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Social & Ethical Issues


Focus on the Process: Formulating AI Ethics Principles More Responsibly

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems have been involved in numerous scandals in recent years. For instance, take the COMPAS recidivism algorithm. The algorithm evaluated the likelihood that defendants will commit another crime in the future. It was widely used in the US criminal justice system to inform decisions about who can be set free at all stages of the process. In 2016, ProPublica exposed that COMPAS's predictions were biased: its mistakes favored white over black defendants. Black defendants were twice as likely to be labeled as high risk to reoffend but not actually reoffend.


India's Top Ethical AI Advocate: The Journey Of Saishruthi Swaminathan

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"I was amazed at how my data can answer all my questions like a magic box that gives whatever you want." For this week's ML practitioner's series, Analytics India Magazine (AIM) got in touch with Saishruthi Swaminathan, Technical Lead and Advisory Data Scientist at IBM. Saishruthi is an active ethical AI practitioner and advocate based out of California and has been a consistent contributor to the field of Ethical AI through open-source contributions. As of today, her work has reached more than 25,000 people around the world and got them exposed to Ethical AI concepts. Saishruthi: I did my undergraduate in Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, and Master's in Electrical Engineering, specializing in Data Science. Throughout my academic phase, I was figuring out what I liked and wanted to become.


Russia Probably Has Not Used AI-Enabled Weapons in Ukraine, but That Could Change

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In March, WIRED ran a story with the headline "Russia's Killer Drone in Ukraine Raises Fears About AI in Warfare," with the subtitle, "The maker of the lethal drone claims that it can identify targets using artificial intelligence." The story focused on the KUB-BLA, a small kamikaze drone aircraft that smashes itself into enemy targets and detonates an onboard explosive. The KUB-BLA is made by ZALA Aero, a subsidiary of the Russian weapons manufacturer Kalashnikov (best known as the maker of the AK-47), which itself is partly owned by Rostec, a part of Russia's government-owned defense-industrial complex. The WIRED story understandably attracted a lot of attention, but those who only read the sensational headline missed the article's critical caveat: "It is unclear if the drone may have been operated in this [an AI-enabled autonomous] way in Ukraine." Other outlets re-reported the WIRED story, but irresponsibly did so without the caveat.


Ethics in artificial intelligence

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Whether you're chatting with an online customer service bot, using your smart phone, applying for a job or loan, scrolling on social media, or riding in an autonomous car, today we find ourselves interacting with artificial intelligence (AI) in more ways than ever before. As those interactions increase, and as AI begins to play a role in more important parts of our lives, the need for responsible AI ethics and oversight becomes more pronounced. Artificial intelligence applications are making decisions that impact our privacy, finances, safety, employment, health and much more. With so much at stake, it's important that those who utilise this advanced technology understand the risks, have a plan for mitigating those risks, are abiding by some sort of responsible ethics, and have accountability if they fail to do so. Research indicates the global AI software market is expected to expand from $10billion in 2019 to $125billion by 2025.


China and the EU regulate AI, US speculates

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While the European Union is playing the long game in drafting regulation for AI, China has been surprising many with quick yet profound regulations. A report compares the situation for both jurisdictions. On a different track, the U.S. government looks at ways to improve its AI research infrastructure. The European Union has a long-standing reputation for regulating many facets of life. Its GDPR has been something of a global hit. With its upcoming AI Act it attempts to safeguard human rights and society generally.


Smarter health: How AI is transforming health care

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This is the first episode in our series Smarter health. American health care is complex. In the first episode in our series Smarter health, we explore the potential of AI in health care -- from predicting patient risk, to diagnostics, to just helping physicians make better decisions. Today, On Point: We consider whether AI's potential can be realized in our financially-motivated health care system. Welcome to an On Point special series: Smarter health: Artificial intelligence and the future of American health care. In the not so distant future, artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies could transform the health care you receive, whether you're aware of it or not. Here are just a couple of examples. Dr. Vindell Washington is chief clinical officer at Verily Life Sciences, which is owned by Google's parent company, Alphabet. Washington oversees the development of Onduo. Technology that weaves together multiple streams of complex, daily medical data in order to guide and personalize health care decisions across entire patient populations. VINDELL WASHINGTON [Tape]: You might have a blood pressure cuff reading, you may have a blood sugar reading, you may have some logging that you've done.


Digishock 3.0: The Future of Artificial Intelligence (AI) - Coursemetry

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Note: 4.0/5 (31 notes) 9,063 students Let's get this straight and to the point. Man has long feared the rise of the machine, fearing that his own creation might become really smarter or intelligent and more sophisticated than he is. However, while AI and machine learning are rapidly altering our environment and propelling the Fourth Industrial Revolution, humanity does not need to be concerned. Artificial Intelligence (AI) will provide people with the ability to focus on the aspects of their occupations or jobs that are most rewarding to them and the time is coming soon. We must also note that Artificial intelligence is influencing the future of almost every sector and every person on the planet.


Smarter health: How AI is transforming health care

#artificialintelligence

This is the first episode in our series Smarter health. American health care is complex. In the first episode in our series Smarter health, we explore the potential of AI in health care -- from predicting patient risk, to diagnostics, to just helping physicians make better decisions. Today, On Point: We consider whether AI's potential can be realized in our financially-motivated health care system. Welcome to an On Point special series: Smarter health: Artificial intelligence and the future of American health care.



Smarter health: How AI is transforming health care

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CHAKRABARTI: Episode one, the digital caduceus. In the not so distant future, artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies could …