Evolved packet core (EPC, Figure 5) is a distributed system of different nodes, each consisting of diverse network functions (NFs) that are required to manage the LTE network. The EPC consists of data and control data planes: the data plane enforces operator policies (e.g., DPI, QoS classes, and accounting) on data traffic to/from the user equipment (UE), whereas the control plane provides key control and management functions such as access control, mobility, and security management.
Despite everything we've all been through, though, there were a few bright spots in the world of tech. Console makers blessed us with mouthwatering next-gen hardware, while Apple wowed the industry with the prowess of its own M1 CPU. Google also delivered an excellent phone for just $350, demonstrating an ability to not just read the room, but also to think of a world beyond a well-heeled tech-savvy audience. There are also companies that flourished during the global lockdown, and though truth continued to be contested throughout the US elections, we thankfully saw social media step up their efforts to combat misinformation. Clearly, staying home gave some of us the freedom to produce great products and fight for good. Apple's M1 system on a chip (SOC) may be tiny, but its impact on the computing industry will be felt for years to come. The first of Apple's silicon to reach Macs, the M1 is a powerhouse, with 8 CPU cores and up to 8 GPU cores. Both the M1-equipped MacBook Air and MacBook Pro blew away comparable Intel or AMD-based PCs in the Geekbench 5 benchmark.
Artificial intelligence has proven to be a technology that has the potential to change any industry. Chatbots are among the most popular marketing tools, and they represent only one of many areas of application of AI. Thanks to machine learning, AI can not only operate massive amounts of data but also learn from its previous experiences and improve its approaches. Given that 5G enables a much faster transfer of data, it allows developers to expand the functionality of mobile applications and to introduce new features. Let's consider the relationship between these two most promising technologies in more detail.
The unveiling of Qualcomm's new flagship chip -- the Snapdragon 888 -- this week for Android smartphones underlines just how big a role artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities will play in upcoming smartphones. Like how the recent iPhone 12 launch unpacked the tiny transistors and the AI advantages of Apple's new A14 Bionic chip – promising nearly 30% uptick in CPU, GPU, and AI-powered sensors performances – the Qualcomm Snapdragon 888 is the chipmaker's first 5-nanometer chip. The smaller transistors on these 5nm chips mean that performance gains are boosted up to 35% higher than previous generations, and the 888 also has its 5G modem built into it rather than a separate component in previous chips – which means that connectivity is also being enhanced alongside the processing and graphical capabilities. The combination of 5G coverage and AI-powered sensor input should be no slouch for the next-generation of topline Android devices, but AI will not just be enhancing the camera and other sensors. "Qualcomm's addition of a large AI accelerator and TinyML to its next-generation 5G mobile platform is a game-changer for 5G mobile devices," said Lian Jye Su, the principal analyst at tech market advisory firm, ABI Research.
Qualcomm just announced its latest premium mobile processor, the Snapdragon 888. This 5 nm chip, rumored to be made at a Samsung facility, provides multiple levels of improvement in central processing power, high end graphics that approach the capabilities of a gaming console. There are also camera improvements that threaten stand-alone DSLR, and AI functions that enhance and protect camera still and video images from "Deep Fakes" while also providing big improvements in AI inference workloads. And, of course, it runs on 5G networks, along with supporting faster Wi-Fi 6 and 6E capability. One feature that stands out for me seems to be buried in most coverage of the 888 processor and has the potential for dramatically changing the way mobile devices work, as well as enhancing security well beyond where we are today.
Although Apple's latest A14 Bionic chip enabled the iPhone 12 family and iPad Air tablets to deliver impressive performance improvements, Qualcomm is making clear that the next generation of Android devices will rely heavily on advanced AI and computer vision processors to retake the performance lead. Teased yesterday at Qualcomm's virtual Tech Summit, the Snapdragon 888 is getting a full reveal today, and the year-over-year gains are impressive, notably including the largest jump in AI performance in Snapdragon history. The Snapdragon 888's debut is significant for technical decision makers because the chip will power most if not all of 2021's flagship Android phones, which collectively represent a large share of the over two billion computers sold globally each year. Moreover, the 888's increasing reliance on AI processing demonstrates how machine learning's role is now critical in advancing all areas of computing, ranging from how devices work when they're fully on to what they're quietly doing when not in active use. From a high-level perspective, the Snapdragon 888 is a sequel to last year's flagship 865 chips, leveraging 5-nanometer process technology and tighter integration with 5G and AI chips to deliver performance and power efficiency gains.
The Snapdragon 888 platform, unveiled on December 2 at Snapdragon Tech Summit Digital 2020, features a revised architecture, 5G multi-SIM connectivity, 5nm processes, a Kryo 680 processor (up to 2.84GHz), a third-generation Snapdragon X60 5G Modem-RF system, 6th-gen Qualcomm AI Engine, and a Triple Image Signal Processor (ISP) -- as well as Spectra 580 -- to data capture at up to 2.7 gigapixels per second. The latest flagship processor is expected to feature in premium mobile devices in 2021. While the revamped image processing functionality could be a way for OEMs to separate their camera-equipped smartphones from other models in a congested market, the AI functionality of the new processor family makes it possible. See also: Qualcomm brings 5G to Always On, Always Connected PCs with debut of Snapdragon 8cx Gen 2 Qualcomm brings 5G to non-flagship mobiles with Snapdragon 690 Qualcomm's Cloud AI 100 aims for first half 2021 deployments Jeff Gehlhaar, VP of Technology, and Hsin-I Hsu, Senior Product Manager at Qualcomm said the 6th-generation Qualcomm AI Engine is the new jewel in Qualcomm's mobile AI crown, made possible through a substantial redesign of the AI processing system. As artificial intelligence becomes more complex -- now featured in our camera software, games, the natural language processing (NLP) capabilities of apps, and more -- an engine capable of high-performance AI processing is necessary to prompt innovation in the space.
Chinese tech giants Baidu Inc. and Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. announced today that they're teaming up to build an open artificial intelligence ecosystem for mobile devices. The two companies said they want to create platform that fosters the development of mobile AI that "knows you better." The new ecosystem will combine Baidu Brain, which is the catch-all term for Baidu's various AI tools, with Huawei's HiAI mobile computing platform. The project will also take advantage of the AI-focused hardware components that Huawei installs in its latest smartphone models. "The future is all about smart devices that will actively serve us, not just respond to what we tell them to do," Richard Yu (pictured, right), chief executive of Huawei's Consumer Business Group, said in a statement.
In this post, we examine the state of 5G in 2020. And while the United States is seeing good growth with this technology, it lags in average download speeds. Last year, we presented a post asking and answering: Do YOU Know What 5G Is? In March 2020, we noted that a BI Intelligence study found that "39% of respondents to our survey saying they plan to support 5G in IoT products and services before 2021." All the things we hope will make our lives easier, safer, and healthier will require high-speed, always-on internet connections.
Despite the fact that it's as yet quite a while away from widespread deployment, 5G is a critical segment in the development of cloud-computing ecosystems toward more distributed environments. Between now and 2025, the networking industry will contribute about $1 trillion worldwide on 5G, supporting quick worldwide adoption of mobile, edge, and embedded devices in essentially every circle of our lives. It will be a demonstrating ground for cutting-edge artificial intelligence (AI), offering an environment within which data-driven algorithms will control each cloud-driven process, device, and experience. Similarly as huge, AI will be a vital segment in guaranteeing that 5G networks are enhanced from start to finish, 24 7. Many believe that 5G internet and artificial intelligence will change the world.