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2019 - Artificial intelligence: Human rights, social justice and development

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is now receiving unprecedented global attention as it finds widespread practical application in multiple spheres of activity. But what are the human rights, social justice and development implications of AI when used in areas such as health, education and social services, or in building "smart cities"? How does algorithmic decision making impact on marginalised people and the poor? This edition of Global Information Society Watch (GISWatch) provides a perspective from the global South on the application of AI to our everyday lives. It includes 40 country reports from countries as diverse as Benin, Argentina, India, Russia and Ukraine, as well as three regional reports.


Hummingbird Technologies - Exhibitor Directory - Future Farming Technology

#artificialintelligence

Hummingbird Technologies are a world-leading AI and machine learning business in the crop analysis space. We consolidate data from drones, planes and satellites and deliver value-driven actionable insights for farmers, agronomists and food companies. The Hummingbird platform delivers greater insight into crop health and yield potential with a range of crop-specific AI tools for earlier disease identification, optimum nutrient management, detailed plant counting, crop development modelling and yield prediction. Backed by Sir James Dyson, the European Space Agency, BASF and some of the leading tech VC and large agro businesses, Hummingbird have operations in UK, Brazil, Russia, Ukraine, Australia and North America.


From comic to commander-in-chief: A steep learning curve for Ukraine's new leader

The Japan Times

KIEV - Ukraine's election has catapulted Volodymyr Zelenskiy, a 41-year-old stand-up comedian and television star with no political experience, into the nation's top job. As leader of a country dependent on international aid and battling separatists, Zelenskiy will have to deal with Russian President Vladimir Putin, deep economic problems and possibly rebellious elites. Here is a look at the main challenges facing Ukraine's sixth president: Voters expect the new commander-in-chief to end a five-year war with Moscow-backed separatists in the industrial east. The conflict has claimed some 13,000 lives since 2014 and is a huge burden on the economy and society. Despite numerous attempts to staunch the bloodletting, the conflict regularly claims the lives of soldiers and civilians, and a solution is nowhere in sight.


Artificial intelligence and war

#artificialintelligence

Bruce Newsome reviews the recently published book: "Strategy, Evolution, and War: From Apes to Artificial Intelligence," authored by Kenneth Payne and published by Georgetown University Press. Artificial intelligence (AI) has been explicit in the practices and policies of defence since at least the 1970s, at least in high-capacity countries, given the exponential growth in the power of electronic computing per unit cost. It was already specified in training and forecasting simulations, decision-making aids, targeting aids, robotics, adaptive navigation systems (as in the Tomahawk Cruise Missile), and ballistic missile defence. Any child with a video game could experience AI. AI raced up Western governmental priorities in the 2000s by application to countering terrorism; in 2009, the US escalated its cyber capabilities and authorities, partly on the promise of AI; in 2014, the Russians seemed to know first what the defenders of Ukraine were doing, in part because of integration of AI; and in 2016, Western governments consensually blamed Russia for unprecedented interference in American and other elections, partly aided by AI.


Machine learning thwarted 'massive' Windows crypto-jacking attack

#artificialintelligence

It said the attack was first noticed at noon on March 6, when Windows computers using Windows Defender antivirus began to report a new and rapidly growing campaign. Defender began to analyse and block the attack, initially removing it from over 80,000 computers. Over the course of the next 12 hours, the malware proliferated through Russia, Turkey and Ukraine. At least 400,000 machines were infected. The attack was unusually aggressive and spread far more rapidly than typical malware outbreaks.


Salaries of Data Scientists and Machine Learning Engineers From Around the World

#artificialintelligence

Annual salaries for data scientists and machine learning engineers vary significantly across the world. Based on a 2017 Kaggle survey of data professionals, countries with the highest paid data scientists and machine learning engineers (in USD) were: US ($120K), Australia ($111K), Israel ($88K), Canada ($81K) and Germany ($80K). Countries with the lowest annual salaries were: Brazil ($35K), Poland ($29K), Ukraine ($25K), India ($14K) and Russia ($13K). In my last post, I compared at annual salaries of different data professionals in the US. Data scientists and machine learning engineers from the US reported some of the highest salaries among different data professionals.


These Ukraine veterans fought Russia: Now they're being turned into software devs

ZDNet

Junior sergeant Koziuk Serhiy was 23 years old when he was called to defend his country, Ukraine, in the war with Russia. He fought in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, where he saw friends and comrades die. He was injured in a blast in the Battle of Illovaisk, in the summer of 2014, and received a medal for serving his country. Announced at the White House, IBM's plan to hire 2,000 more veterans is part of the company's goal to hire 25,000 US workers through 2020. "The war in the Eastern part of Ukraine turned my life upside down," he tells ZDNet.


How 'StarCraft II' is powering a clever HD remake of 'Diablo II'

Mashable

"The Curse of Tristram" is the kind of inspired, over-the-top modding project that could only be hatched in the mind of a fan. The idea is straightforward enough: deliver a remastered version of Diablo II by rebuilding it inside StarCraft II. Nevermind the fact that the latter is a finely tuned strategy game and the former is a loot-focused action-RPG. SEE ALSO: Stolen'Diablo' fan art is being used as a symbol of Ukraine's fight against Russia For Etienne Godbout, the French Canadian programmer behind The Curse of Tristram, it was really the only choice. He wanted to remake the second Diablo game and the Blizzard-supported modding software for StarCraft II is the only option for citizen programmers that want to do things with Blizzard games.


Global cyber attack is a new version of the 'Wannacry' virus that took down the NHS, Ukrainian official says

The Independent - Tech

An adviser to Ukraine's interior minister said a version of the "WannaCry" ransomware had caused outages on government websites and those of several companies, a cyber attack he called the worst in Ukraine's history. The hack began in the country but has since spread across the world, hitting companies as widely as Danish shipping company Maersk and British advertising company WPP, the biggest in the world. Adviser Anton Gerashchenko said Ukrainian IT systems had been targeted with "Cryptolocker" a version of WannaCry, the virus that locked up more than 200,000 computers in more than 150 countries in May. The I.F.O. is fuelled by eight electric engines, which is able to push the flying object to an estimated top speed of about 120mph. The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar.


NATO stocks up on data-sucking surveillance drones

Mashable

The alliance is buying five Global Hawk surveillance drones, according to The Wall Street Journal. They'll be based in Italy, and the first one will begin flying around either later this year or early next. While it's a bit unclear how those surveillance drones will be used, there is a chance they will be deployed in Eastern Europe. NATO has recently sent more troops to places such as Poland, as Russian-backed separatists continue to battle Ukrainian troops in Ukraine. Surveillance drones are often used to monitor the locations of troops or anything of interest, and could -- theoretically -- help NATO gather information along the alliance's border with Russia, whose government detests NATO.