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Social & Ethical Issues


Pentagon names new chief of responsible artificial intelligence

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The Pentagon has tapped artificial intelligence ethics and research expert Diane Staheli to lead the Responsible AI (RAI) Division of its new Chief Digital and AI Office (CDAO), FedScoop confirmed on Tuesday. In this role, Staheli will help steer the Defense Department's development and application of policies, practices, standards and metrics for buying and building AI that is trustworthy and accountable. She enters the position nearly nine months after DOD's first AI ethics lead exited the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC), and in the midst of a broad restructuring of the Pentagon's main AI-associated components under the CDAO. "[Staheli] has significant experience in military-oriented research and development environments, and is a contributing member of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence AI Assurance working group," Sarah Flaherty, CDAO's public affairs officer, told FedScoop. Advanced computer-driven systems use AI to perform tasks that generally require some human intelligence.


Synchromy

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The troubled hero of our story believes that his digital social profile, created by him, is acting independently in an attempt to take over his life. Ultimately, the audience is left asking if he really is losing his mind, or if he can see a reality we all have missed. Librettist Sarah LaBrie says of the script, "When Vera Ivanova approached me with this project, my first thought was that this story would offer an incredible opportunity to play with the concept of identity and the way it changes as our lives migrate increasingly online. Now, however, I've come to understand that the significance of The Double to our current cultural moment runs much deeper than that. In 2022, many of us are coming to terms with what it means to be a citizen of a country founded on a dream that clashes glaringly with the reality many of us confront."


The IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA) kicks off with the largest in-person participation and number of represented countries ever

Robohub

The IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), taking place simultaneously at the Pennsylvania Convention Center in Philadelphia and virtually, has just kicked off. ICRA 2022 brings together the world's top researchers and most important companies to share ideas and advances in the fields of robotics and automation. This is the first time the ICRA community is reunited after the pandemic, resulting in record breaking attendance with over 7,000 registrations and 95 countries represented. As the ICRA 2022 Co-Chair Vijay Kumar (University of Pennsylvania, USA) states, "we could not be happier to host the largest robotics conference in the world in Philadelphia, and the beginning of the re-emergence from the pandemic after a three year hiatus. Many important developments in robotics and automation have historically been first presented at ICRA, and in its 39th year, ICRA 2022 promises to take this trend one step further.


Prepare for arrival: Tech pioneer warns of alien invasion

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An alien species is headed for planet Earth and we have no reason to believe it will be friendly. Some experts predict it will get here within 30 years, while others insist it will arrive far sooner. Nobody knows what it will look like, but it will share two key traits with us humans – it will be intelligent and self-aware. No, this alien will not come from a distant planet – it will be born right here on Earth, hatched in a research lab at a major university or large corporation. I am referring to the first artificial general intelligence (AGI) that reaches (or exceeds) human-level cognition.


Tech Leaders Can Do More to Avoid Unintended Consequences

WIRED

Ten years ago, in a small hotel room in Helsinki, Finland, a young tech entrepreneur sat down with a pen and paper and calculated that one of his inventions was responsible for wasting the equivalent of more than a million human lifetimes every day. The realization made him feel sick. That entrepreneur's name is Aza Raskin, and he's the inventor of the "infinite scroll," the feature on our phone that keeps us endlessly scrolling through content with the simple swipe of a finger. Back in 2006, Raskin was trying to solve the clunky experience of the next-page button that internet users continually had to click. Ironically, his goal was to stop disruptions to a user's train of thought.


Council Post: Formidable Human-AI Relations Can Accelerate Sustainability Efforts

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AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond Limits, a leader in artificial intelligence and cognitive computing. Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML) and similar digitalization solutions are modifying the way the world's most influential companies and industries -- as well as entire cities -- function every day. When working in harmony with humans, AI and other automation systems have the potential to make huge impacts on economic growth across the globe, going so far as to support solving humanity's most critical roadblocks, from streamlining energy production to improving grid systems and achieving more sustainable operations for nearly every major industry on Earth. As the CEO of an AI company making advanced digitalization software products and solutions, the paradigm of enabling people and AI to work together on achieving more sustainable operations is always top of mind; its importance cannot be curbed. As we move into the future, I'm confident there will be plenty of jobs for both humans and AI so long as they are able to function in conjunction with one another.


Why we Need Art to Cocreate the Societal Impact of AI

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The societal impact of Artificial Intelligence (AI) dwarfs its technological impact. Already, we see AI everywhere in our daily lives; we see it in our grocery shopping app, our entertainment streaming lists, social media feeds, our dating lives, and the list goes on. The use of AI has become so naturally intertwined with our lives that we often forget to think about the future. We should ask ourselves the question of how we can unlock AI's full potential while keeping its risks at a minimum. And to investigate this question, we need to work together.


How to Respond to the Future of Work: The Importance of Upskilling

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How are you evolving your skills for the future of work? This is one of the most pertinent questions workers are asking themselves. However, the answer is constantly changing. With every new technology, innovation, regulation, and system, the most in-demand skills shift. The capabilities that employers are looking for today are no longer the capabilities of last year, and in many industries this has created a significant skills gap.


How do we keep bias out of AI?

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From the coining of the term back in the 1950's to now, AI has taken remarkable leaps forward and only continues to grow in relevance and sophistication But despite these advancements, there's one problem that continues to plague AI technology – the internal bias and prejudice of its human creators. The issue of AI bias cannot be brushed under the carpet, given the potential detrimental effects it can have. A recent survey showed that 36% of respondents reported that their businesses suffered from AI bias in at least one algorithm, resulting in unequal treatment of users based on race, gender, sexual orientation, religion or age. These instances incurred a direct commercial impact: of those respondents, two-thirds reported that as a result they lost revenue (62%), customers (61%), or employees (43%). And 35% incurred legal fees because of lawsuits or legal action.


How to use responsible AI to manage risk

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We are excited to bring Transform 2022 back in-person July 19 and virtually July 20 - 28. Join AI and data leaders for insightful talks and exciting networking opportunities. While AI-driven solutions are quickly becoming a mainstream technology across industries, it has also become clear that deployment requires careful management to prevent unintentional damage. As is the case with most tools, AI has the potential to expose individuals and enterprises to an array of risks, risks that could have otherwise been mitigated through diligent assessment of potential consequences early on in the process. This is where "responsible AI" comes in -- that is, a governance framework that documents how a specific organization should address the ethical and legal challenges surrounding AI. A key motivation for responsible AI endeavors is resolving uncertainty about who is accountable if something goes wrong.