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Social & Ethical Issues


Excellence and trust in artificial intelligence

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This is why the European Commission has proposed a set of actions to boost excellence in AI, and rules to ensure that the technology is trustworthy. The Regulation on a European Approach for Artificial Intelligence and the update of the Coordinated Plan on AI will guarantee the safety and fundamental rights of people and businesses, while strengthening investment and innovation across EU countries. Once the AI system is on the market, authorities are in charge of the market surveillance, users ensure human oversight and monitoring, while providers have a post-market monitoring system in place. Providers and users will also report serious incidents and malfunctioning. In 2018, the Commission and EU Member States took the first step by joining forces through a Coordinated Plan on AI that helped lay the ground for national strategies and policy developments.


Opinion

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Artificial intelligence has the power to change the world -- and it, as it advances from useful to essential, then from essential to mandatory and finally from mandatory to directive. "Machines will tell us what to do," warns entrepreneur and author Bill Bishop. Gillian K. Hadfield, the director of the Schwartz Reisman Institute for Technology and Society, agrees AI will present new problems but is confident society will be bold and come up with new ideas for regulating AI. To paraphrase Tolstoy, all nice, helpful robots are alike, but all dangerous robots are dangerous in their own unique way. In this debate, I will show that we need to fear the dangerous robots (AIs), not by acting like paranoid Luddites, but to ensure we fear AIs enough to pay attention to potential threats, and to take proactive steps to mitigate them.


Responsible AI at Accenture: In Conversation with Marisa Tricarico

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Accenture's partnership with AI4ALL gives emerging leaders exposure to Responsible AI in practice. The field of AI is changing rapidly, making the need for responsible AI greater than ever. While only 18% of data science students reported learning about ethics in a recent industry survey, examples of AI products with unintended negative consequences continue to grow. Marisa Tricarico, the North America Practice Lead for Responsible AI at Accenture, has a unique perspective on the rapid expansion of this field, as she works with a growing roster of Accenture clients as they develop and deploy AI. Marisa and Accenture's work intersects with AI4ALL's work to train the next generation of responsible AI leaders as well.


Humans and Robots: Understanding Our Connection

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With a big surge of interest in artificial intelligence and robotics in the past few years, the press is eagerly speculating about our future with robots, with headlines like "Will Robots Steal Your Job?," "The Robots Are Coming, Prepare for Trouble," and "Welcome, Robot Overlords. Please Don't Fire Us?" In 2013, a widely promoted University of Oxford study predicted that almost half of all employment in the United States was at high risk of being replaced by robots and AI within ten to twenty years, and others have predicted even greater vulnerability. Technology is advancing at a breathtaking pace, they say. And robots, the story goes, will soon be able to do everything that humans do, while never tiring, never complaining, and working twenty-four hours a day. A 2017 Pew Research study showed that 77 percent of Americans think that during their lifetime, robots and AI will be able to do many of the jobs currently done by humans.


Radical AI podcast: featuring Kate Crawford

AIHub

Hosted by Dylan Doyle-Burke and Jessie J Smith, Radical AI is a podcast featuring the voices of the future in the field of artificial intelligence ethics. In this episode Jess and Dylan chat to Kate Crawford about the Atlas of AI. What is the Atlas of AI? How is AI an industry of extraction? How is AI impacting the planet? To answer these questions and more we welcome to the show Dr Kate Crawford to discuss Kate's new book Atlas of AI: Power, Politics, and the Planetary Costs of Artificial Intelligence.


Move Over Artificial Intelligence, There Is A New AI In Town

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What is Augmented Intelligence and why should you care about it? The AI market is projected to grow to $190Billion by 2025. AI is being used in every industry and is projected to be a core skill for the future. So why is there a new AI? Augmented intelligence refers to the idea that humans and artificial intelligence combined can create better results than either alone.


EU Proposes Restrictive New AI Regulations

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When Microsoft spends $19.7 billion on a company whose specialties included voice recognition and artificial intelligence (AI) as part of its health sector strategy, you know that AI in the medical field is here to stay. It only makes sense, then, that regulations regarding the technology would not be far behind. Thanks to a leaked document first reported by Politico, we now have our first look at what such regulations might look like in the European Union. The regulation document largely concerns "high-risk" usages of AI. That's not surprising, as the European Commission originally published a whitepaper in February 2020 outlining ideas for regulating such uses of the technology.


Ghost in the Shell: Will AI Ever Be Conscious?

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Imagine you undergo a procedure in which every neuron in your brain is gradually replaced by functionally-equivalent electronic components. Let's say the replacement occurs a single neuron at a time, and that behaviorally, nothing about you changes. From the outside, you are still "you," even to your closest friends and loved ones. What would happen to your consciousness? Would it incrementally disappear, one neuron at a time?


Artificial Intelligence: Can We Trust Machines to Make Fair Decisions?

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But what happens when artificial intelligence is biased? What if it makes mistakes on important decisions -- from who gets a job interview or a mortgage to who gets arrested and how much time they ultimately serve for a crime? "These everyday decisions can greatly affect the trajectories of our lives and increasingly, they're being made not by people, but by machines," said UC Davis computer science professor Ian Davidson. A growing body of research, including Davidson's, indicates that bias in artificial intelligence can lead to biased outcomes, especially for minority populations and women. Facial recognition technologies, for example, have come under increasing scrutiny because they've been shown to better detect white faces than they do the faces of people with darker skin.


"A Citizen's Guide To Artificial Intelligence": A Nice Focus On The Societal Impact Of AI

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"A Citizen's Guide to Artificial Intelligence," by a cast of thousands (John Zerilli, John Danaher, James Maclaurin, Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, Joy Liddicoat, and Merel Noorman) is a nice high level view of some of the issues surrounding the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI). The author bios describe them as all lawyers and "philosophers" except for Noorman, and with that crowd it's no surprise the book is much better at discussing the higher level impacts than AI itself. Luckily, there's a whole lot more of the latter than there is the former. The real issue is they're better at explaining things than at coming to logical conclusions. We'll get to that, but it's still a useful read.