low-cost local motion planner for autonomous navigation in vineyards based only on an RGB-D camera, low range hardware, and a dual layer control algorithm. The first algorithm exploits the disparity map and its depth representation to generate a proportional control for the robotic platform. Concurrently, a second back-up algorithm, based on representations learning and resilient to illumination variations, can take control of the machine in case of a momentaneous failure of the first block. Moreover, due to the double nature of the system, after initial training of the deep learning model with an initial dataset, the strict synergy between the two algorithms opens the possibility of exploiting new automatically labeled data, coming from the field, to extend the existing model knowledge. The machine learning algorithm has been trained and tested, using transfer learning, with acquired images during different field surveys in the North region of Italy and then optimized for on-device inference with model pruning and quantization. Finally, the overall system has been validated with a customized robot platform in the relevant environment.