Can Computers be Creative? How? How can [a creative idea] arise, then, if not by magic? And how can one impossible idea be more surprising, more creative, than another? How can creativity happen?
– from Margaret Boden. Creativity and Unpredictability. Stanford Electronic Humanities Review 4(2), 1995.
"Is Artificial Intelligence better than Human Intelligence?" is a popular question. Artificial intelligence's negative reputation stems from its apparent overmatching of human intellect. Compared to a brilliant individual, a computer is quicker in various fields. What would take years for a person to complete will only take minutes for AI, and that is the case. In other words, comparing the two types of intelligence may prove that they are significantly different from one another. But how distinct are they? Artificial Intelligence has advanced a long way from being a science fiction component to reality. We have self-driving cars, smart virtual assistants, chatbots, and surgical robots, among other intelligent machines these days.
The most immediate benefit of artificial intelligence (AI) for business is increasingly clear: it's a huge opportunity for increased productivity. Gartner recently calculated that In 2021, AI augmentation will create €2.6 trillion of business value and save 6.2 billion man-hours globally and a survey by McKinsey has estimated that AI analytics could add around $13trn, or 16%, to annual global GDP by 2030. The easiest and fastest way to implement business AI is to add machine learning to existing business processes. Automation brings the most value when it's applied to narrow, repetitive business decisions that are made thousands of times a day, replacing the more boring aspects of knowledge work. For example, machine learning has proved successful at automating repetitive finance tasks such as the automatic matching of invoices and payments, increasing rates from 70% to 94% in just a few weeks--resulting in massive savings in time and effort.
The full form of AI is Artificial Intelligence or in Hindi it means artificial intelligence or artificial brain. This is such a simulation that machines are given human intelligence, or rather, their brains are so advanced that they can think and work like humans. This is done especially in the computer system itself. There are mainly three processes involved in this process and they are first learning (in which information is put in the mind of machines and they are also taught some rules so that they follow those rules to complete a given task), second is Rezoning (under this, the machines are instructed to follow the rules made to move towards the results so that they can get an approximate or definite conclusion) and the third is Self-Correction. If we talk about the particular application of AI, then it includes expert system, speech recognition and machine vision.
Traditional drug discovery techniques are all about brute force--and a little bit of luck. Basically, large-scale, high-throughput screening is used to cover a search space. The process is a little like conducting antisubmarine warfare without the benefit of sonar. Unsurprisingly, very few of the depth charges (drug candidates) hit their targets and achieve the desired results (successful clinical trials). The seas are simply too vast.
Introduction: From Siri to Clippy, A.I. has been with us for decades. Meet the new generation of Artificial Intelligence that's been taking over and how it is shaping our world A.I. is no longer a futuristic concept. It has been with us for decades and is now taking on new roles in the workplace, healthcare, and education sectors. For instance, Clippy was a virtual assistant that was developed by Microsoft in the 1990s and was designed to answer questions about Microsoft Office programs such as Microsoft Word or Excel. Clippy's responses were often humorous, but it could also be annoying when it popped up at inappropriate times or gave irrelevant answers to simple questions. The new generation of AIs are more flexible than their predecessors and can be used for multiple tasks without being exclusively programmed for one specific task like their predecessors were.
Sociology professor Anton Oleinik argues that neural networks are structured in a way that limits the possibility that they will ever have true artificial creativity. Neural networks–a common type of artificial intelligence–are infiltrating every aspect of our lives, powering the internet-connected devices in our homes, the algorithms that dictate what we see online, and even the computational systems in our cars. But according to an article published in the peer-reviewed journal Big Data & Society by Anton Oleinik, a sociology professor at Memorial University of Newfoundland, there's one crucial area where neural networks do not outperform humans: creativity. Researchers have projected that automation may claim 800 million jobs around the world by 2030. Others suggest that as many as half of American jobs may be under threat from automation.
When the pandemic forced millions of people into working and collaborating remotely, it not only caused an explosion in the use and development of new technologies for productive and effective collaboration, it also made many of us more aware than ever of how technologies can enhance our thinking and creativity. At Nesta's Centre for Collective Intelligence Design, our work rests upon the premise that human intelligence combined with machine intelligence is more powerful than either in isolation. When these are successfully combined, it is known as collective intelligence. Our Grants Programme awarded funding to 15 different teams around the world that designed experiments to explore and test this idea in new ways to help tackle pressing social and environmental challenges. Each experiment fell under one of four themes: exploring artificial intelligence (AI)-crowd interaction; making better collective decisions; understanding the dynamics of collective behaviour; and gathering better data.