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Introduction to Artificial Intelligence.


The starting point of modern information technology has as a starting point the year 1945 and the machine that defeated the Enigma code, the ENIAC, and the English mathematician and cryptanalyst, Alan Turing. "The original question, can machines think?" Forty years of development, starting from ENIAC, led to IBM's supercomputer Deep Blue. In 1985, Garry Kasparov became the world champion in chess beating 32 opponents, simultaneously. Deep Blue's predecessor, "Deep Thought", lost two times by the world chess champion Garry Kasparov in 1989.

A brief history of AI: how to prevent another winter (a critical review) Artificial Intelligence

The field of artificial intelligence (AI), regarded as one of the most enigmatic areas of science, has witnessed exponential growth in the past decade including a remarkably wide array of applications, having already impacted our everyday lives. Advances in computing power and the design of sophisticated AI algorithms have enabled computers to outperform humans in a variety of tasks, especially in the areas of computer vision and speech recognition. Yet, AI's path has never been smooth, having essentially fallen apart twice in its lifetime ('winters' of AI), both after periods of popular success ('summers' of AI). We provide a brief rundown of AI's evolution over the course of decades, highlighting its crucial moments and major turning points from inception to the present. In doing so, we attempt to learn, anticipate the future, and discuss what steps may be taken to prevent another 'winter'.

Will AI Take Over The World?


If AI has a goal and humanity just happens to be in the way, it will destroy humanity as a matter of course without even thinking about it…It's just like, if we're building a road and an anthill just happens to be in the way, we don't hate ants, we're just building a road.

How advancements in artificial intelligence will impact content marketing


From content strategy and audience targeting to SEO and email writing, a wide variety of activities performed by marketers every day will be intelligently automated to a certain degree in the near future. Honey Singh, CEO, #ARM Worldwide writes a few ways in which you can use artificial intelligence and strengthen your marketing strategy. Back in 1950, Alan Turing, the English logician and computer scientist, posed the question: "Can machines think?" Since then, computers have done everything; from defeating a Russian chess grandmaster to writing a sci-fi screenplay. The way AI has entered our lives and changed our perception tells us a lot about what the future holds for us.

Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, and How it Applies to Entertainment


In 1955, computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term artificial intelligence. Just five years before, English Mathematician Alan Turing had posed the question, "Can Machines Think?" Turing proposed a test: could a computer be built which is indistinguishable from a human? This test, often referred to as the Turing Test, has sparked the imagination of AI researchers ever since and been a key idea in the field. In the late 1990s artificial intelligence made its mark again, when IBM's Deep Blue beat the world chess champion Gary Kasparov. Since then, advances in computing power and data accumulation have led to a proliferation of new technologies driven by artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence: The Birth and The Growth Blog by WeblineIndia


Similar to its name, artificial intelligence contradicts nature. Intelligence, a complex term, defined by dictionaries as the ability to be logical, intrapersonal, interpersonal, linguistic, spatial, naturalist, musical and existential. Artificial Intelligence is an attempt to replicate the human brain that perceives, learns and reacts to its surroundings, according to the situation at hand. When we say that a machine is intelligent, we refer to the machine having the capability to understand its self, its needs, believes and desires and also having the ability to empathize with the surrounding entities. We believe that it is capable of expressing with logical reasoning.

A Brief History of AI, From French Philosophy to Self-Driving Cars - Dell Technologies


And yet, AI's current automated task-mastering was first posited by the French philosopher René Descartes almost 400 years ago. Descartes, who famously coined, "I think, therefore I am," pondered about the ability of machines to reason. While machines may be able to "do some things as well, or better, than humans, they would inevitably fail in others," whereas human reason can universally adapt to any task. Though Descartes' idea of machines differs from today's reality, some say he threw down the gauntlet for what we now refer to as general AI--or machines that can think like humans. Though Descartes' idea of machines differs from today's reality, some say he threw down the gauntlet for what we now refer to as general AI--or machines that can think like humans.

The Evolution of Artificial Intelligence: From ELIZA to Watson Insights Unboxed


In an earlier blog article I wrote about how human intelligence differs from artificial intelligence, namely human intelligence is general intelligence while artificial intelligence is specialized intelligence. The article provides "food for thought" for those who fear technology evolution, and specifically AI. In today's article I offer more reflections on the evolution of AI. Put in simple words, AI is about Thinking Machines. The English computer scientist Alan Turing was the first academic who proposed to consider the question "Can machines think?" in 1950.

History of artificial intelligence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity, with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with "an ancient wish to forge the gods."[1] The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols. This work culminated in the invention of the programmable digital computer in the 1940s, a machine based on the abstract essence of mathematical reasoning. This device and the ideas behind it inspired a handful of scientists to begin seriously discussing the possibility of building an electronic brain. The Turing test was proposed by British mathematician Alan Turing in his 1950 paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, which opens with the words: "I propose to consider the question, 'Can machines think?'" The term'Artificial Intelligence' was created at a conference held at Dartmouth College in 1956.[2] Allen Newell, J. C. Shaw, and Herbert A. Simon pioneered the newly created artificial intelligence field with the Logic Theory Machine (1956), and the General Problem Solver in 1957.[3] In 1958, John McCarthy and Marvin Minsky started the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab with 50,000.[4] John McCarthy also created LISP in the summer of 1958, a programming language still important in artificial intelligence research.[5] In 1973, in response to the criticism of James Lighthill and ongoing pressure from congress, the U.S. and British Governments stopped funding undirected research into artificial intelligence. Seven years later, a visionary initiative by the Japanese Government inspired governments and industry to provide AI with billions of dollars, but by the late 80s the investors became disillusioned and withdrew funding again. McCorduck (2004) writes "artificial intelligence in one form or another is an idea that has pervaded Western intellectual history, a dream in urgent need of being realized," expressed in humanity's myths, legends, stories, speculation and clockwork automatons.[6] Mechanical men and artificial beings appear in Greek myths, such as the golden robots of Hephaestus and Pygmalion's Galatea.[7] In the Middle Ages, there were rumors of secret mystical or alchemical means of placing mind into matter, such as J?bir ibn Hayy?n's Takwin, Paracelsus' homunculus and Rabbi Judah Loew's Golem.[8] By the 19th century, ideas about artificial men and thinking machines were developed in fiction, as in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein or Karel?apek's